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Schenley Industries was a liquor company based in New York City with headquarters in the Empire State Building and a distillery in Lawrenceburg, Indiana. It owned several brands of Bourbon whiskey, including Schenley, The Old Quaker Company, Golden Wedding Rye, I.W. Harper, James E. Pepper, and possibly others. It also owned a controlling interest in Blatz beer and made a Canadian whisky called Schenley Reserve, also called Schenley Black Label. It was the only liquor available to submarine officers at Midway in World War II, where it was held in low regard and known as "Schenley's Black Death". It also imported Dewar's White Label Scotch.
Schenley Products Company was organized in the 1920s by Lewis Rosenstiel. The company bought numerous distillers, including one in Schenley, Pennsylvania, and acquired a license to produce medicinal whisky. (The United States government had authorized six companies to produce medicinal spirits. The others were: Brown-Forman, Frankfort Distilleries, the A. Ph. Stitzel Distillery, the American Medicinal Spirits Company, and James Thompson and Brother.) In 1933, when Prohibition ended, Schenley Distillers Company was formed as a publicly owned company. It was the largest liquor company in the United States during 1934–1937. The name was changed to Schenley Industries in 1949. It was one of the "Big Four", which dominated liquor sales, and included Seagram, National Distillers and Hiram Walker.
Schenley was acquired by the financier Meshulam Riklis in 1968. He sold the company to Guinness in 1987. Schenley had formerly imported Guinness into the United States. The company sponsored the Schenley Award in the Canadian Football League from its establishment in 1953 until 1988. The trophy is still awarded for outstanding play, despite the fact the company stopped its sponsorship in 1988 and has not been sponsored since.
- "James E. Pepper Distillery, Lexington, KY, National Register of Historic Places registration form" (PDF). U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved May 27, 2019.
Schenley products purchased the company in 1934 and began to rebuild the distillery complex. Between the years of 1934 and 1937, Schenley was the largest distiller in the United States and the acquisition of the Pepper brand name fit well into the company's plans for growth. Schenley was willing to invest large sums of money ...
- I. J. Galantin, Edward Beach. Take Her Deep!. Naval Institute Press. p. 49.
- Bourbon Empire: The Past and Future of America's Whiskey By Reid Mitenbuler ISBN 9780670016839
- Sloane, Leonard (1976-01-22). "Lewis Rosenstiel, Founder Of Schenley Empire, Dies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
- Lohr, Steve; Times, Special To the New York (1987-09-18). "Guinness Agrees to Buy Schenley From Riklis". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-08-22.
- Wons, Peter (October 20, 2014). "Schenley Awards". The Canadian Encyclopedia. HistoricaCanada. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
- Schenley Distillery Architectural Drawings Digital Media Repository, Ball State University Libraries
- Schenley Distillery Architectural Plans Archives and Special Collections, Ball State University Libraries (PDF)
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