Second Sjahrir Cabinet

The Second Sjahrir Cabinet (Indonesian: Kabinet Sjahrir II) was the third Indonesian cabinet and the second formed by Sutan Sjahrir. It served from March to October 1946.

Second Sjahrir Cabinet
Kabinet Sjahrir II

3rd Cabinet of Indonesia
1946
Date formed12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)
Date dissolved2 October 1946 (1946-10-02)
People and organisations
Head of stateSukarno
Head of governmentSutan Sjahrir
No. of ministers24 ministers
History
PredecessorSjahrir I Cabinet
SuccessorSjahrir III Cabinet

Background edit

The first Sjahrir cabinet had been forced to resign by Tan Malaka and his opposition Struggle Front. President Sukarno then offered this group the chance to form a new government, but it was unable to do so principally because of fears from other members of the group that Tan Malaka would try to replace Sukarno. Sukarno, with the support of the Central Indonesian National Committee (KNIP), then asked Sjahrir to form a new cabinet. The KNIP asked Sjahrir to form a cabinet including a wider range of opinion. Sjahrir agreed on the condition he would have the greater say in the choice of members. [1]

Composition edit

Ten of the members of the previous cabinet served in the new cabinet. It contained members from a range of political parties, but Sjahrir's group was still dominant.[2]

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Minister of Defense
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) PSI
Minister of Home Affairs
Soedarsono
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) PSI
Minister of Justice
Soewandi
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)22 June 1946 (1946-06-22) Independent
Minister of Finance
Soerachman Tjokroadisuryo
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Independent
Minister of Agriculture and Supplies
Rasad
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)26 June 1946 (1946-06-26) Independent
Minister of Trade and Industry12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)26 June 1946 (1946-06-26) Independent
Minister of Welfare
Darmawan Mangunkusumo
26 June 1946 (1946-06-26)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Independent
Minister of Public Works12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Parkindo
Minister of Transportation
Abdoel Karim
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Independent
Minister of Information12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Masyumi
Minister of Social Affairs
Maria Ulfa Santoso (Perwari/PPI)
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Independent
Minister of Health12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Independent
Minister of Education
Muhammad Sjafei
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Independent
Minister of Religious Affairs12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Masyumi
State Minister12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Independent
Junior Minister of Foreign Affairs12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Independent
Junior Minister of Defense12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Masyumi
Junior Minister of Justice
Hadi
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Independent
Junior Minister of Finance12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Masyumi
Junior Minister of Agriculture and Supplies
Saksono
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) PSI
Junior Minister of Communications12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Independent
Junior Minister of Public Works12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) PNI
Junior Minister of Social Affairs
Abdul Madjid Djojoadiningrat
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) PSI
Junior Minister of Health12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Parkindo
Junior Minister of Education
Todung Sutan Gunung Mulia
12 March 1946 (1946-03-12)2 October 1946 (1946-10-02) Parkindo

Changes edit

Minister of Justice Soewandi resigned on 22 June 1946 and four days later Minister of Agriculture and Supplies Rasad lost his job when the ministry he headed was merged into the Ministry of Trade and Industry, which later became the Ministry of Welfare. Darmawan Mangoenkoesoemo was appointed Minister of Welfare and Saksono as Junior Minister of Welfare.[3]

The end of the cabinet edit

The second Sjahrir cabinet fell because of the kidnapping of Sjahrir and Darmawan Mangoenkoesoemo on 27 June 1946 by soldiers commanded by General Sudarsono. Like other opposition forces, they believed the government had betrayed the ideal of total independence by negotiating with the Dutch and conceding de facto Dutch control over parts of Indonesia. The rest of the cabinet held a meeting chaired by Amir Sjarifuddin and proposed transferring all powers to Sukarno. The president took control of the government by a decree issued on 28 June. This decree returned Indonesia to a presidential system and dissolved the cabinet.[4][5][6]

References edit

  • Kahin, George McTurnan (1952) Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia Cornell University Press, ISBN 0-8014-9108-8
  • Ricklefs (1982), A History of Modern Indonesia, Macmillan Southeast Asian reprint, ISBN 0-333-24380-3
  • Simanjuntak, P. N. H. (2003), Kabinet-Kabinet Republik Indonesia: Dari Awal Kemerdekaan Sampai Reformasi (in Indonesian), Jakarta: Djambatan, pp. 29–41, ISBN 979-428-499-8.

Notes edit

  1. ^ Kahin (1952) p176
  2. ^ Kahin (1952) pp. 176-177
  3. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) pp. 31-32
  4. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) p32
  5. ^ Kahin (1952) pp. 188-189
  6. ^ Ricklefs (1982) p211