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Satpura National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Satpura1.jpg
View of Satpura hills
Map showing the location of Satpura National Park
Map showing the location of Satpura National Park
Location within Madhya Pradesh
Location Hoshangabad, Madhya Pradesh, India
Nearest city Pipariya
Coordinates 22°29′42″N 78°13′52″E / 22.495°N 78.231°E / 22.495; 78.231Coordinates: 22°29′42″N 78°13′52″E / 22.495°N 78.231°E / 22.495; 78.231[1]
Area 524 km2 (202 sq mi)
Established 1981

Satpura National Park is located in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh in India. Its name is derived from the Satpura range. It covers an area of 524 km2 (202 sq mi). Satpura National Park, along with the adjoining Bori and Pachmarhi wildlife sanctuaries, provides 2,200 km2 (850 sq mi) of unique central Indian highland ecosystem. It was set up in 1981.

The terrain of the national park is extremely rugged and consists of sandstone peaks, narrow gorges, ravines and dense forests. The altitude ranges from 300 to 1,352 metres (984 to 4,436 ft). It has Dhoopgarh peak as high as 1,350 metres (4,430 ft) and the almost level plains of Churna.

The nearest town to the national park is Pachmarhi and the nearest rail-head is Piparia 55 kilometres (34 mi) away. The state capital Bhopal is 210 kilometres (130 mi) away.

Satpura National Park is very rich in biodiversity. The animals here include leopard, sambar, chital, Indian muntjac, nilgai, four-horned antelope, Chinkara, wild boar, bear, black buck, fox, porcupine, flying squirrel, mouse deer, and Indian giant squirrel. There are a variety of birds. Hornbills and peafowl are common birds found here. The flora consists of mainly sal, teak, tendu, Phyllanthus emblica, mahua, bel, bamboo, and grasses and medicinal plants.

Indian leopard in Satpura National Park

In previous years, there have been sightings of tigers, dholes, Indian gaur and barasingha, although these are rare.[2]

Pandav Caves Pachmarhi

Contents

Reintroduction of barasingha and transferring tigersEdit

Some barasingha will be relocated here from Kanha National Park. There is a project to capture about 20 Bengal tigers and relocate them from Kanha National Park.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Satpura National Park". protectedplanet.net. 
  2. ^ National Council of Educational Research and Training. "Science: Textbook for Class VIII". Publication Department, 2010, p. 83.
  3. ^ Reintroduction of Barasingha: Kanha National Park – Satpura Tiger Reserve Archived 21 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine.

External linksEdit