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Świdwin [ˈɕfidvin] (German: Schivelbein; Kashubian: Skwilbëno) is a town in West Pomeranian Voivodeship of northwestern Poland. It is the capital of Świdwin County established 1999, previously having been in Koszalin Voivodeship (1950–1998), and the administrative seat - though not part - of the Gmina Świdwin. Świdwin is situated in the historic Pomerania region on the left banks of the Rega river, about 100 km (62 mi) east of the regional capital Szczecin and 44 km (27 mi) south of the Baltic coast at Kołobrzeg. In 2010 the town had a population of 15,503.

Świdwin
Świdwin Castle
Świdwin Castle
Coat of arms of Świdwin
Coat of arms
Świdwin is located in Poland
Świdwin
Świdwin
Coordinates: 53°47′N 15°46′E / 53.783°N 15.767°E / 53.783; 15.767Coordinates: 53°47′N 15°46′E / 53.783°N 15.767°E / 53.783; 15.767
Country Poland
VoivodeshipWest Pomeranian
CountyŚwidwin County
GminaŚwidwin (urban gmina)
Government
 • MayorPiotr Feliński
Area
 • Total22.38 km2 (8.64 sq mi)
Elevation
99 m (325 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total15,503
 • Density698/km2 (1,810/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Zip code
78-300 do 78-301
Area code(s)+48-(0)94
Car platesZSD
Websitewww.swidwin.pl

HistoryEdit

 
Schivelbein about 1860, with the new railway line to Stargard

In the 13th century the settlement belonged to the Duchy of Pomerania under the Griffin duke Barnim I. In 1248 the duke ceded the area to the Bishop of Cammin, who shortly afterwards sold it to the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg. Schivelbein was incorporated as the northeastern outpost of the Neumark region and, though temporarily pawned to the State of the Teutonic Order, remained a Brandenburg possession until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. In 1816 it became part of the Prussian province of Pomerania.

The Battle of Świdwin took place south of the town during 6–7 March 1945, in which a German SS corps was encircled and destroyed by two Soviet and one Polish armies.[1] After the town was captured, a Soviet general was killed by a member of the Hitler Youth. The reprisals that followed saw the men shot, and the women and girls raped by Soviet troops.[2][3] At the end of World War II Schivelbein with Farther Pomerania became part of the Republic of Poland and its name changed to Świbowina, which was officially renamed to Świdwin in 1946.

PopulationEdit

1960: 10,000 inhabitants
1970: 12,600 inhabitants
1975: 13,500 inhabitants
1980: 14,000 inhabitants
2004: 17,000 inhabitants
2005: 16,240 inhabitants
2008: 15,486 inhabitants
2009: 15,621 inhabitants
2010: 15,503 inhabitants

Notable residentsEdit

 
Rudolf Virchow

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Świdwin is twinned with:

Świdwin's airportEdit

The military airport operated by the Polish Air Force is located about 5 km (3.11 mi) from the city centre. Civilians are not permitted to enter, but this airport is often used for government's aircraft. The runway is 2.5 km (1.55 mi) length and 60 m (196.85 ft) width.

ReferencesEdit

  • Werwolf!: The History of the National Socialist Guerrilla Movement, 1944-1946, Perry Biddiscombe, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998. ISBN 0802008623.
  • Boje Polskie 1939-1945, Krzysztof Komorowski et al., Warszawa: Bellona, 2009. ISBN 978-83-11-10357-3.

External linksEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Komorowski, p. 387
  2. ^ (Biddiscombe 1998, p. 464)
  3. ^ (Biddiscombe 1998, p. 270)