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Saturnia pyri, the giant peacock moth, also called the great peacock moth, giant emperor moth, or Viennese emperor, is a Saturniid moth which is native to Europe. It is the largest European moth, with a wingspan reaching 15–20 cm.

Giant peacock moth
Saturnia pyri.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Saturniidae
Genus: Saturnia
Species: S. pyri
Binomial name
Saturnia pyri
  • Bombyx pyri [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775

In French it is called Grand paon de nuit.

The giant peacock moth has a range that includes the Iberian Peninsula, southern France, northern Hungary, central and southern Serbia, Croatia, southern and eastern Bulgaria, southern Greece southern Turkey,western Syria, north Israel, southern Romania, Russia, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Macedonia and Italy and extends into Siberia and north Africa. It is absent from the UK, though a small handful of individuals have been recorded, likely of captive origin.[1]

Additional imagesEdit

Giant peacock moth on Arum by Vincent van gogh, 1889.


  1. ^ "Hants Moths". Retrieved 15 Sep 2014. 

External linksEdit