The Black Elster[1][2] or Schwarze Elster (German, pronounced [ˌʃvaʁtsə ˈʔɛlstɐ] ; Lower Sorbian: Carny Halšter; Upper Sorbian: Čorny Halštrow) is a 179-kilometre (111 mi) long river in eastern Germany, in the states of Saxony, Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt. It is a right tributary of the Elbe. Its source is in the Upper Lusatia region, near Elstra.

Black Elster
The Black Elster in Schweinitz.
Native name
Physical characteristics
 • locationUpper Lusatia
 • elevation317 m (1,040 ft)
 • location
 • coordinates
51°48′59″N 12°49′57″E / 51.81639°N 12.83250°E / 51.81639; 12.83250
Length179 km (111 mi)
Basin size5,541 km2 (2,139 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionElbeNorth Sea

The Black Elster flows through the cities Kamenz/Kamjenc, Hoyerswerda/Wojerecy, Senftenberg/Zły Komorow, Lauchhammer, Elsterwerda, Bad Liebenwerda, Herzberg and Jessen. It flows into the river Elbe at Elster (Elbe), upstream from Wittenberg.

Geography edit

The river rises in the Lusatian Highlands (Upper Lusatia) about 1.5 kilometres (0.9 mi) south of the village Kindisch in the borough of Elstra on the eastern flank of the 396-metre (1,299 ft) high Kuppe, a subpeak of the Hochstein. From here the Black Elster flows initially in a northerly direction through Elstra, Kamenz, Milstrich and Wittichenau; from Hoyerswerda it flows in westwards to Elsterheide. Further downstream, after 63 kilometres (39 mi), it crosses the Saxon-Brandenburg border and flows through Senftenberg, Ruhland and Lauchhammer to Elsterwerda. From here it heads in a northwesterly direction through Bad Liebenwerda, Herzberg and Jessen before emptying into the Elbe in the municipality of Elster (Elbe) (river kilometre 198.5).

The most important tributaries of the Black Elster are the Hoyerswerdaer Schwarzwasser, the Pulsnitz, the Große Röder, the Kleine Elster and the Schweinitzer Fließ.

Tributaries edit

Left tributaries Right tributaries
  • Kesselwasser, before Elstra at 197 m
  • Langes Wasser, in Kamenz at 177 m
  • Schwosdorfer Wasser, near Schiedel at 144 m
  • Rocknitzgraben, near Skaska at 138 m
  • Kossacksgraben, near Neuwiese at 114 m
  • Schleichgraben, near Großkoschen at 103 m
  • Ruhlander Schwarzwasser, near Ruhland at 95 m
  • Sieggraben, after Ruhland at 94 m
  • Pulsnitz, near Elsterwerda at 88.5 m
  • Große Röder, near Haida at 87 m
  • Alte Röder, near Prieschka at 86.7 m
  • Kleine Röder, near Bad Liebenwerda at 86.3 m
  • Neugraben, near Grabo at 71 m

History edit

Field Marshal Blücher crossed the Elbe River near its confluence with the Black Elster on 3 Oct 1813 on his march to Leipzig.[3]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Elbe River Basin by the International Commission for the Protection of the Elbe River. Accessed on 16 Jan 2011.
  2. ^ Elbe Archived 2013-11-04 at the Wayback Machine at Accessed on 16 Jan 2011.
  3. ^ Wright, George Newenham (1836). A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, Volume 3, p. 78.