The Scottish Championship is the second tier of the Scottish Professional Football League, the league competition for men's professional football clubs in Scotland. The Scottish Championship was established in July 2013, after the Scottish Professional Football League was formed by a merger of the Scottish Premier League and Scottish Football League.
|Number of teams||10|
|Level on pyramid||2|
|Promotion to||Scottish Premiership|
|Relegation to||Scottish League One|
|Domestic cup(s)||Scottish Cup|
|League cup(s)||Scottish League Cup|
Scottish Challenge Cup
|Current champions||Dundee United (1st title)[note 1] |
|Most championships||7 clubs (1 title each)[note 1]|
|TV partners||Sky Sports|
|Current: 2020–21 Scottish Championship|
Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference, and then goals scored. At the end of each season, the club with the most points is crowned league champion. If points are equal, the goal difference determines the winner. If this still does not result in a winner, the tied teams must take part in a playoff game at a neutral venue to determine the final placings.
Promotion and relegationEdit
The champions are directly promoted to the Scottish Premiership, swapping places with the bottom-ranked club of the Premiership. The clubs finishing 2nd, 3rd and 4th then enter the two-legged Premiership play-off. The 3rd-placed club plays the 4th-placed club, with the winner then playing the 2nd-placed club. The winner of that game then plays against the 11th-placed Premiership club. If the Championship play-off winner prevails, the club is promoted and the Premiership club is relegated; otherwise, the Premiership club remains in its league while the Championship club is not promoted.
For promotion and relegation, the Championship play-off system closely mirrors its Premiership counterpart — the bottom-ranked club in the Championship is automatically relegated while the 9th-placed club undergoes a play-off with the 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed clubs from League One.
Listed below are all the teams competing in the 2020–21 Scottish Championship season, with details of the first season they entered the second tier; the first season of their current spell in the second tier; and the last time they won the second tier.
|Team||Position in 2019–20||First season in
|First season of current
spell in second tier
|Last second tier title|
|Alloa Athletic||8th, Scottish Championship||1921–22||2018–19||1921–22|
|Arbroath||5th, Scottish Championship[note 2]||1921–22||2019–20||—|
|Ayr United||4th, Scottish Championship||1910–11||2018–19||1965–66|
|Dundee||3rd, Scottish Championship||1938–39||2019–20||2013–14|
|Dunfermline Athletic||6th, Scottish Championship[note 2]||1912–13||2016–17||2010–11|
|Greenock Morton||7th, Scottish Championship||1893–94||2015–16||1986–87|
|Heart of Midlothian||12th, Scottish Premiership (relegated)||1977–78||2020–21||2014–15|
|Inverness Caledonian Thistle||2nd, Scottish Championship||1999–00||2017–18||2009–10|
|Queen of the South||9th, Scottish Championship||1923–24||2012–13||1950–51|
|Raith Rovers||1st, Scottish League One (promoted)||1902–03||2020–21||1994–95|
|Alloa Athletic||Arbroath||Ayr United||Dundee||Dunfermline Athletic|
|Recreation Park||Gayfield Park||Somerset Park||Dens Park||East End Park|
|Capacity: 3,100||Capacity: 6,600||Capacity: 10,185||Capacity: 11,506||Capacity: 11,480|
|Greenock Morton||Heart of Midlothian||Inverness Caledonian Thistle||Queen of the South||Raith Rovers|
|Cappielow Park||Tynecastle Park||Caledonian Stadium||Palmerston Park||Stark's Park|
|Capacity: 11,589||Capacity: 19,852||Capacity: 7,512||Capacity: 8,690||Capacity: 8,867|
|2013–14||Dundee||Hamilton Academical||Rory Loy (Falkirk)||20|
|2014–15||Heart of Midlothian||Hibernian||Jason Cummings (Hibernian)||18|
|2015–16||Rangers||Falkirk||Martyn Waghorn (Rangers)||20|
|2016–17||Hibernian||Falkirk||Jason Cummings (Hibernian)
Stephen Dobbie (Queen of the South)
|2017–18||St Mirren||Livingston||Stephen Dobbie (Queen of the South)||18|
|2018–19||Ross County||Dundee United||Lawrence Shankland (Ayr United)||24|
|2019–20[a]||Dundee United||Inverness Caledonian Thistle||Lawrence Shankland (Dundee United)||24|
Records and awardsEdit
- Biggest home win
- Heart of Midlothian 10–0 Cowdenbeath, 28 February 2015
- Biggest away win
- Dumbarton 0–6 Rangers, 2 January 2016;
- Most points in a season
- 91; Heart of Midlothian, 2014–15
- Fewest points in a season
- 4; Brechin City, 2017–18
- Fewest goals scored in a season
- 20; Brechin City, 2017–18
- Most goals scored in a season
- 96; Heart of Midlothian, 2014–15
- Most goals conceded in a season
- 90; Brechin City, 2017–18
- Fewest goals conceded in a season
- 25; Hibernian, 2016–17[note 3]
- Highest attendance
- 50,349; Rangers 1–1 Alloa Athletic, 23 April 2016
- Lowest attendance
- 318; Cowdenbeath 3–0 Greenock Morton, 25 March 2014
|1||Stephen Dobbie||Queen of the South (2016–)||66|
|2||Lawrence Shankland||St Mirren (2015–2017)
Greenock Morton (2017)
Ayr United (2018–2019)
Dundee United (2019–2020)
|3||Jason Cummings||Hibernian (2014–2017)||55|
|4||Nicky Clark||Rangers (2014–2016)
Dunfermline Athletic (2016–2018)
Dundee United (2018–2020)
|5||Derek Lyle||Queen of the South (2013–2018)||51|
- The Scottish Championship has only existed since 2013. For a complete record of clubs that have won the Scottish second tier, see List of winners of the Scottish Championship and predecessors.
- Positions in 2019–20 were determined by points per game, rather than total points. Arbroath (36) won one fewer point than Dunfermline Athletic (37), but they played two fewer games and therefore their points average was higher.
- Dundee United conceded 22 goals in the curtailed 2019–20 season.
- Clubs only include those where players scored goals in the Scottish Championship.
- "SPFL: New Scottish league brands unveiled". BBC Sport. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "The Rules and Regulations of the Scottish Professional Football League" (PDF). Scottish Professional Football League. 19 January 2016. pp. 36–7. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- "Scottish Championship". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "Alloa Athletic Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
- "Arbroath Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
- "Ayr United Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
- "Dundee Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "Dunfermline Athletic Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
- "Morton Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Tynecastle Park Safety Certificate, issued October 2018" (PDF). 31 October 2018.
- "Inverness Caledonian Thistle Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 29 May 2017.
- "Queen of the South Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "Raith Rovers Football Club". Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "Dundee Utd, Raith & Cove win titles & reconstruction talks start after Dundee vote". BBC Sport. BBC. 15 April 2020. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
- "Heart of Midlothian F.C. 10–0 Cowdenbeath". BBC Sport. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
- "Dumbarton 0–6 Rangers". BBC Sport. 2 January 2016. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
- Sutherland, Jonathan (28 April 2018). "Brechin City: Scottish Championship side go entire league season without victory". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
- "Scottish Championship Statistics 2013–14". Soccerbase. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Scottish Championship Statistics 2014–15". Soccerbase. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Scottish Championship Statistics 2015–16". Soccerbase. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Scottish Championship Statistics 2016–17". Soccerbase. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Scottish Championship Statistics 2017–18". Soccerbase. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Scottish Championship Statistics 2018–19". Soccerbase. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Scottish Championship Statistics 2019–20". Soccerbase. Retrieved 14 August 2019.