Santo Tomas, Batangas
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Santo Tomas, officially the City of Santo Tomas, (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Santo Tomas), or simply referred to as Santo Tomas City, is a 1st class city in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 179,844 people.
|City of Santo Tomas|
Santo Tomas City Hall
Map of Batangas with Santo Tomas highlighted
|Region||Calabarzon (Region IV-A)|
|Founded||7 March 1666|
|Cityhood||7 September 2019|
|Named for||Saint Thomas Aquinas|
|Barangays||30 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Mayor||Edna P. Sanchez|
|• Vice Mayor||Armenius O. Silva|
|• Congressman||Ma. Theresa V. Collantes|
|• Electorate||98,583 voters (2019)|
|• Total||95.41 km2 (36.84 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)|
|• Income class||1st municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||4.03% (2015)|
|• Revenue (₱)||539,745,100.48 (2016)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)43|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the city is now part of Manila's conurbation which reaches Lipa in its southernmost part. It borders the cities of Calamba to the north, Los Baños to the north-east, Alaminos to the east, Tanauan and Malvar to the west, and Lipa to the south.
Santo Tomas is the hometown of Philippine Revolution and Philippine-American War hero Miguel Malvar, the last Filipino General to surrender to the Americans. On September 7, 2019, the Republic Act 11086, or the City Charter of Santo Tomas, was ratified on a plebiscite by the electorate of Santo Tomas.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Barangays
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Government
- 8 Education
- 9 Mythology
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The then-municipality of Santo Tomas was founded in 1666, with Captain Manuel Melo as its first head. Originally, it was composed of a large Poblacion. When the Spanish friars arrived, their first and foremost objective was to construct a church near the river to satisfy their propensity for water. Thus, the present site of the Roman Catholic Church was chosen, near the San Juan River. As years went by, more houses were built around the church. This became the center of the Poblacion.
Other groups of houses were scattered all over the area. They were given such odd names as "Kabaong", because the stones along the road were coffin shaped; "Putol" because the trail was cut by a creek that crossed over it, "Aptayin", because "apta" of fine shrimps were found in the brook, "Biga", because biga trees abounded there, and "Camballao", because twin rivers divided the place. These different unit groups comprised the barrios of the town.
The natives were by nature God-fearing, peaceful and obedient. The conquerors did not much have difficulty in enforcing decrees and orders. One such irrevocable decree was to change the original names of the barrios to the names of Saints in the Catholic Calendar and to place each them under its patrotonio, the former "Pook" and "Aptayin" were joined together and called San Bartolome, "Kabaong" was changed to San Vicente, "Biga" to Santa Anastacia, and "Camballao" to San Isidro Sur and Isidro Norte. The whole town was given the name of Santo Tomas de Aquino, a high Prince of the Dominican Order to where most of the first friars belonged. As time went by, more barrios were added to the list each with an assumed name of a saint.
From the year 1666, the head of the town had different titles. He was variously known as "Captain" from 1666 to 1782; "Alcalde" from 1783 to 1788; "Gobernadorcillo" from 1789 to 1821; "Presidente Local" from 1822 to 1899; "Presidente Municipal" from 1900 to 1930; and "Municipal Mayor" from 1931 to the present. 
In 2015, Nelson P. Collantes, the then representative of Batangas' 3rd District, proposed a House bill to convert Santo Tomas into a component city. After a few years, with a unanimous vote of 19–0, the Senate approved a Senate bill for the municipality's conversion into a city on March 19, 2018.  On October 5, 2018, President Rodrigo Duterte signed Republic Act 11086 or "An Act Converting the Municipality of Santo Tomas in the Province of Batangas into a Component City known as the City of Santo Tomas." It is the first municipality to be converted into a city under the Duterte administration, effectively ratified September 7, 2019.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the city has a land area of 95.41 square kilometers (36.84 sq mi)  constituting 3.06% of the 3,119.75-square-kilometer (1,204.54 sq mi) total area of Batangas.
|041028001||Barangay I (Poblacion)||1.0%||1,846||1,766||0.85%|
|041028002||Barangay II (Poblacion)||1.5%||2,777||2,291||3.73%|
|041028003||Barangay III (Poblacion)||1.4%||2,543||1,933||5.36%|
|041028004||Barangay IV (Poblacion)||2.0%||3,542||2,806||4.53%|
|041028011||San Isidro Norte||1.3%||2,289||1,663||6.27%|
|041028012||San Isidro Sur||1.5%||2,653||2,309||2.68%|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, Santo Tomas had a population of 179,844. The population density was 1,900 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,900/sq mi).
Most of the city is residential with a lot of farmland. But there are also some developed subdivisions along the city like the San Antonio Heights in Barangay San Antonio which was developed by Avida Land, a division of Ayala Land, Portello subdivision which was developed by Camella Homes, and Terrazza de Santo Tomas in Barangay San Roque which was developed by Ovialand. The city is well known for an entire strip of bulalo (bone marrow soup) restaurants and to a hospital named Saint Cabrini Medical Center which is located inside the city center.
Aside from various real estate development in the city, Santo Tomas also has popular lifestyle and commercial complex in the locality . The Lifestyle Strip located in the city center along the Maharlika Highway houses various restaurants, coffee shops, salons, clothing boutiques, videoke bars, fitness gym among others. Popular restaurants and coffee shops include both international brands and home grown establishments. These include Yellow Cab Pizza, Kuya J Restaurant, Bon Chon, Tapa King, Allegra's Kitchen, Tagami Japanese Restaurant, Buffalo Wings and Things, Brand X Burger, Purple Beetle, Henlin, Goldilocks, Red Ribbon, Starbucks, and Figaro. Other dining options in the area includes Shakey's Pizza, Mang Inasal, Jollibee, KFC, McDonald's, Seafood Island, Chowking, Bo's Coffee, King Lok Restaurant, and Barrio Fiesta.
Liana's mall and Puregold are also present for grocery and shopping needs of the locals. Moreover, an upcoming SM Mall is in development near the city center.
The Maharlika Highway connects the city with Calamba, the rest of Laguna, with the highway reaching as far as Bicol Region. The Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR Tollway) starts at the city from the north side of the expressway, and connects the city with Lipa and Batangas City. A connection with South Luzon Expressway has been opened, further connecting the city with Metro Manila. The José P. Laurel Highway connects the city with Tanauan City, Lipa and Batangas City.
Jeepneys (Filipino:"dyip") connect the city with Calamba to the north, Tanauan to the south, and San Pablo to the east. Buses from Manila to Batangas City, Lucena, or Bicol serve the city. UV Express service also connects Santo Tomas with San Pablo, Santa Rosa, Lipa, and Dasmariñas. Tricycles provide transportation within the barangays.
- Mayor: Edna Padilla Sanchez
- Vice Mayor: Armenius O. Silva
- Catherine J. Perez
- Gerardo M. Malijan
- Danilo P. Mabilangan
- Arlene F. Mañebo
- Renante V. Arcillas
- Helengrace P. Navarro
- Cresenciano E. Ramos, Jr.
- Raymond Timothy V. Almeda
- ABC president: Severino M. Medalla
- SK Federation President: Mico Renzo D. Bathan
The city has 4 public high schools.
- San Jose National High School
- San Pedro National High School
- Santa Clara National High School
- Santa Anastacia-San Rafael National High School
There are 28 public elementary schools within Santo Tomas.
Santo Tomas North DistrictEdit
A. Zone 1
B. Zone 2
C. Zone 3
Santo Tomas South DistrictEdit
A. Zone 4
B. Zone 5
C. Zone 6
- Almond Academy Foundation Inc.
- AMS Learning School
- Blue Isle Integrated School
- Clareville School
- Elyon Academia Foundation, Inc.
- Greenville Academy of Santa Clara
- His Care Learning Center of Santa Maria
- Hope Christian Academy of Santo Tomas
- Kids for Jesus Academy Inc.
- Maranatha Christian Academy of Santo Tomas
- Maranatha Christian Academy of Blue Isle
- Mother Barbara Micarelli School
- Pedagogia Children's School (Santo Tomas)
- San Bartolome Adventist Elementary School
- Saint Thomas Academy
- Saint Thomas Montessori Learning Center
- The Golden Child Literacy Place
In Philippine mythology, the homeland of the anggitays is believed to be somewhere in Santo Tomas, Batangas. The anggitays are creatures resembling centaurs but have a single horn on the forehead and are generally female.
- Cinco, Maricar (September 8, 2018). "Santo Tomas is Batangas' newest city". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
- "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
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- Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
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- "History | Santo Tomas Batangas". Stotomasbatangasph.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
- Ganzon-Ozaeta, Tina (21 March 2018). "Senate approves cityhood of Santo Tomas town in Batangas". Rappler. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
- "Republic Act No. 11086" (PDF). Official Gazette of the Philippines. October 22, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
- Solmerin, Florante (June 26, 2018). "Santo Tomas, first Batangas city under Duterte administration". Business Mirror. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
- "Municipal: Santo Tomas, Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Batangas". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "Home | First Philippine Industrial Park". Fpip.com. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-09-14. Retrieved 2008-09-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-19. Retrieved 2008-09-13.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Batangas Province Masterlist of Government Secondary Schools" (PDF). Depedcalabarzon.ph. Retrieved August 3, 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Batangas Province Masterlist of Government Elementary Schools" (PDF). Depedcalabarzon.ph. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-28. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
- "Batangas Province Masterlist of Government Private Elementary Schools" (PDF). Depedcalabarzon.ph. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-28. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
- "Batangas Province Masterlist of Secondary Schools" (PDF). Depedcalabarzon.ph. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-07-29. Retrieved August 3, 2012.
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