Sayf ibn Umar
Sayf ibn Umar al-Usayyidi al-Tamimi (Arabic: سيف بن عمر) was an early Islamic historian and compiler of reports who lived in Kufa. He wrote Kitāb al-futūh al-kabīr wa 'l-ridda, which is al-Tabari's main source for the Ridda wars and early Muslim conquests. It also contains important information about the structure of early Muslim armies and government. According to al-Dhahabi, Sayf died during the reign of Harun al-Rashid (786-809).
Reliability of his narrationsEdit
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Modern Shia viewsEdit
Shia researcher Arzina Lalani suggests that Sayf is the first person who mentions Abdullah ibn Saba in his writings. His claim that a Yemeni Jew was allegedly a founder of Shia Islam, was picked on by al-Tabari. She states that his account of early Islamic history was heavily influenced by later Sunni historiography.
According to a book called Abdullah bin Saba (عبدالله بن سبا) authored by Shia researcher Murtaza Askari the 12 the most popular Rijali (someone who knows about Ilm al-Rijāl) scholars, believed Sayf was not a reliable transmitter of Hadith. They are as follows: Yahya bin Moein, Al-Nasa'i, Abu Dawood, Ibn Sakan, Abu Hatim Muhammad ibn Idris al-Razi Ibn Hibban, Al-Daraqutni, Al-Hakim Nishapuri, Firoozabadi,[who?] Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani, Al-Suyuti, and Safi Al din.[who?]
It has been recorded in Tahdib al-Kamal, that Yahya bin Moein held this view.
- Donner, Fred (1995). "Sayf B. ʿUmar". Encyclopaedia of Islam. 9 (2nd ed.). Brill Academic Publishers. pp. 102–103. ISBN 90-04-10422-4.
- "Ghadir Khumm - Islamic Studies - Oxford Bibliographies - obo". Archived from the original on 2017-08-02.
- Abdullah bin Saba(عبدالله بن سبا), by Murtaza Askari[need quotation to verify]
- Tahdib al-Kamal, Volume 25 page 101[verification needed]
- Biodata at MuslimScholars.info
- Al-Samarrai, Qasim (2000-09-19), "Sayf ibn ʿUmar and ibn Sabaʾ: A new approach", in Tudor Parfitt (ed.), Israel and Ishmael: studies in Muslim-Jewish relations, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 52–58, ISBN 978-0-312-22228-4
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