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Metropolitan Sawa in 2012.

Metropolitan Sawa, (sometimes Sabbas, secular birth name Michał Hrycuniak; born 14 April 1938 in Śniatycze) is the Archbishop of Warsaw and Metropolitan of All Poland, and hence the Primate of the Polish Orthodox Church since 1998, the second largest organized religion in Poland.[1][2] He is also a professor of theology. Previously, he was a bishop of Białystok and Gdańsk (1981–1998) and Łódź and Poznań (1979–1981).

Metropolitan Sawa in 2010
His signature


  1. ^ 43rd, Ed 2002; Limited, Europa Publications (2003-07-10). The Europa world year book. Taylor & Francis Group. p. 3394. ISBN 978-1-85743-197-1. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
  2. ^ Borowik, Irena (2003). Religions, churches and the scientific studies of religion: Poland and Ukraine. NOMOS. p. 39. ISBN 978-83-88508-41-7. Retrieved 27 July 2011.