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The Oberliga Schleswig-Holstein, formerly referred to as Schleswig-Holstein-Liga, is the fifth tier of the German football league system and the highest league in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football.

Oberliga Schleswig-Holstein
Map of Germany:Position of Schleswig-Holstein highlighted
Founded1947
CountryGermany
StateSchleswig-Holstein
Number of teams18
Level on pyramidLevel 5
Promotion toRegionalliga Nord
Relegation toLandesliga Schleswig-Holstein
Current championsNTSV Strand 08
(2018–19)

Contents

OverviewEdit

1945–1963Edit

The league was formed in 1947 as Schleswig-Holstein-Liga by thirty clubs in three divisions of ten, in the newly created state of Schleswig-Holstein which was then part of the British occupation zone in Germany. On 30 August 1947, the Schleswig-Holstein FA (SHFV) was formed.[1]

From the start, the league was a feeder league to the Oberliga Nord which its champion had the option of promotion to. Promotion had to be archived through a play-off with teams from the Amateurligen of Lower Saxony, Bremen and Hamburg. As such, the league was now the second tier of the northern German league system. The league was renamed Landesliga Schleswig-Holstein (English:Schleswig-Holstein State League) in 1948 and united in one division of twelve teams, with the bottom two teams relegated to one of the four Bezirksklassen.

In 1951, the league was expanded to sixteen teams. The number of clubs in the league fluctuated to eighteen and seventeen in 1954-55 and 1955–56 and then returned to sixteen again.

From 1954, the league was renamed Amateurliga Schleswig-Holstein.

1963–1974Edit

In 1963, with the introduction of the Bundesliga, the disbanding of the Oberliga Nord and the formation of the Regionalliga Nord, the league fell to tier three, but remained unchanged otherwise, with sixteen clubs as its strength. The champion of Schleswig-Holstein continued to have to play-off for promotion, now to the Regionalliga.

From 1968, the Amateurliga reverted to the name Landesliga Schleswig-Holstein. Below the Landesliga, the number of leagues was reduced from four to two, the new Verbandsligen of Schleswig-Holstein-Nord and -Süd.

1974-1994Edit

After the 1973-74 season, the Regionalliga Nord was disbanded in favor of the 2nd Bundesliga Nord. The new Oberliga Nord was now introduced in northern Germany, as the third tier of the league system, below the 2nd Bundesliga. This meant for the Landesliga a slip to tier four. The top two team of the league was however promoted to the new Oberliga. The system for promotion from the Landesliga remained mostly unchanged.

In 1978, the league was finally renamed Verbandsliga Schleswig-Holstein, the name it carried until 2008. It took ten seasons for a club of the league under the new name to gain promotion again, a long stretch of nine seasons without success. Below the Verbandsliga the two leagues were now renamed Landesligen instead.

1994–2008Edit

In 1994, the Regionalliga Nord was re-established, now as the third tier of the league system. The Oberliga Nord was in turn replaced by two parallel Oberligen, Niedersachsen/Bremen and Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein. For the Verbandsliga Schleswig-Holstein, this meant a further slip, now to tier five, but also, for the first time in its history, direct promotion for the league champion and, in some seasons, even the runners-up. In 1994, the league saw its top eight clubs elevated to the new Oberliga.

From 1999, the number of leagues below the Verbandsliga was extended from two to four and the leagues renamed Bezirksoberliga.

The 1999-2000 season saw another league system change with the reduction of numbers of Regionalligen, this however had no effect on the Verbandsliga.

In 2004, it was decided to restore the Oberliga Nord in favor of the two separate Oberligen.

The league was expanded, for the first time, to eighteen teams, for the next three seasons. In 2007-08, the number increased to nineteen. The 2006-07 league winner, TSV Kropp, did not apply for an Oberliga licence and was not promoted. Fifth placed FC Kilia Kiel applied but was refused a licence.[2]

2008 onwardsEdit

At the end of the 2007–08 season, the new 3rd Liga was established and the Oberliga Nord disbanded, again. The four northern German states were then the only regions without an Oberliga and the five Verbandsligen sit right below the Regionalliga Nord, parallel to the two NOFV-Oberligen. At the end of the 2007-08 season, the five winners of the northern Verbandsligen played with the sixth placed team from the Oberliga Nord for one last spot in the Regionalliga.[3] In the future seasons, promotion for the Schleswig-Holstein champion will only be available through a set of play-off matches with the league winners from Hamburg and Bremen. These three teams will compete for one promotion spot to the Regionalliga.

The Schleswig-Holstein-Liga however maintained its status as a tier five league. This fact means the league is now on the same level as other Oberligas in Germany. Accordingly, the league dropped the name Verbandsliga and simply called itself Schleswig-Holstein-Liga. The leagues below it then adopted the name Verbandsliga. Since the 2017-18 season, the league is known as Oberliga Schleswig-Holstein and relegates to the newly created Landesliga Schleswig-Holstein in the sixth tier.[4]

Position of the Oberliga Schleswig-Holstein in the league systemEdit

Years Tier Promotion to
1947–1963 II Oberliga Nord
1963–1974 III Regionalliga Nord
1974–1994 IV Oberliga Nord
1994–2004 V Oberliga Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein
2004–2008 V Oberliga Nord
2008– V Regionalliga Nord

Winners of the Oberliga Schleswig-HolsteinEdit

The league champions:

  • bold denotes club gained promotion.
  • In 1957, the runner-up Phönix Lübeck was also promoted
  • In 1959, the runner-up VfB Lübeck was promoted instead
  • In 1962, the runner-up VfB Lübeck was promoted instead
  • In 1963, the runner-up SV Friedrichsort was promoted instead
  • In 1968 and 1970, the runner-up Heider SV was promoted instead
  • In 1990, the runner-up Eutin 08 was promoted instead
  • In 1994, the top eight clubs were promoted to the new Oberliga Hamburg/Schleswig-Holstein
  • In 1995, the runner-up VfR Neumünster was also promoted
  • In 1998, the runner-up Phönix Lübeck was also promoted
  • In 1999, the runner-up TSV Lägerdorf was also promoted
  • In 2001, the second- and third-placed teams, SpVgg Flensburg 08 and FC Kilia Kiel were also promoted
  • In 2002, the runner-up TSB Flensburg was also promoted
  • In 2003, the runner-up TSV Kropp was also promoted
  • In 2005, the runner-up TSV Kropp was promoted instead
  • In 2012, the runner-up ETSV Weiche was also promoted
  • In 2018, the third-placed Holstein Kiel II was promoted instead
  • In 2019, the fourth-placed Heider SV was promoted instead

Founding members of the Oberiga Schleswig-HolsteinEdit

Northern GroupEdit

  • Eckernförder SV, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • SpVgg Flensburg 08, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • Husumer SV, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • ATSV Flensburg, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • Schleswig 06
  • VfB Kiel
  • VfR Laboe
  • Rot-Weiß Niebüll
  • Schwarz-Weiß Elmschenhagen
  • SC Comet Kiel

Eastern GroupEdit

  • FC Kilia Kiel, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • Phönix Lübeck, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • Eutin 08, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • Polizei SV Kiel, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • TSV Schlutup
  • TSV Kücknitz
  • TSV Mölln
  • VfL Oldesloe
  • Preetzer TSV
  • Oldenburger SV

Western GroupEdit

  • Itzehoer SV, 'qualified for the new Landesliga
  • Fortuna Glückstadt, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • Union Neumünster, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • TSV Brunsbüttelkoog, qualified for the new Landesliga
  • Gut-Heil Neumünster
  • Heider SV
  • Rendsburger TSV
  • VfR Neumünster
  • TuS Nortorf
  • VfL Kellinghusen

League placingsEdit

The complete list of clubs and placings in the league since elevation to Oberliga status (2008–Present):[5]

Club 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
VfB Lübeck R R R R R 1 R R R R R R
Holstein Kiel II 1 1 7 3 2 4 2 3 2 3 R R
NTSV Strand 08 18 5 7 8 12 15 6 1 1
TSB Flensburg 4 4 2 2 x
SV Todesfelde 13 11 5 8 5 5 9 6 3 x
Heider SV 4 10 14 13 7 10 14 6 7 7 4 R
SC Weiche Flensburg 08 II 4 5 x
VfB Lübeck II 8 6 4 5 12 6 x
SV Eichede 3 2 4 1 R 3 1 R 5 7 x
TSV Bordesholm 16 17 8 x
Eutin 08 4 2 1 R 9 x
Inter Türkspor Kiel 8 10 x
Union Neumünster 14 15 3 12 11 12 13 11 x
TSV Kropp 13 12 8 6 4 6 6 8 14 12 x
SV Frisia Risum-Lindholm 11 10 13 x
VfR Neumünster 2 2 1 1 R R R 10 3 11 14
TSV Lägerdorf 10 9 15
TSV Schilksee 11 1 R 8 12 16
1. FC Phönix Lübeck x
SV Preußen Reinfeld x
FC Dornbreite Lübeck 9 14 16 14
TSV Friedrichsberg-Busdorf 15
TSV Wankendorf 16
ETSV Weiche 9 6 2 R R R R R
SpVgg Flensburg 08 10 8 10 8 3 7 9 7 5
TuS Hartenholm 15 13 11 14 13
Oldenburger SV 12 15 x
TSV Altenholz 14 17 10 5 8 9 16
TSG Concordia Schönkirchen 17
FC Kilia Kiel 17 13 18
Preetzer TSV 10 6 2 7 15
SV Henstedt-Ulzburg 3 5 9 12 16 10 16
TuRa Meldorf 14 9 13 17
FC Reher/Puls 18
FC Angeln 02 18
Husumer SV 16 16 15 x
SSC Hagen Ahrensburg 13 16
SV Eichede II 17
Heikendorfer SV 7 11 11 14 11 18
1. Schleswiger SV 06 9 13 18 17
FC Sylt 3 9 18
Eider Büdelsdorf 5 4 12 15
SV Schackendorf 17
Breitenfelder SV 18
Eckernförder SV 12 7 17 x
TSV Klausdorf 15
SC Comet Kiel 6 16
Itzehoer SV 11 18
VfR Horst 15

KeyEdit

Symbol Key
B Bundesliga
2B 2. Bundesliga
3L 3. Liga
R Regionalliga Nord
1 League champions
Place League
Blank Played at a league level below this league

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "History of the SHFV". Schleswig-Holstein FA. Retrieved 4 March 2008.
  2. ^ "Licence applications for the Oberliga Nord season 2007-08". Northern German FA. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2008.
  3. ^ "Regulations for the Oberliga Nord 2007-08" (PDF). Northern German FA. Retrieved 4 March 2008.[dead link]
  4. ^ "Neue Ligenstruktur und Verjüngung" [New league structure and rejuvenation]. fupa.net (in German). 31 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Oberliga Schleswig-Holstein tables & results". Kicker.de (in German). Retrieved 14 August 2019.

SourcesEdit

  • Deutschlands Fußball in Zahlen, (in German) An annual publication with tables and results from the Bundesliga to Verbandsliga/Landesliga, publisher: DSFS
  • Kicker Almanach, (in German) The yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  • Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik 1945-2005 (in German) History of German football from 1945 to 2005 in tables, publisher: DSFS, published: 2006

External linksEdit