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Rabbi Chaim Halberstam, founder of the Sanz dynasty

Sanz (or Tsanz, Yiddish: צאנז‎) is a Hasidic dynasty originating in the city of Sanz (Nowy Sącz) in Galicia. The dynasty was founded by the rebbe Rabbi Chaim Halberstam (1793–1876) who was the rabbi of Nowy Sącz and the author of the work Divrei Chaim by which name he is known as well.

Rabbi Chaim was a disciple of Rabbi Naftali Zvi of Ropshitz[a]. He opened his court after the death of Rabbi Asher Yeshaya of Ropshitz, son-in-law of Rabbi Naftali Tzvi.

After his demise (25 Nisan 5636, 19 April 1876), his six sons and his seven sons-in-law built courtyards with new names in the cities where they served as rabbis, and their chassidim separated, but most of them went to his eldest son, Rabbi Yechezkel Shraga Halberstam of Shinova. His fourth son, Rabbi Aharon, remained to serve as rabbi and rebbe in Sanz, but he was known as the 'Rav of Kreiz', that is, the rabbi of the province, a title he already had in his father's life. In the generations that followed, there were divisions within the courtyards of the dynasty and dozens of different courts were established from the dynasty, and existed until the Holocaust.

Sanz dynastyEdit

The Divrei Chaim had fourteen children; his seven sons were:

  1. Rabbi Yechezkel Shraga Halberstam (1814–1898) of Shinive;
  2. Rabbi Duvid Halberstam (1821–1894) of Kshaniv;
  3. Rabbi Myer Nosson Halberstam (1827–1855), father of Rabbi Shlomo Halberstam, the first Bobover Rebbe;
  4. Rabbi Boruch Halberstam (1829–1906) of Gorlice (גארליץ Gorlitz);
  5. Rabbi Aharon Halberstam, his successor in Nowy Sącz;
  6. Rabbi Shulem Lazer Halberstam of Ratzfert (1862–1944), who was murdered by the Nazis in the Holocaust;
  7. Rabbi Yitzchok Yeshaye Halberstam of Czchów (טשחויווTshkhoiv) (1864–1944), who was also murdered by the Nazis;

and seven daughters; among them a daughter Reitza who married Rabbi Mordecai Dov Twerski, the Admor of Hornsteipl.

OffshootsEdit

BobovEdit

  • Rabbi Chaim Halberstam (1793–1876) of Sanz
    • Rabbi Mayer Noson Halberstam (1827–1855), son of Rabbi Chaim of Sanz

Sanz-GribovEdit

  • Rabbi Chaim Halberstam of Sanz
    • Rabbi Aaron Halberstam (1826–1903), Sanzer Rav; son of Rabbi Chaim
      • Rabbi Arye Leibish Halberstam (1852–1935), Sanzer Rav; son of Rabbi Aaron
        • Rabbi Mordechai Zev Halberstam (1882–1942), Sanzer Rav; son of Rabbi Aryeh Leibish
          • Rabbi Boruch Halberstam (1903–1942), Gribover Rav; son of Rabbi Mordechai Zev
            • Rabbi Naftali Halberstam, Sanz-Gribover Rebbe in Boro Park, son of Rabbi Boruch

The following dynasties stem from Rabbi Boruch Halberstam, the Gorlitser Rov:

Sanz-GorlitzEdit

Sanz-KlausenburgEdit

Sanz-ZhmigrodEdit

  • Grand Rabbi Chaim Halberstam of Sanz
    • Grand Rabbi Baruch Halberstam of Gorlitz, son of Rabbi Chaim of Sanz
      • Grand Rabbi Sinai Halberstam (1870–1941), the first Zhmigroder Rebbe, a son of Rabbi Boruch of Gorlitz; died in the Omsk forest, Siberia.
        • Grand Rabbi Yaakov Halberstam (1902–1967), the Tshakover Rebbe, son-in-law of the Shotzer Rebbe
        • Grand Rabbi Aryeh Leibish Halberstam (1909–7 January 2007[2]), the second Zhmigroder Rebbe, son-in-law of the Stretiner Rebbe, Grand Rabbi Yehuda Tsvi Brandwein. Author of Arye Sho'ag, died in Netanya. In his youth he studied under the Tshebiner Rov and Rabbi Meir Shapiro. During World War II had to leave Zhmigrid for Kraków, then Lviv and eventually Siberia. He served as a rebbe in Petah Tikva, where he found the Divrei Chaim Synagogue, Yafo and Bnei Brak. For a short period in 1950 he lived in Antwerp.
          • Grand Rabbi Sinai Halberstam, Sanz-Zhmigroder Rebbe of Borough Park (50th Street), son of Rabbi Aryeh Leibish
          • Grand Rabbi Yehosua Halberstam, Zhmigroder Rebbe of Antwerp, son of Rabbi Aryeh Leibish
          • Grand Rabbi Chaim Halberstam, Zhmigroder Rebbe of Bnei Brak, son of Rabbi Aryeh Leibish
        • Grand Rabbi Yisrael Halberstam, Zhmigroder Rebbe of America
          • Grand Rabbi Sinai Halberstam, Zhmigroder Rebbe of Borough Park (43rd Street), son of Rabbi Yisrael

Books of the Sanz movementEdit

The main Hasidic works revered by the Sanz Dynasty are Divrei Chaim, by Rabbi Chaim Halberstam of Tsanz and Divrei Yechezkel by his son, Rabbi Yechezkel Shraga Halberstam.

NamesEdit

The place name Sanz in Poland should not be confused with the city Sens in France, for which another name is Shanz, as in Tos'fos Shanz, the title of famous commentators of the Talmud. Shanz is also sometimes spelled Shantz.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Entsiklopediya le-Hakhme Galitsya by M. Wunder
  2. ^ Arutz Sheva[permanent dead link]
  1. ^ Who was a disciple of Rabbi Elimelech of Lizhensk, a disciple of the Maggid of Mezritch, the leading disciple of the Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidism.

External linksEdit

  • sanzusa.com - The official Sanz-Klausenburg website (in Hebrew). Contains pictures and video about the movement.