Seachtain na Gaeilge (English: Irish language week), known for sponsorship purposes as Seachtain na Gaeilge le Energia, is an annual international festival promoting the Irish language and culture, both in Ireland and all around the world.[1] Established in 1902, it is the biggest Irish language festival in the world, reaching over 1 million people on 5 continents each year.[2]

Seachtain na Gaeilge
GenreIrish language festival
Frequency1–17 March annually
Years active1902; 122 years ago (1902)
FounderConradh na Gaeilge

Events edit

The festival lasts seventeen days and begins on St. David's Day on 1 March and runs until St Patrick's Day on 17 March each year,[3] with community-organised events celebrated all over Ireland and the world, such as céilís, concerts, quizzes, competitions and parades.[4] Many sporting events are organised during Seachtain na Gaeilge. In 2018, Seachtain na Gaeilge le Energia coincided with Rith.[citation needed]

History edit

Seachtain na Gaeilge (spelled "Seaċtṁain na Gaeḋilge") poster from the National Museum of Ireland, 1913

Seachtain na Gaeilge was founded as part of the Gaelic Revival by Conradh na Gaeilge in 1902,[5] and has gone from strength to strength in recent years.[6] Like its earliest Irish ancestors, the 14th-century Gairm Sgoile (Early Modern Irish: "Summoning", or "Gathering", "of the [Bardic] School")[7] and the 18th-century Munster Cúirt ("Poetic Court),[8] Seachtain na Gaeilge includes a contest between composers of Irish poetry in the Irish-language.

Energia has been a sponsor of the festival since 2017.[9] "Úsáid do Theanga" (English: "Use your language") was the motto of the festival in 2020.[10]

In 2018, the University of Galway, celebrated the 30th anniversary of Connaught Irish Modernist poet Máirtín Ó Direáin's death by making him one of the main themes of their annual celebration of Seachtain na Gaeilge. The title of the event and exhibit, which drew on university, State, and private archives, was "Máirtín Ó Direáin – Fathach File / Reluctant Modernist". Ó Direáin's daughter Niamh (née Ní Direáin) Sheridan, spoke at the event, and was joined by her daughter and her grandson.[11]

References edit

  1. ^ "Seachtain na Gaeilge". Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  2. ^ Dowling, David (10 March 2020). "The world's biggest Irish language festival begins with cúpla focal". Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  3. ^ de Buitléir, Daithí (4 March 2020). "Opinion: This Seachtain na Gaeilge, we should celebrate the rise of the Gaelscoil Generation". Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  4. ^ "Events – Seachtain na Gaeilge". Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  5. ^ Nickel, Audrey (27 February 2013). "CELEBRATING THE IRISH LANGUAGE: SEACHTAIN NA GAEILGE". Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Seachtain na Gaeilge Abroad". Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  7. ^ Keepers of the Gael
  8. ^ Daniel Corkery (1926), The Hidden Ireland: A Study of Gaelic Munster in the Eighteenth Century, pages 95–125.
  9. ^ "Energia Renews Sponsorship of Seachtain na Gaeilge". 7 February 2020. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Úsáid Do Theanga". Irish Independent. 27 February 2019. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
  11. ^ New exhibition at NUIG offers fresh insight into poet Máirtín Ó Direáin Connacht Tribune, 16 March 2018.

External links edit