Saraswati Mandir

Saraswati Mandir, also known as Sarika Sadan or Narmad House, is a writer's house museum in Surat, Gujarat, India. It was built by Gujarati poet Narmad in 1866. In 2015, the house was renovated and converted into museum and memorial house dedicated to Narmad.

Saraswati Mandir
Saraswati Mandir 1933.png
Saraswati Mandir in 1933
Saraswati Mandir is located in Gujarat
Saraswati Mandir
Location within Gujarat
Former name
Sarika Sadan, Narmad Nivas
Established24 August 2015 (2015-08-24)
LocationAmliran, Surat, Gujarat, India
Coordinates21°11′42″N 72°49′40″E / 21.194928°N 72.827817°E / 21.194928; 72.827817Coordinates: 21°11′42″N 72°49′40″E / 21.194928°N 72.827817°E / 21.194928; 72.827817
Typewriter's house museum, historic site
ArchitectNarmad
OwnerSurat Municipal Corporation

HistoryEdit

Narmad lived at Surat and he bought land opposite his ancestral house in Amliran street[1] in Gopipura neighbourhood of Surat at the cost of 600 (US$8.40). He started construction of new house along with renovation of old one in January 1866 which was completed in September 1866.[2] He named it Saraswati Mandir and used it for writing and research. The construction of house exacerbated his financial problem.

The house was later purchased by Jatashankar Trivedi. Subsequently, it was purchased by Gajendrashankar Lalshankar Pandya as his eldest daughter Sarika insisted to purchase it.[3] He expanded the house and constructed extension in the southern one-third part and added tin roof above the house. He renamed it Sarika Sadan after the name of his eldest daughter.[3][4] After his death, his wife Kailash continued to reside there.[5] They wanted to sell the house but the local residents and Narmad's fans opposed and wanted it to be converted into museum or library.[6] The Surat Municipal Corporation purchased it and handed over it to Kavi Narmad Yugavart Trust which was dedicated to publication and preservation of works of Narmad, on 24 August 1992, the birth anniversary of Narmad. They partially restored and converted it into memorial but later handed it back to Surat Municipal Corporation. The house stayed neglected[7] until some renovation in 2010s.[6]

The Surat Municipal Corporation started renovation, restoration and preservation of house to its original form in 2014.[1] They removed the extension and replaced decayed wooden parts, roof and flooring.[8] The renovated house was converted into museum and articles and information about Narmad's life, family and works are put on display. The ground floor has the bust of Narmad. It also houses his books and some furniture used by him. The project cost 35 lakh (US$49,000).[8][3]

The museum was opened to public on 24 August 2015, 182nd birth anniversary of Narmad.[8][4]

ReplicaEdit

The replica of Sarika Sadan was constructed at the Veer Narmad South Gujarat University at the cost of 1.5 crore (US$210,000) and named Narmad Smriti Bhavan. It was also opened on 24 August 2015.[3] It houses handwritten manuscripts and some belongings of Narmad.[9]

ArchitectureEdit

The original single storeyed house was spread in an area of 102 square metres (1,100 sq ft).[1] It had framework made of wood and the walls made of bricks. The walls were plastered with limestone. Its floor was tiled with Kota stone with shiny finish. It had sloped roof with Mangalore tiles.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Kavi Narmad's house to regain glory". The Times of India. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  2. ^ Dave, Narmadashanker Lalshanker (1994). Ramesh M. Shukla (ed.). Mari Hakikat (in Gujarati) (1 ed.). Surat: Kavi Narmad Yugavart Trust. p. 67. Archived from the original on 25 October 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Tv9 Gujarati (23 August 2015), Surat: Kavi Narmad's house regains glory - Tv9 Gujarati, retrieved 23 July 2017
  4. ^ a b S9 NEWS - GUJARAT (24 August 2015), Surat Smc Kavi Narmad Home Opening, retrieved 23 July 2017
  5. ^ Bhairvi Pandya (16 April 2016), Kavi Narmad's home "Saraswati Mandir" in Surat- historic renovation commentary by Dr Deepak Pandya, retrieved 23 July 2017
  6. ^ a b "Kavi Narmad's house lies in shambles". OneIndia. 25 August 2008. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  7. ^ Mehta, Deepak. "અરે એ તે ક્યારે, ભસમ સહુ થઈ જાય પછીથી?" [When? After all destroyed?]. Mumbai Samachar (in Gujarati). Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d "Narmad house thrown open to public". The Times of India. 18 January 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  9. ^ "VNSGU to build a real size replica of poet Narmad's house". DeshGujarat. 25 August 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2017.

External linksEdit