Sawa (Hrycuniak)

Metropolitan Sawa, (sometimes Sabbas, secular birth name Michał Hrycuniak; born 14 April 1938 in Śniatycze) is the Archbishop of Warsaw and Metropolitan of All Poland, and hence the Primate of the Polish Orthodox Church since 1998, the second largest organized religion in Poland.[1][2] Sawa was a longtime associate of communist Służba Bezpieczeństwa actively working under name of TW Jurek during which he cooperated with communist authorities, leading a coordinated campaign both again individual church members and the Orthodox church itself. He supported and worked with communist government for the purpose of advancing his career within the Church. [3][4] He is also a professor of theology. Previously, he was a bishop of Białystok and Gdańsk (1981–1998) and Łódź and Poznań (1979–1981).

Sawa (Hrycuniak)
Archbishop of Warsaw and Metropolitan of All Poland
Metropolita Sawa (Hrycuniak).jpg
ChurchPolish Orthodox Church
Personal details
Born(1938-04-14)April 14, 1938
SignatureSawa (Hrycuniak)'s signature
Metropolitan Sawa in 2010.


  1. ^ 43rd, Ed 2002; Limited, Europa Publications (2003-07-10). The Europa world year book. Taylor & Francis Group. p. 3394. ISBN 978-1-85743-197-1. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
  2. ^ Borowik, Irena (2003). Religions, churches and the scientific studies of religion: Poland and Ukraine. NOMOS. p. 39. ISBN 978-83-88508-41-7. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
  3. ^ Past of Archbishop Sawa. Rzeczpospolia. Jan. 13, 2009 [1]
  4. ^ Krzysztofiński, Mariusz (2008). W kręgu "Bizancjum". Kościół prawosławny w Polsce po 1944 r. Aparat Represji w Polsce Ludowej 1944-1989, Issue 1(6) (2008) (PDF). Institute of National Remembrance. pp. 79–153. ISSN 1733-6996.
Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by Metropolitan of Poland
Preceded by Bishop of Białystok and Gdańsk
Succeeded by
Preceded by Bishop of Łódź and Poznań
Succeeded by