Schloss Wolfegg

Schloss Wolfegg is a Renaissance castle next to the town of Wolfegg in Upper Swabia (Germany). The castle is the ancestral seat of the family of Waldburg-Wolfegg, which still owns it today.

Schloss Wolfegg
Aerial image of the Schloss Wolfegg (view from the south).jpg
Aerial view of Schloss Wolfegg with parish church (2022)
Schloss Wolfegg is located in Baden-Württemberg
Schloss Wolfegg
Location within Baden-Württemberg
Schloss Wolfegg is located in Germany
Schloss Wolfegg
Schloss Wolfegg (Germany)
General information
Architectural styleRenaissance
ClassificationKulturdenkmal (cultural property)
Town or cityWolfegg, Baden-Württemberg
CountryGermany
Coordinates47°49′22″N 9°47′30″E / 47.8229°N 9.7916°E / 47.8229; 9.7916Coordinates: 47°49′22″N 9°47′30″E / 47.8229°N 9.7916°E / 47.8229; 9.7916
Construction started16th century
Completed19th century
OwnerPrince Johannes zu Waldburg-Wolfegg und Waldsee
Website
Schloss Wolfegg (in German)

BuildingEdit

 
Schloss Wolfegg courtyard (2005)

The main building of the castle consists of four wings arranged in the shape of a rectangle with towers in the corners. Its exterior design and layout dates back to Truchsess Jakob II. of Waldburg (1546–1589) and his wife Johanna (1548–1613). After a fire in 1578 destroyed an older building, they built a new castle. Parts of it however were destroyed in 1646, when Swedish troops under Carl Gustaf Wrangel ransacked the place near the end of the Thirty Years' War and laid fire to it.

Since the owner Maximilian Willibald of Waldburg-Wolfegg was short of funds, the restoration of the castle was delayed until 1651. From 1691 to 1700 the sculptor and plasterer Balthasar Kimmer of Wangen (1653–1702) redesigned the interior of the rooms with official and representative functions. In the 18th century some of the guest rooms were decorated in Rococo style. Towards the end of the 19th century the castle was extensively renovated again. The dining rooms received a new interior design and the castle's chapel was remodeled in a Neo-Gothic fashion.[1][2]

UseEdit

 
Nowadays international concerts of classical music take place twice a year in the splendid Knights' Hall (2005).[3]

The castle, which is still occupied by members of the Waldburg-Wolfegg family, is usually not accessible to the public. However once or twice a year public concerts are performed within the castle during which concert visitors can see some of the castle's inner room, in particular the Rittersaal (knights' hall). The Rittersaal is a large hall decorated in Baroque style featuring 24 life-sized wood sculptures and large ceiling mirrors. It is considered to be one of the most original room designs of the Baroque period in Germany. In addition to those rooms being used for concerts guided tours through other parts of the castle might be offered at that occasion.[1][4]

In May 2016 the Denkmalstiftung Baden-Württemberg, a foundation for the preservation of historical monuments in Baden-Württemberg, designated the Rittersaal as the historic monument of the month.[5]

The castle also hosts the Wolfegger Kabinett, a large collection of graphic art from the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance periods.[2]

Discovery of the map that named AmericaEdit

 
Detail of the printed wall map of the world with the name America first mentioned.

In April 1507 an edition of 1,000 copies of the wall map of the world by the German cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann was printed, on which the continent and the name America appeared for the first time.[6] On account of the rapid development of cartography in this epoch these were fast superseded by more detailed editions, so that this edition quickly fell out of use and all issues were lost over time.[7]

Their fate and whereabouts were unknown until one of the originals was rediscovered in 1901 by the historian and cartographer Joseph Fischer in the library of the castle, the Wolfegger Kabinett. The exemplar was 8 feet (2.4 m) wide and 4.5 feet (1.4 m) high and in very good condition.[7] It was originally the property of Johannes Schöner, an astronomer, geographer, and cartographer in the Free Imperial City of Nuremberg. Later the family of Waldburg-Wolfegg acquired the map and it remained in their archives for more than 250 years.[8] In 2001 the United States Library of Congress bought the map from Waldburg-Wolfegg family for ten million dollars.[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Schloss Wolfegg at the official websites of the town of Wolfegg (in German. Retrieved 22 December 2012)
  2. ^ a b Lisa Zeitz: Großer Kleiner Klebeband Archived 26 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Arsprototo, Ausgabe 4/2011 (in German)
  3. ^ Pill, Irene (11 July 2013). "Internationale Wolfegger Konzerte". 88364 Wolfegg, Germany: Circle of friends Wolfegg Concerts. reg. society. Retrieved 2 May 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  4. ^ Andrea Reidt, Werner Sonntag: Allgäu. Marco Polo Reiseführer (Dumont) 2005, ISBN 3-8297-0283-3, S. 38 (in German, online copy, p. 38, at Google Books)
  5. ^ Baden-Württemberg, Denkmalstiftung. "Denkmalstiftung Baden-Württemberg › Rittersaal Wolfegg ist Denkmal des Monats Mai 2016".
  6. ^ Dalrymple, Helen (August 2001). "'America's Birth Certificate'". Library of Congress. Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  7. ^ a b Lester, Toby (28 October 2009). "The map that changed the world". BBC. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Completes Purchase of Waldseemüller Map". Library of Congress. 18 June 2003. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  9. ^ Hébert, John R. (September 2003). "The Map That Named America". Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved 16 April 2014.