Sarojini Naidu Medical College
|सरोजिनी नायडू चिकित्सा महाविद्यालय|
|Motto||LIVE TO SERVE|
|Type||State Medical College|
|Principal||Prof. (Dr.) Saroj Singh|
|Location||Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Affiliations||Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, Agra|
Sarojini Naidu Medical College (SNMC), is one of the three oldest medical schools of India. It is located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh state. It is named after the first lady Governess of Uttar Pradesh, poet and freedom fighter, Bharat Kokila Smt. Sarojini Naidu. SNMC is one of India's premier medical college. The college has the hospital attached to it named Sarojini Naidu Hospital. Institute provides both outdoor and indoor tertiary level health care facilities to patients through its well equipped hospital infrastructure. There are a total of 976 beds in various departments and an Out Patient Department with numerous functional specialty clinics. S. N. Medical College & Hospital, Agra provides tertiary level specialized health care services not only to people of urban and rural areas from Agra but also to the patients approaching from surrounding states of Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh and adjacent districts of Mathura, Firozabad, Etawah, Jhansi and Bharatpur. FLAMES is the inter college literary, cultural and sports festival which is held every year in the month of December. This week-long festival is the epitome of camaraderie and bonhomie among medical students and provides them with the perfect platform to showcase their creative pursuits.
Institution is situated in Agra. Agra, an historical city is famous for its monuments of archeological importance, the major among which are Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. The antiquity of Agra goes back to the prehistoric days and is said to have been associated with relics of Krishna, Kansa and Mahabharata. The name ‘Agra’ was coined after name of great saint Aangirus, but it was developed mainly during the reign of Emperor Akbar during the Mughal reign.
S. N. Medical College itself is honored with the prestige of being one of the first three Medical Schools of the country, being established in year 1854, during the reign of British Empire. The history of this institute in face runs parallel with the evolution and development of Medical Education in the State of Uttar Pradesh. Lt. Governor Sir James Thomson was the founder of this school, who laid the foundation stone in year 1854. It was then named after him as Thomson School, and the main objective of its establishment was to produce Medical Assistants and training the Doctors for working in Indian Army, and to look after the health of Military personnel. The East India Company first made the plans of the school and the maintenance cost was also borne by it. The hospital attached to the Agra Medical School since 1854 was known as the Thompson Hospital.
The first batch of Indian doctors passed out from the Medical School in 1857, when India was vigorously engaged in its struggle of freedom.
The first Principal of this School was Surgeon John Murray' (1854–58), and at that time rest of the staff of school consisted of two European Assistant Surgeons and two Indian Sub-assistant Surgeons.
From 1872 onwards, civilian students were also started being admitted to the L.M.P. Course, which was later changed into L.S.M.F. by the U.P. State Medical Faculty.
In 1883, a separate section for the training of the female students was established at the Lady Lyall Duuerin Hospital and the first batch consisting of four female students was admitted. This was abolished in 1942 and amalgamated with the Medical College. The newly added wards were named after the Principals of those times. Hilson ward was added to the Thomson Hospital in the year 1886. It was named after the name of Lt. Col. A. J. Hilson, who remained as Principal of the Medical School from 1876 to 1887. Massive expansion of the school took place in 1892 when a new Operation Theatre, Outpatients Department and Willcocks ward were added to the hospital buildings.
There used to be a single storied centrally situated building with carved curved arches and minarets. This building initially acted as the examination hall and a hall for holding the annual school functions. Subsequently it was utilized as the Medical School Library. This building even today houses the Central Library of the Medical College, of course, after having undergone some changes. Today this Central Library building stands sand-witched between the newer multistoried building complexes of the Medical College.
During the years 1904 to 1906 further expansion of the school buildings was done. The old Lecture Theatre I (does not exist today), Lukas ward, old Pathology Department Building and old Dissection Hall were added. Total number of students at that time in Agra Medical School was 300, with 80 lady students in the lady Lyoll Hospital. The minimum qualification for admission was School Leaving Certificate.
Year 1939 was an important time for Agra Medical School, when it was upgraded to full-fledged Medical College for meeting the growing demands for qualified Doctors in the then United Provinces. The College then started awarding degree of M.B.B.S. of Agra University (now Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University) at the initiative of Smt. Vijay Laxmi Pandit, the then State Minister of Health. Lt. Col. J.C. Bharucha, IMS, was the Principal at the time of change over, and first batch of M.B.B.S. doctors passed out in the year 1944.
In 1947, the Medical College was renamed as Sarojini Naidu Medical College after the name of first Lady Governess of Uttar Pradesh, poet and freedom fighter, Bharat Kokila Smt. Dr. Sarojini Naidu. The name of the Thomson Hospital was also changed to Sarojini Naidu Hospital after attainment of independence. This college, soon after its inception, was recognized by the Medical Council of India in 1948 and the General Medical Council of Great Britain. The first batch of postgraduate M.D./M.S. students passed out in 1948.
Sarojini Naidu Medical College has an attached hospital with the name of Sarojini Naidu Hospital, which has indoor sections having 976 beds, with an admission of about 35,000 patients every year, and an outdoor section treating about 3,00,000 patients per annul.
Undergraduate courses MBBS (medical school degree, equivalent to Doctor of Medicine or MD in some countries)
- MS - Human Anatomy, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, Surgery
- MD - Forensic Medicine, Pharmacology, Human Physiology, Microbiology, Pathology, SPM, Anesthesiology, Skin and VD, Medicine, Pediatrics, Radio Diagnosis, Psychiatry, Radiotherapy, TB and Chest Diseases
Postgraduate Diplomas - Pharmacy, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Pediatrics, ENT, Ophthalmology, Radio diagnosis, Psychiatry, Radiotherapy, TB and Chest Diseases
Entry to this institute is highly competitive, with admission offered to less than the top 1% of applicants. The medical college entrance examination for SNMC is through a common pre-medical test (CPMT) of Uttar Pradesh(85%), admissions to the rest of the 15% seats is through AIPMT.
In August 2014, the Government of India has decided to upgrade the institute on lines of All India Institute of Medical Sciences as part of phase-3 of Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) whereby the Central Government will bear 80% of the cost of up gradation and 20% cost will be borne by State Government.
This college has had a tradition of having eminent clinicians and senior army personnel as its Principals. It was due to these able men that this medical college was able to weather the stages of its infancy and develop into a robust institution comparable with the best in the country. Following is the list of the different Principals of the Agra Medical School from its cradle upwards :
- Surgeon John Murray, IMS (1854–1858)
- Surgeon G. R. Playfair, IMS (1858–1868)
- Major A. Christinson, IMS (1868–1876)
- Lieutenant-Colonel A. J. Hilson, IMS (1876–1887)
- Lieutenant-Colonel A. J. Willcocks, IMS (1887–1897)
- Lieutenant-Colonel C. P. Lukis, IMS (1897–1899, 1902–1905)
- Lieutenant-Colonel J. Anderson, IMS (1899–1902)
- Major G. T. Birdwood, IMS (1905–1909)
- Major H. Austin Smith, IMS (1909–1912)
- Lieutenant-Colonel E. J. O'Meara, OBE, IMS (1912–1920)
- Lieutenant-Colonel A. W. R. Cochrane, IMS (1920–1921)
- Major M. A. Rehman, IMS (1921–1928)
- Lieutenant-Colonel R. C. McWatters, IMS (1928–1929)
- Lieutenant-Colonel A. Cameron, OBE, IMS (1929–1930)
- Captain D. P. Bhargava, IMS (1930–1932)
- Rai Bahadur, Dr. R. S. Srivastava, PMS (1932–1935)
The Principals of this institute since the time of its upgrading from the medical school into medical college are as follows:
- Lieutenant-Colonel J. C. Bharucha, IMS (1935–1941)
- Major-General H. C. Buckley, CSI, IMS (1941–1946)
- Dr. G. N. Vyas, MD, MRCP, PMS (1946–1948)
- Dr. H. N. Bhatt, FRCS, DMRE, PMS (1948–1957, 1959–1960)
- Dr. Prem Nath Wahi (1957–1959, 1960–1968)
- Dr. Inderjest Singh (1968–1969)
- Dr. T. C. Gupta, MD, PhD. (1969–1973)
- Dr. Nawal Kishore, MS, FACS (1973–1974)
- Dr. B. B. Sharma, MD, MA (Toronto) (1974–1977, 1979–1980)
- Dr. S. R. Kapur, MD (1977–1979)
- Dr. S. S. Mishra MD (1981–1984)
- Dr. Y. P. Singh, MS, DOMS (1 April to 23 May 1984)
- Dr. D. N. Prasad MD. (28 May to 30 November 1984)
- Dr. C. D. Gupta MS. (December 1984 to March 1986)
- Dr. V. B. Sahai MD. (March 1986 to May 1990)
- Dr. S. C. Gupta MD. (May 1990 to July 1991)
- Dr. Hari Gautam MS, FRCS (August 1990 to 1995)
- Dr. (Mrs.) V. L. Lahiri (1995–1997)
- Dr. A. S. Sachan (1997–1998)
- S. C. Sahu, MS (1998–2000)
- Dr. Veena Mishra, MS (2000–2002)
- Dr. V. K. Jain, DM (2002–2003)
- Dr. G. U. Qureshi, MD (2003)
- Dr. Deoki Nandan, MD (30 December 2003 to 28 February 2007)
- Dr. Ved Prakash Shrotriya, MD (1 March to 30 July 2007)
- Dr. N. C. Prajapati, MD (9 August 2007 to August 2009)
- Prof. A. K. Gupta (August to 26 December 2009)
- Prof. Saudan Singh (26 December 2009 to 12 April 2010)
- Prof. K. K. Gupta (12 April 2010 to 28 April 2011)
- Prof. Dharam Singh (28 April 2011 to 30 September 2011)
- Dr. N. C. Prajapati (1 October 2011 to 12 October 2012)
- Prof. (Dr.) R. K. Singh, MS (ENT) (13 October 2012 to ???)
- Prof. (Dr.) Ajay Agrawal, M. D. (??? to 12 August 2015)
Notable faculty and AlumniEdit
A significant percentage of its alumni are currently working in the United States, United Kingdom (almost 20% graduates) and other countries (Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Middle East etc.), and many others in India.
- Prof(Dr.) Saroj Chooramani Gopal. Dr Gopal graduated from the SN Medical College, Agra in 1966 and completed MS in General Surgery from the same institution in 1969. Thereafter she did her MCh in Pediatric Surgery from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi in 1973, becoming the first woman pediatric surgeon in the country. She served on the teaching faculty of the Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi from 1973 to 2008. She also served this institution in the capacity of Medical Superintendent of the hospital and Dean, Faculty of Modern Medicine. B. C. Roy National Awarded. She also served as vice chancellor of The Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University, Lucknow. Currently she is professor of Pediatric Surgery, IMS BHU.
- Dr. Daya Kishore Hazra, former Dean of the Indian College of Physicians, discoverer of the synthesis of the T3, and TSH hormones, nominee for the Nobel Prize(1977). He is a former HOD of the Medicine department and was instrumental in the establishment of the Nuclear Medicine department and the Gamma camera. In 2014, he was honored with the Padma Shri.
- Dr. Hari Shankar Asopa, Surgeon, writer of the book on surgery. He graduated in 1957 from S. N. Medical College, Agra which is one of the oldest Medical Colleges of India. He stood 1st in final MBBS examination at Agra University which, then, also included the Medical Colleges or Indore and Gwalior and was awarded several medals including the Chancellors medal. He also did postgraduation in General Surgery from the same University in 1964. Prof. Asopa invented a one-stage operation for hypospadias using transverse prepucial skin tube which was published in 1971 and accepted rapidly by surgeons world over. He further devised two more operations popularly known as ASOPA II (vascularised double island) published in 1984 and "ASOPA-90 VERSION". Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University, Agra, also conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Science in 1995. B. C. Roy National Awarded.
- Prof.(Dr.) Nawal Kishore, great gynecologist
- Prof.(Dr.) R S Dayal, Pediatrician. credited with starting the pediatric department of the medical college. Great academician and a much respected teacher.
- Dr. Lalit Kumar, medical oncologist and the Professor and Head of the Medical Oncology Department at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) , New Delhi.
- Javed Agrewala, molecular biologist, Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar laureate
- "Journal of Obesity and Metabolic Research". Journal of Obesity and Metabolic Research. 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- "Padma 2014". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- "Cure Panel". Cure Panel. 2014. Retrieved 4 November 2014.