José Santos Gutiérrez Prieto was a Colombian statesman and soldier, who became president of the Sovereign State of Boyacá, and later elected as president of the United States of Colombia for the term of 1868-1870.
1872 oil painting by Ramón Torres Méndez
|7th President of the United States of Colombia|
April 1, 1868 – April 1, 1870
|Preceded by||Santos Acosta|
|Succeeded by||Eustorgio Salgar|
|Member of the Executive Ministry of the United States of Colombia|
February 9, 1863 – May 14, 1863
|Preceded by||Provisionary Office*|
|Succeeded by||Provisionary Office*|
|19th President of the Sovereign State of Cundinamarca|
January 1, 1864 – January 18, 1865
|Preceded by||Alejo Morales|
|Succeeded by||Rafael Mendoza|
|4th President of the Sovereign State of Boyacá|
|Preceded by||David Torres|
|Succeeded by||Pedro Cortés Holguin|
José Santos Gutiérrez Prieto
October 24, 1820
El Cocuy, Boyacá, Colombia
|Died||February 6, 1872 (aged 51)|
Bogotá, Cundinamarca, United States of Colombia
|Spouse(s)||Ana Deodata Bernal (1849-?)|
Hermelina Concha (1869-1872)
|Alma mater||National University of Colombia|
|Allegiance||Colombia (Liberal Party)|
|Branch/service||National Army of Colombia|
|Commands||Army Chief of Staff|
|Battles/wars||War of the Supremes|
Colombian Civil War (1860–1862)
Gutiérrez’ family moved to Bogotá in order to provide him with adequate and high education. Gutiérrez completed his high school education in the Colegio Mayor de San Bartolomé, where he later studied jurisprudence and obtained his lawyer degree.
In 1851, Gutiérrez entered the military academy and demonstrated an amazing talent and ability. His first action in combat was during the war against the administration of General José María Melo in 1854, in which he saved the life of General Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera. After his heroic performance in the battlefield he was ascended to the rank of General.
Later, in 1859, Gutiérrez leads the troops of General Mosquera in the province of Santander (today Department of Santander), during the civil war against the administration of President Mariano Ospina Rodríguez. In the battle of “La Concepción”, on August 29, 1860, he is wounded in action while, once again, saving the life of General Mosquera.
The revolutionary army of General Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera defeated the Constitutional Army of Colombia and after the presidential term of Mariano Ospina Rodríguez, on April 1, 1861, proclaimed himself as president. General Mosquera permits the Constitutional Congress or "Convención de Rionegro" to assemble, and General Gutiérrez participated in it as delegate on his own recognizance.
- Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd.; Italgraf; Segunda Edición; Page 85; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983
- Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd.; Italgraf; Segunda Edición; Page 88; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983
- Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd.; Italgraf; Segunda Edición; Page 86; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983