Schizostachyum

Schizostachyum is a tall or shrub-like tropical genus of bamboo.[2][3] They are natives mostly of tropical Asia and Papuasia, with a few species in Madagascar and on certain islands in the Pacific.[1][4] A few have become naturalized in other tropical regions.[5]

Schizostachyum
Schizostachyum glaucifolium.jpg
ʻOhe (Schizostachyum glaucifolium)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Subtribe: Melocanninae
Genus: Schizostachyum
Nees
Type species
Schizostachyum blumei
Synonyms[1]
  • Dendrochloa C.E.Parkinson
  • Teinostachyum Munro
Schizostachyum diffusum is a climbing bamboo that grows in clusters.

DescriptionEdit

The genus name comes from Greek schistos ("cleft") and stachys ("spike"), referring to the spacing of spikelets.

These are clumping, sometimes climbing woody bamboos, with terete culm-internodes and short, thick (pachymorph), perennial rhizomes.[1]

SpeciesEdit

The following are included in Plants of the World Online:[6][1]

  1. Schizostachyum aciculare - Borneo, Malaysia, Indochina
  2. Schizostachyum aequiramosum - Java
  3. Schizostachyum alopecurus - New Guinea
  4. Schizostachyum andamanicum - Andaman Islands
  5. Schizostachyum arunachalensis - Arunachal Pradesh
  6. Schizostachyum atrocingulare - Sumatra
  7. Schizostachyum auriculatum - Guangxi
  8. Schizostachyum bamban - Sumatra
  9. Schizostachyum beddomei - India
  10. Schizostachyum blumei Nees - from Vietnam to Java - type species
  11. Schizostachyum brachycladum - from Vietnam to Java
  12. Schizostachyum brachythyrsus - New Guinea
  13. Schizostachyum castaneum - Bali
  14. Schizostachyum caudatum - Java, Sumatra
  15. Schizostachyum chinense - Yunnan
  16. Schizostachyum copelandii - New Guinea
  17. Schizostachyum coradatum - Jiangxi
  18. Schizostachyum cornutum - Sumatra
  19. Schizostachyum curranii - Philippines
  20. Schizostachyum cuspidatum - Sumatra
  21. Schizostachyum diaoluoshanense - Hainan
  22. Schizostachyum distans - Myanmar
  23. Schizostachyum dullooa - Eastern Himalayas, Myanmar, Vietnam
  24. Schizostachyum dumetorum - Guangdong, Jiangxi
  25. Schizostachyum flexuosum - Borneo
  26. Schizostachyum funghomii - Arunachal Pradesh, Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Vietnam; naturalized in Honduras, Puerto Rico
  27. Schizostachyum glaucifolium - Marquesas
  28. Schizostachyum glaucocladum - Kalimantan
  29. Schizostachyum gracile - Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia
  30. Schizostachyum grande - Laos, Peninsular Malaysia
  31. Schizostachyum griffithii - Assam, Myanmar
  32. Schizostachyum hainanense - Hainan, Vietnam
  33. Schizostachyum hantu - Sarawak
  34. Schizostachyum insulare - Peninsular Malaysia
  35. Schizostachyum iraten - Java
  36. Schizostachyum jaculans - Hainan, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia
  37. Schizostachyum kalpongianum - Andaman Islands
  38. Schizostachyum khoonmengii - Brunei
  39. Schizostachyum kuisingii K.M.Wong - Peninsular Malaysia
  40. Schizostachyum langbianense V.T.Tran, N.H.Xia & H.N.Nguyen - Vietnam
  41. Schizostachyum latifolium - Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia
  42. Schizostachyum lengguanii - Peninsular Malaysia
  43. Schizostachyum lima - Philippines, Sulawesi, Maluku, New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands
  44. Schizostachyum lumampao - Philippines
  45. Schizostachyum lutescens - Sumatra
  46. Schizostachyum mampouw - Sumatra
  47. Schizostachyum mannii - Assam
  48. Schizostachyum nghianum N.H.Xia & V.T.Tran
  49. Schizostachyum ninhthuanense N.H.Xia, V.T.Tran & H.N.Nguyen - Vietnam
  50. Schizostachyum pergracile (Munro) R.B.Majumdar
  51. Schizostachyum perrieri - Madagascar
  52. Schizostachyum pilosum - Sabah
  53. Schizostachyum pingbianense - Yunnan
  54. Schizostachyum pleianthemum - Sumatra
  55. Schizostachyum pseudolima - Hainan, Vietnam
  56. Schizostachyum rogersii - Myanmar, Andaman Islands
  57. Schizostachyum sanguineum - Yunnan
  58. Schizostachyum seshagirianum - Arunachal Pradesh
  59. Schizostachyum silicatum - Sumatra
  60. Schizostachyum terminale - Peninsular Malaysia
  61. Schizostachyum tessellatum - Solomon Islands
  62. Schizostachyum textorium - Philippines
  63. Schizostachyum undulatum - Sumatra
  64. Schizostachyum wanshishanense - Fujian
  65. Schizostachyum warburgii - Maluku
  66. Schizostachyum whitei - New Guinea
  67. Schizostachyum yalyense - Vietnam
  68. Schizostachyum zollingeri - from Vietnam to Java
formerly included[4]

see Bambusa Cephalostachyum Cyrtochloa Dendrocalamus Dinochloa Eremocaulon Gigantochloa Nastus Neohouzeaua Pseudostachyum Pseudoxytenanthera Sirochloa

Some also include the genus Leptocanna in this genus.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit