Santa Rosa Department, Guatemala

Santa Rosa (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsanta ˈrosa]) is a department in Guatemala. The capital is Cuilapa.

Santa Rosa Department

Departmento de Santa Rosa
Flag of Santa Rosa Department
Flag
Coat of arms of Santa Rosa Department
Coat of arms
Santa Rosa
Santa Rosa
Coordinates: 14°16′42″N 90°18′00″W / 14.27833°N 90.30000°W / 14.27833; -90.30000Coordinates: 14°16′42″N 90°18′00″W / 14.27833°N 90.30000°W / 14.27833; -90.30000
CountryFlag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
CapitalCuilapa
Municipalities14
Government
 • TypeDepartmental
Area
 • Department of Guatemala2,295 km2 (886 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,330 m (4,360 ft)
Lowest elevation
214 m (702 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Department of Guatemala396,607
 • Density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
 • Urban
184,212
 • Ethnicities
Ladino Xinca
 • Religions
Roman Catholicism Evangelicalism
Time zoneUTC-6
ISO 3166 codeGT-SR

HistoryEdit

1913 earthquakeEdit

On Saturday 8 March 1913 and magnitude 6.4 earthquake hit Santa Rosa, destroying its department capital, Cuilapa.[2] Both the initial quake and the after shocks destroyed a lot of private homes, and also the cathedral and the prison, leaving behind significant human losses; similar destruction occurred at Barberena, Cerro Redondo, Llano Grande and El Zapote.[2] Fraijanes, Pueblo Nuevo Viñas, Coatepeque and Jalpatagua were also affected.[2] Around Cuilapa, there were landslides and road blockades, and even a long crack was reported at Los Esclavos hill.[2]

MunicipalitiesEdit

  1. Barberena
  2. Casillas
  3. Chiquimulilla
  4. Cuilapa
  5. Guazacapán
  6. Nueva Santa Rosa
  7. Oratorio
  8. Pueblo Nuevo Viñas
  9. San Juan Tecuaco
  10. San Rafael Las Flores
  11. Santa Cruz Naranjo
  12. Santa María Ixhuatán
  13. Santa Rosa de Lima
  14. Taxisco[3]

GeographyEdit

Santa Rosa water systems[3]
Type Name Location
Rivers Negro, Los Achiotes, Tapalapa, Los Vados, San Antonio, Las Cañas, La Plata, Utapa, Amapa, El Panal, Las Marías, El Amarillo, Aguacinapa, Las Margaritas, Utema, Urayala Santa Rosa Department
Paso Hondo River
María Linda Border with Escuintla Department
Los Esclavos River Cuilapa, Mataquescuintla
Canal de Chiquimulilla Chiquimulillal|
Ojiveros creek
Paso Caballos creek
Ponds Ayarza Casillas and San Rafael Las Flores
Ixpaco Ixpaco Village, Pueblo Nuevo Viñas
Ojo de Agua Nueva Santa Rosa
Laguna Pereira Santa Rosa de Lima
Laguna El Pino Barberena and Santa Cruz Naranjo
La Palmilla Taxisco
Tamarindo Viejo La Avellana, Taxisco

CultureEdit

Municipal fairsEdit

Santa Rosa municipal fairs
Municipality Days In honor of
Barberena 1 to 6 January Virgen de la Merced
Casillas 12 to 16 January Esquipulas Black Christ
Chiquimulilla 30 April to 4 May Holy Cross
Cuilapa 24 to 25 December Baby Jesus
1 to 8 de August Señor de los Portentos
Guazacapán 6 to 11 December Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Nueva Santa Rosa 12 to 18 November,(variable) Cristo Rey
Oratorio 28 February to 3 Marzo Holy Family
Pueblo Nuevo Viñas 18 to 23 January Esquipulas Black Christ
San Juan Tecuaco 22 to 26 January Saint John the Baptist
San Rafael Las Flores 22 to 26 October Saint Raphael Archangel
Santa Cruz Naranjo 1 to 5 May Holy Cross
Santa María Ixhuatán 13 to 17 December Virgin Mary
Santa Rosa de Lima 27 to 31 August Santa Rosa de Lima
Taxisco 12 to 18 January Esquipulas Black Christ

TourismEdit

Santa Rosa tourist and archeological attractions
Attraction Name Location
Ponds Ayarza Casillas and San Rafael Las Flores
El Pino Cerinal, Barberena and Santa Cruz Naranjo
Ixpaco Tecuamburro, Pueblo Nuevo Viñas
Tamarindo Viejo La Avellana, Taxisco
Volcanoes Tecuamburro Tecuamburro
Jumaytepeqe Nueva Santa Rosa
Cruz Quemada Ixhuatán
Cerro Redondo Cerinal and Santa Cruz Naranjo
Colonial monuments "Los Esclavos" colonial bridge Cuilapa
Colonial parish and Santa Rosa de Lima Temple Cuilapa
Jumaytepeqe Colonial Catholic Church Nueva Santa Rosa
La Ermita worship center Nueva Santa Rosa
Watefalls Los Chorritos Espitia Real, Nueva Santa Rosa
El Inamo Estanzuelas, Nueva Santa Rosa
Las Margaritas Falls Tecuaco, Oratorio and Ixhuatán
Osmawal warefal Tecuamburro
Caves Los Serafines Cave Santa Cruz Naranjo
Cave of El Común Jumaytepeqe, Nueva Santa Rosa
La Eduvijes Cave Santa Rosa de Lima
Beaches Las Lisas, La Bocabarra and Chapetón Chiquimulilla
Hawaii and Monterrico Monterrico
Archeological sites
Casas Viejas, Los Cerritos, Santa María Los Ujuxtales, Colinas de San Osmardín and Santa Clara Chiquimulilla
Ixpaco Pueblo Nuevo Viñas
Arada Nueva Oratorio
El Jobo y Tacuilula Taxisco

Geographic locationEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Citypopulation.de Population of departments in Guatemala
  2. ^ a b c d Ambraseys & Adams 2001, pp. 72-73
  3. ^ a b c d SEGEPLAN n.d.

BibliographyEdit

  • Ambraseys, Nicholas; Adams, Robin A. (2001). The Seismicity of Central America; a descriptive catalogue 1898-1995. World Scientific. p. 309. ISBN 9781860942440.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • SEGEPLAN (n.d.). "Municipios del departamento de Santa Rosa". SEGEPLAN (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on July 7, 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External linksEdit