Santana, Madeira

Santana (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃ˈtɐnɐ] (About this soundlisten)), short form for Santa Ana (meaning Saint Anne) is a municipality along the northern coast of the island of Madeira, in Portuguese archipelago of the same name. The population in 2011 was 7,719,[1] in an area of 95.56 square kilometres (36.90 sq mi).[2]

Santana
The village of Arco de São Jorge in an amphitheatre-shapped valley along the northern coast of Santana municipality
The village of Arco de São Jorge in an amphitheatre-shapped valley along the northern coast of Santana municipality
Coat of arms of Santana
Coat of arms
Location in Madeira
Location in Madeira
Coordinates: 32°48′13.45″N 16°52′47.30″W / 32.8037361°N 16.8798056°W / 32.8037361; -16.8798056Coordinates: 32°48′13.45″N 16°52′47.30″W / 32.8037361°N 16.8798056°W / 32.8037361; -16.8798056
Country Portugal
Auton. regionMadeira
IslandMadeira
EstablishedSettlement: 25 May 1835
City: 6 July 2000
Parishes6
Government
 • PresidentAntónio Joaquim Caíres Batista Rosa
Area
 • Total95.56 km2 (36.90 sq mi)
Elevation
509 m (1,670 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total7,719
 • Density81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+01:00 (WEST)
Postal code
9230-116
Area code291
PatronSaint Anne
Local holiday24 June
Websitehttp://cm-santana.com

GeographyEdit

 
An example of the traditional Madeirense home found in the municipality of Santana

Santana includes six parishes, within a rugged mountainous environment, most occupying river-valleys:

Santana parish has the largest number residents, while Arco de São Jorge is both the smallest, physically, and has the lowest number of residents,[3] while Faial is the largest parish.

Santana is known for the traditional homes constructed with sloping triangular rooftops, and protected with straw. These were mainly rural homes, used by local farmers, during the settlement of the island, with white-painted walls, red doors and windows with blue trim. Most of the surviving buildings are tourist attractions, and maintained (for example, the straw roofs are replaced every four to five years).

EconomyEdit

A tourist-themed park was constructed to exhibit examples of the island's early history and culture; the Madeira Theme Park is an ample area, on 7 acres (28,000 m2) of land, where visitors re-discover the cultures of Madeira and Porto Santo. This includes exhibits on the island's history, artifacts used in daily life and cultural presentations, in a scenic environment.

Notable citizensEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Eurostat
  3. ^ Santana and Arco de São Jorge are also located in the higher altitudes in the municipality.