Schöpfungsmesse

The Mass No. 13 in B-flat major, Hob. XXII/13, was composed by Joseph Haydn in 1801.[1] It is known as the Schöpfungsmesse or Creation Mass because of the words "Qui tollis peccata mundi" in the Gloria, Haydn recycled music from the Adam and Eve's final duet in The Creation,[2] a fact which scandalized Empress Maria Theresa so much that she ordered Haydn to recompose that passage for her own copy of the work.[3]

Missa
Schöpfungsmesse
Mass by Joseph Haydn
KeyB-flat major
CatalogueHob. XXII/13
Composed1801 (1801)
VocalSATB choir and soloists
Instrumentalorchestra

The work consists of six movements:

  1. Kyrie, Adagio, B-flat major, 3/4
    Kyrie, Allegro moderato, B-flat major, 6/8
  2. Gloria, Allegro, B-flat major, alla breve
    Qui tollis, Adagio, E-flat major, 3/4
    Quoniam tu solus sanctus, Molto vivace, B-flat major, common time
    In gloria Dei Patris, Presto, B-flat major, common time
  3. Credo, Vivace, B-flat major, common time
    Et incarnatus est, Adagio, G major, 3/4
    Et resurrexit, Allegro, B-flat major, common time
    Et vitum venturi, Più Allegro, B-flat major, common time
  4. Sanctus, Adagio, B-flat major, common time
    Pleni sunt coeli, Allegro, B-flat major, common time
  5. Benedictus, Allegretto, E-flat major, 6/8
  6. Agnus Dei, Adagio, G major, 3/4
    Dona nobis pacem, Allegro moderato, B-flat major, alla breve

NotesEdit

  1. ^ p. 132 (1974) Hugues
  2. ^ p. 282 (1992) Holoman
  3. ^ p. 652 (2009) Heartz

ReferencesEdit

  • Heartz (2009) Daniel. New York. Mozart, Haydn and Early Beethoven: 1781 — 1802 W. W. Norton & Co.
  • Holoman (1992) D. Kern. New York Evenings with the Orchestra: a Norton Companion for Concertgoers W. W. Norton & Co.
  • Hughes (1974) Rosemary. London. Haydn J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd

External linksEdit