Sawran, Aleppo Governorate

Sawran (Arabic: صوران, romanizedṢawrān), also spelled Suran, Souran or Sawwaran, is a town in northern Aleppo Governorate, northwestern Syria. Located 22 kilometres (14 mi) north of the city of Aleppo, it is the administrative centre of Nahiya Sawran in Azaz District. Nearby localities include A'zaz and Kafra to the west, Ihtaimlat and Dabiq to the east and Mare' to the south. In the 2004 census, Sawran had a population of 6,988.[1] The town includes Turkmens.[2]

Sawran is located in Syria
Location of Sawran in Syria
Coordinates: 36°33′57″N 37°12′46″E / 36.5658°N 37.2128°E / 36.5658; 37.2128
Country Syria
Control Turkey
Syrian opposition Syrian Interim Government
444 m (1,457 ft)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Sawran is the administrative center of Nahiya Sawran of the Azaz District.

History Edit

Sawran's history dates back to the Iron Age when it was an Aramaean settlement in the Kingdom of Bit Adini known as "Surunu." In a military campaign against Bit Adini's king Ahuni, the Neo-Assyrian king Shalmaneser III raided and captured Surunu.[3] It later came under the rule of Assyrian king Tiglath Pileser III.[4]

During the Byzantine era in Syria, Sawran was inhabited by the Arab tribe of Tanukh. Before the Muslim conquest it served an Arab Christian center and contained a fortified monastery. During early Islamic rule, Sawran was part of Jund Qinnasrin ("Military District of Chalcis"), part of the larger Bilad al-Sham province.[5]

Syrian civil war Edit

During the Syrian civil war, the town saw two massacres of pro-opposition civilians by pro-government regular and irregular forces: on 20 May 2012 (37 civilian casualties) and on 8 February 2018 (30 civilian casualties).[6] The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) took control of the town on 31 May 2015.[7] On 16 October 2016, Turkish-backed rebels captured the town from ISIL.[8][9]

References Edit

  1. ^ a b "2004 Census Data for Nahiya Sawran, Aleppo Governorate" (in Arabic). Syrian Central Bureau of Statistics. Also available in English: UN OCHA. "2004 Census Data". Humanitarian Data Exchange.
  2. ^ Youssef, Houssein (2014). Halep Türkmen Masallarının Propp Metodu Açısından Çözümlenmesi (PDF). Ankara. p. 12. Retrieved 6 December 2022.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  3. ^ Bryce, 2009, pp. 674-675.
  4. ^ Lipinsky, 2000, pp. 210-211.
  5. ^ Shahid, 2009, p. 404.
  6. ^ Baiou, Sabrine (2021-11-29). "Under the Guise of Aid: The Far-Right French NGO Allegedly Supporting War Crimes in Syria". New Lines Institute. Retrieved 2022-09-14.
  7. ^ "Dozens reported killed in violence across Syria". Al Jazeera. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Syria conflict: Rebels 'capture' IS stronghold of Dabiq". BBC News. 2016-10-16. Retrieved 2016-10-16.
  9. ^ السيطرة على دابق تقضي على أهم ذرائع تنظيم “الدولة الإسلامية”.

Bibliography Edit