Scammonden

Scammonden or Dean Head was a village close to Huddersfield, in the Dean Head Valley, England, before the valley was flooded to create Scammonden Reservoir in the 1960s. The M62 motorway crosses the dam wall and then passes through a cutting to the west over which Scammonden Bridge carries the B6114. The Chapel of St Bartholomew still exists, as does the old vicarage, which is now home to Scammonden Sailing Club.

Scammonden
St Bartholomew's Church, Deanhead, Scammonden - geograph.org.uk - 835451.jpg
St Bartholomew's Church, Dean Head, Scammonden
Scammonden is located in West Yorkshire
Scammonden
Scammonden
Location within West Yorkshire
OS grid referenceSE045155
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHUDDERSFIELD
Postcode districtHD3
Post townHALIFAX
Postcode districtHX4
Dialling code
01484
01422
PoliceWest Yorkshire
FireWest Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°38′49″N 1°54′43″W / 53.647°N 1.912°W / 53.647; -1.912Coordinates: 53°38′49″N 1°54′43″W / 53.647°N 1.912°W / 53.647; -1.912

HistoryEdit

Historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire, Scammonden or Dean Head was a township covering more than 2,000 acres. In the 1870s it had a church, a Baptist chapel, a national school, a post office and 190 houses. Industry in the village included cotton-spinning and woollen manufacture and there were freestone quarries.[1]

A motorway and dam across the Dean Head Valley was proposed in the early 1960s and work began in 1964. Most buildings in the village were demolished or submerged in the reservoir when it was filled in 1969.[2] Geologists considered the church and school would become unsafe once the dam was full. The church school closed in 1970 and is now a private residence.[3]

Below Scammonden Road is an archaeological site of a late prehistoric settlement known as Meg Dyke.[4]

GeographyEdit

Scammonden is surrounded by the moorland of the Pennines east of Blackstone Edge. About 900 acres were enclosed in 1820 but the surrounding hills are uncultivated rough pasture. Roads from Elland, Huddersfield and Manchester passed through the village.[5]

ReligionEdit

There has been a chapel in Scammonden since 1615 and the church remains active.[3] Scammonden was a chapelry in the Huddersfield ecclesiastical parish. Its old chapel was rebuilt at a cost of £1000 in 1813.[5] It was replaced by the church in 1865.[1] The church roof was replaced in 2002 with the aid of grants from English Heritage, charities and other community fundraising activities.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Scammonden West Riding, Vision of Britain, retrieved 6 March 2013
  2. ^ Scammonden Dam, Engineering Timelines, retrieved 6 March 2013
  3. ^ a b c St Bartholomew West Scammonden and Dean Head, West Scammonden, A church near you, retrieved 6 March 2013
  4. ^ "Heritage Gateway - Results". www.heritagegateway.org.uk. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  5. ^ a b Lewis, Samuel (1848), "Scammonden", A Topographical Dictionary of England, British History Online, pp. 26–30, retrieved 6 March 2013

External linksEdit

  Media related to Scammonden at Wikimedia Commons