Open main menu

Save the Manatee (SMC) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit group and membership organization dedicated to the conservation of manatees.[1] The organization was founded in 1981 by singer and songwriter Jimmy Buffett, and Governor of Florida (and later U.S. Senator) Bob Graham.[2] There are currently about 40,000 active members of SMC.

Save the Manatee Club
Save the Manatee Club Logo
Type501(c)(3) non-profit EIN: 59-3131709
PurposeThe recovery of the manatee species as defined by the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973.
  • Maitland, Florida, USA
Board of Directors
Jimmy Buffett (Co-Chair)

Helen Spivey (Co-Chair)
Dr. Daryl Domning (Secretary)
Dr. Joseph Siry (Treasurer)
Matt Clemons
Dan Hendrickson

Dr. Roger L. Reep

Save the Manatee Club raises funds from the Adopt-A-Manatee program to go toward public awareness and education projects, manatee research, rescue and rehabilitation efforts, and advocacy and legal action to ensure better protection for manatees and their habitat.[3] The Club has also assisted state and federal governments with research projects in Florida such as aerial surveys, seagrass studies, telemetry studies, manatee photo identification projects, population modeling and the compilation of over twenty years of research on the population of Blue Spring manatees.[4]


International effortsEdit

Save the Manatee Club provides funds, supplies, and other essential equipment to Wildtracks, Belize's only manatee rehabilitation facility. SMC has assisted the Puerto Rico Manatee Conservation Center in raising critical funds needed to repair damage sustained by Hurricane Maria. They also partner with villages in Nigeria, part of the West African manatee’s habitat, providing funding and collaborating with villagers to develop an alternative livelihoods program that provides manatee poachers with a sustainable and legal alternative to taking manatees. Additionally, SMC helps the Caribbean Stranding Network in Puerto Rico provide care for orphaned and injured manatees.

Stated core valuesEdit

  1. Supporting the most effective conservation actions possible
  2. Making science-based decisions and supporting science-driven policies
  3. Demanding accountability from policy-makers
  4. Working cooperatively


Save the Manatee Club's membership program is called Adopt-A-Manatee. This program was conceived by Jimmy Buffett in 1984 as a way to increase awareness of the manatee's plight and to get the public involved in their conservation. Today, people can adopt a manatee and become a member of SMC for as little as $25 USD. Currently, the Club has 34 living manatees with known histories available for adoption as well as three memorial adoptions for manatees that have died.[5] The proceeds from this program go toward public awareness and education programs; manatee research, rescue and rehabilitation efforts; and advocacy and legal action to ensure better protection for manatees and their habitat.[6]


On behalf of Save Crystal River, Inc., Pacific Legal Foundation (PLF) petitioned the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) to downlist the West Indian Manatee (trichechus manatus) from an endangered to threatened species. PLF contends that FWS has a legal duty, under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), to implement this reclassification, because the species no longer qualifies as endangered.[7]

On March 30, 2017, FWS issued its final rule to downgrade the status of the West Indian manatee from endangered to threatened under the ESA. The rule affects both the Florida and Antillean subspecies and was pursued despite strong scientific and legal evidence that shows the downlisting of manatees is not warranted at this time. SMC believes the FWS decision failed to adequately consider data from 2010 to 2016, during which time manatees suffered from unprecedented mortality events linked to habitat pollution, dependence on artificial warm water sources, and record deaths from watercraft strikes.[8] SMC is currently active in opposing the downlisting.

According to the FWS the criteria that need to be meet in order to add a species to the endangered species list, and to keep them there are: 1. the present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range; 2. overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes; 3. disease or predation; 4. the inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; 5. other natural or man-made factors affecting its survival.[9] Any one of these conditions is adequate to add a species to the list. However, manatees, and the Florida manatee in particular, are still at substantial risk from habitat loss and motorboat accidents. Additionally, a red tide outbreak at the beginning of 2016 and throughout 2018, and a shortage of FWS personnel to appropriately enforce its regulations regarding endangered species, put the manatee at even greater risk.


  1. ^ "Jimmy Buffett Continues to do Good with 'Save the Manatee'". Skope Magazine. February 7, 2009. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  2. ^ "About SMC". Save the Manatee Club. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Save the Manatee Club Gulf Base
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Case - The Feds must follow their own scientific finding - and "downlist" the manatee - Pacific Legal Foundation". Retrieved 2017-06-29.
  8. ^ "Highly Controversial Federal Action Puts Manatees in Harm's Way". Retrieved 2017-06-29.
  9. ^ "U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service" (PDF). January 2015. Retrieved 15 February 2016.

External linksEdit