Sapotskin (Belarusian: Сапоцкін, Lithuanian: Sapackinė, Russian: Сопоцкин, Polish: Sopoćkinie, Yiddish: סאַפּעטקין, romanizedSapetkin) is a small town in Belarus, 27 km (16.8 mi) north-west of Hrodna with circa 2,000 inhabitants. Sapotskin became one of the centers of the Polish minority in Belarus. It is the only town in Belarus where the Polish population, consisting of the majority, was allowed to use bilingual street signs.

Sapotskin
Сапоцкін
Sopoćkinie • סאַפּעטקין
Сапоцкін. Касцёл Ушэсця Дзевы Марыі.jpg
Official seal of Sapotskin
Sapotskin is located in Belarus
Sapotskin
Sapotskin
Coordinates: 53°50′N 23°39′E / 53.833°N 23.650°E / 53.833; 23.650
Country Belarus
RegionGrodno Region
DistrictGrodno District
Established1560
Area
 • Total3.736 km2 (1.442 sq mi)
Elevation
203 m (666 ft)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total977[1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (FET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (not observed)
Area code(s)+375 152

HistoryEdit

 
Synagogue in 1936.

Within the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Sapotskin was part of Trakai Voivodeship. In 1795, Sapotskin was acquired by the Kingdom of Prussia as a result of the Third Partition of Poland and incorporated into the New East Prussia Province.

From 1807 until 1815, Sapotskin was part of Lomza Department of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw.

In 1815, Sapotskin was acquired by the Russian Empire. Within the Russian Empire, the town was successively part of Augustow Voivodeship (1815-1837), Augustow Governorate (1837-1867) and Suwałki Governorate (1867-1915) before German occupation between 1915 and 1918.

From 1921 until 1939, Sapotskin was part of the Second Polish Republic. It was a gmina centre in the Augustow powiat of Białystok Voivodeship.

In September 1939, Sapotskin was occupied by the Red Army and, on 14 November 1939, incorporated into the Byelorussian SSR. The area became part of the Belastok Region of the Byelorussian SSR, with Sapotskin as a regional centre.

On 22 June 1941, the Germans invaded the Soviet Union and set fire to Sapotskin. The Jewish population at that time was around 1300, and the Germans ordered them to dig mass graves and bury the hundreds of dead from the shelling and fire, both Jewish and non-Jewish. The Germans then asked local Poles to identify Jewish collaborators with the Soviet occupation. The Poles gave them a long list, some of whom had nothing to do with the Soviet regime, including the local rabbi and other community leaders, and those Jews were executed. After that, surviving Jews were confined to a seriously overcrowded and unsanitary ghetto. Those conditions, plus the lack of clean water, led to an outbreak of cholera. In 1942, many Jewish men were sent to labor camps, older and sick Jews were sent to an unknown place and executed, and in November, those remaining were taking to the Kielbasin transit camp. From there, about a month later, then were sent to the Grodno ghetto and then, in January 1943, to Auschwitz where almost all were murdered. Only a few Sapotskin Jews survived the Holocaust, including those protected by the Falejczyk and Bykowski families who were later named by Yad Vashem as Righteous Among the Nations.[2]

A memorial book[3] about the town's Jewish shtetl was translated into English.[4]

During the German occupation, Sapotskin was administered as a part of Bezirk Bialystok. Sapotskin was liberated by the Red Army on 18 July 1944. The town became a regional centre of Grodno Region.

Old photographs of the town have been collected.[5]

NotablesEdit

AttractionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Численность населения на 1 января 2018 г. и среднегодовая численность населения за 2017 год по Республике Беларусь в разрезе областей, районов, городов и поселков городского
  2. ^ Megargee, Geoffrey (2012). Encyclopedia of Camps and Ghettos. Bloomington, Indiana: University of Indiana Press. p. Volume II,959–961. ISBN 978-0-253-35599-7.
  3. ^ Manor (Menschinsky), Alexander. "Sopotkin; in Memory of the Jewish Community (Belarus)". Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  4. ^ "Sopoćkinie | Virtual Shtetl". sztetl.org.pl. Retrieved 2019-08-31.
  5. ^ Gliński, Mikołaj. "Phantom Snapshots from the Polish-Belarusian Border". Retrieved 13 February 2016.

External linksEdit