Sapranthus palanga

Sapranthus palanga, commonly known as palanca, is a species of cauliflorous tree in the family Annonaceae, native to the tropical regions of Central America, especially Costa Rica.

Sapranthus palanga
Mature Sapranthus Palanga.jpg
Sapranthus palanga at anthesis
Young Sapranthus Palanga.jpg
Sapranthus palanga in preanthesis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Annonaceae
Genus: Sapranthus
Species:
S. palanga
Binomial name
Sapranthus palanga
R.E.Fr.

This species was recently separated from Sapranthus violaceus, on the basis of cauliflory (flowers emerging from the side of stem instead of shoots).[1]

The flowers are dark purple when mature and emit amines such as putrescine and cadaverine which mimic the smell of a rotting carcass to attract target pollinating agents such as flies.

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ Schatz 2018

ReferencesEdit

  • Schatz, G.E (2018): Revision of the Neotropical genus Sapranthus (Annonaceae) PDF fulltext
  • Zamora, N.1999. Annonaceae. En Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden- Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad- Museo Nacional de Costa Rica.