Satya Harishchandra (1943 film)

Satya Harishchandra is a 1943 Indian Kannada film directed by R. Nagendra Rao. It stars Subbaiah Naidu, Lakshmibai and Rao in the lead roles. The music of the film was composed by R. Sudarshanam. The film was successful at the box office and ran for 100 days in Dharwad.[1] The movie was dubbed in Tamil making it the first Kannada movie to be dubbed in other language.[2]

Satya Harishchandra
1943 Kannada film Satya Harischandra advertisement.png
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Directed byR. Nagendra Rao
Screenplay byR. Nagendra Rao
Produced byA. V. Meiyappan
R. Nagendra Rao
StarringSubbaiah Naidu
R. Nagendra Rao
CinematographyP. V. Krishna Iyer
Edited byM. V. Raman
Music byR. Sudarshanam
Distributed byFamous Talkie Distributors
Release date
  • 28 May 1943 (1943-05-28)
Running time
119 minutes



The music of the film was composed by R. Sudarsanam with lyrics for the soundtracks penned by Gamiki Ramakrishna Sastry.

1."Kaamadhenu Namipena"Gamiki Ramakrishna SastryKamala Bai 
2."Paahi Shubhacharithe"Gamiki Ramakrishna SastryRaja Iyengar 
3."Sadaa Sukhee"Gamiki Ramakrishna SastryLakshmi Bai 
4."Shanthiye Jeevana"Gamiki Ramakrishna SastryRaja Iyengar 

Production and releaseEdit

Film producer A. V. Meiyappan went to his hometown of Karaikudi after the success of his 1941 Tamil film Sabapathy due to apprehensions surrounding bombing of Madras by the Japanese with the World War II on. He returned to Madras and began the production of Satya Harishchandra as a joint venture with the theatre troupe SSS Natakamandali. R. Nagendra Rao was roped in to direct and A. T. Krishnaswamy as the assistant director.[3] The cast included Subbaiah Naidu playing the role of the Harischandra, Lakshmibai as Chandramathi; Rao, J. V. Krishnamurthy Rao, M. G. Marirao, Kamalabai and Narasimhan. Musician B. S. Raja Iyengar made his acting debut playing Narada.[4] The edited length of the film was restricted to 11,000 feet (3,400 m) due to wartime regulation of raw stock. It was released on 28 May 1943.[5] The film was a commercial success.

The film was dubbed into Tamil and released as Harishchandra on 6 January 1944. It was the first Indian film to be dubbed into another language. A. T. Krishnaswamy wrote the dialogues for the Tamil film while R. Nagendra Rao helped him with the words that would match the artistes' lip movement. V. S. Raghavan was the pioneering sound engineer who dubbed the film.[3][6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Satya Harischandra 100 days in Dharwad". Chitraloka. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
  2. ^ R, Shilpa Sebastian (19 December 2019). "2019: The year when Kannada cinema went national". The Hindu.
  3. ^ a b Pillai, Swarnavel Eswaran (2015). Madras Studios: Narrative, Genre, and Ideology in Tamil Cinema. India: SAGE Publications. pp. 107–108. ISBN 978-93-5150-121-3.
  4. ^ ""Harischandra"". The Indian Express. 29 May 1943. p. 4. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  5. ^ "Gala Release To-day". The Indian Express. 28 May 1943. p. 6. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  6. ^ Guy, Randor (16 November 2007). "Harischandra 1944". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 10 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2017.

External linksEdit