Saswad About this soundpronunciation  is a city and a municipal council in the Pune district of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Saswad is situated on the banks of Karha River. Saswad is just about 31 km from Pune Station.

Saswad
city
Saswad is located in Maharashtra
Saswad
Saswad
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°33′N 74°00′E / 18.55°N 74.00°E / 18.55; 74.00Coordinates: 18°33′N 74°00′E / 18.55°N 74.00°E / 18.55; 74.00
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictPUNE
Elevation767 m (2,516 ft)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total78,521
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMH-12

HistoryEdit

Saswad is a place with a long history. It is situated on the ancient trade route connecting the coastal Konkan ports to the Deccan interiors.Being on trade route made it a center for Buddhist monasteries.[2] The samadhi or the resting place of the 13th century Varkari Sant Sopan is located in the town. The annual Alandi to Pandharpur Wari of Dnyaneshwar Palkhi stops in the town. Later it was known as the town at the foot of historic Purandar fort. The first Peshwa from the Bhat family, Balaji Vishwanath had his base in the town. His son, Bajirao I moved his base in 1720 to Pune and turned that place into a large city.[3] Bajirao's family built the Sangameshwar temple in the 1720s.[4] During the 18th century, Saswad was the seat of the Purandare family, hereditary knights of the Peshwa. The family's now crumbling palatial mansion was an imposing sight during the late peshwa era.[5]

In the 20th century, socialist leader Marathi writer and filmmaker Aacharya Atre was born there. He was one of the leaders of the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement. His series of books on the movement. viz. Karheche Pani कऱ्हेचे पाणी created undisputed place in the history of Marathi language.

 
Sangameshwar temple in 1813 by British artist Robert Melville Grindlay. The Purandare palace can be seen in the background

DemographicsEdit

As of 2019, Saswad had a population of 78,521. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Saswad has an average literacy rate of 85%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 90%, and female literacy was 80%. In Saswad, 12% of the population was under 6.

GeographyEdit

Given its proximity to Pune, Saswad may become part of Pune metropolitan area. The town is just 25 km away from Pune city and 20 minutes from Hadapsar. The Eotte (Royal Purandar) city that is under construction is 10 km from Saswad and Magarpatta City, Amannora Tower City are 25 km from Saswad. Saswad offers many apartments and shopping complexes. Saswad is the base for visitors to nearby Khandoba temple at Jejuri, the ek-mukhi Datta temple at Narayanpur and the historic Purandar fort. It is mentioned as the residence of Peshwa Bajirao in the TV soap Peshwa Bajirao.

TransportEdit

Pune city buses (PMPML) run services to Saswad from Hadapsar, Swargate and Pune Train Station. The town has its own ST depot to long distance destinations.

Saswad is close to Jejuri railway station with services to Pune and to destinations south such as Miraj.

Pune airport is 50-60 min(via Kharadi bypass) away.

EducationEdit

Saswad has educational institutions that cater for the needs of different ages and sections of the society. Eight schools are run by the municipal council, many privately run primary and secondary schools that offering instruction in Marathi and English, and Christian mission run schools offering instruction in English. The town hosts colleges offering degree level courses. An ITI offers vocational training.

SchoolsEdit

  • Kanya prashala
  • M.E.S Waghire high school (म.ए.सो.वाघीरे विद्यालय)
  • Purandar high school
  • Shivaji English Medium
  • Gurukul primary school
  • Bachpan primary school
  • St. Joseph English medium

CollegesEdit

  • Purandar engineering college
  • Shivaji D'ed college
  • Waghire College of Arts, Commerce and Science[6]
  • Purandar college
  • Sheth Govind Raghunath Sabale college of Pharmacy- Saswad

Tourist PlacesEdit

IndustryEdit

Due to improvement in transport, many Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation industrial parks are around Pune (Pimpri-Chinchwad MIDC, Chakan MIDC, Ranjangaon MIDC and Jejuri MIDC are close enough for commuting from Saswad.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Sasvad, India". www.fallingrain.com. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  2. ^ Kantak, M.R., 1991. Urbanization of Pune: How Its Ground Was Prepared. Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute, 51, pp.489-495.
  3. ^ Kosambi, Meera (1989). "Glory of Peshwa Pune". Economic and Political Weekly. 24 (5): 247.
  4. ^ Sohoni, A., 1998. Temple architecture of the Marathas in Maharashtra.
  5. ^ Wright, Colin. "View of Sassoor in the Deccan, drawn in 1813". www.bl.uk. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  6. ^ http://pdeawcsaswad.edu.in/, Waghire College Website. http://pdeawcsaswad.edu.in/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ Sasvad">Choudhari, K.K. (15 June 1991). Gazetteer of Bombay Presidency-Poona District. Bombay: Govt. Of Maharashtra. Retrieved 29 October 2020.

External linksEdit