Santa Maria de Jetibá

Santa Maria de Jetibá is the name of a municipality and of its capital in central Espírito Santo, Southeastern Brazil. It was founded in 1857 by Pomeranian immigrants who arrived through the state capital Vitória by going up the river Santa Maria.

Santa Maria de Jetibá
Vale do Canaã (portuguese), a valley near of this town
Vale do Canaã (portuguese), a valley near of this town
Flag of Santa Maria de Jetibá
Official seal of Santa Maria de Jetibá
Location in Espírito Santo
Location in Espírito Santo
Santa Maria de Jetibá is located in Brazil
Santa Maria de Jetibá
Santa Maria de Jetibá
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 20°2′27″S 40°44′45″W / 20.04083°S 40.74583°W / -20.04083; -40.74583Coordinates: 20°2′27″S 40°44′45″W / 20.04083°S 40.74583°W / -20.04083; -40.74583
CountryBrazil
RegionSoutheast
StateState of Espírito Santo
FoundedMay 6, 1988
Government
 • MayorEduardo Stuhr (PDT)
Area
 • Total735.552 km2 (283.998 sq mi)
Elevation
720 m (2,360 ft)
Population
 (2020 [1])
 • Total41,015
 • Density51.319/km2 (132.92/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Santamariense
Time zoneUTC−3 (BRT)
Postal Code
29645000
WebsiteSanta Maria de Jetibá City Hall

GeographyEdit

Located in the south-central mountain region of Espírito Santo, this municipality has an area of 735.55 square kilometers. The town of Santa Maria de Jetibá is 720 meters above sea level, and the highest point in the state is Garrafão Peak, at 1200 meters (3937 ft) above sea level.

PeopleEdit

With a total population of 41,015 (2020), Santa Maria de Jetibá is considered one of the last significant East Pomeranian-speaking communities in the world. Those immigrants (Pomeranians), who came from the historical region Pomerania, now part of Germany and Poland where it is known as Pommern and Pomorze respectively.

In Brazil, many Pomeranians also established communities in Santa Catarina (see Pomerode) and Rio Grande do Sul (see Arroio do Padre). Santa Maria de Jetibá is a place where the people still speak solely East Pomeranian in their day-to-day life. Due to the isolation of this community, most of the members of the community live in very poor conditions. Due also to financial constraints by the state, very little investment in education is forthcoming, and the language barrier persists to be a real problem for the community. This also hinders their future prospects, of course, by them not having proper education, thus a reasonable expectation in the work market. Those communities are mainly rural.

DemographyEdit

Most of the population of that city is descended from Pomeranian and German peoples. [2][3] East Pomeranian, a dialect of Low German, has co-official status in Santa Maria de Jetibá.

Race Percentage
Whites 81.8%
Blacks 1.9%
Mixed 15.6%
Asian 0.7%

Source: 2010 Census

ClimateEdit

Santa Maria de Jetibá is on a high valley and the altitude of this Town is about 700m above the sea level. The elevation of this municipality changes the climate and it features a cool and dry climate on winters and an wet and hot days and cool nights on summers. Santa Maria de Jetibá features a humid subtropical climate type Cwa.

Santa Maria de Jetibá
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
188
 
 
29
18
 
 
103
 
 
28
18
 
 
125
 
 
27
17
 
 
88
 
 
26
15
 
 
60
 
 
25
13
 
 
36
 
 
24
12
 
 
49
 
 
24
13
 
 
48
 
 
25
14
 
 
66
 
 
25
16
 
 
125
 
 
26
17
 
 
193
 
 
27
17
 
 
209
 
 
26
16
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Climate-data.org
Climate data for Santa Maria de Jetibá  (1988 - 2011)  
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.6
(83.5)
28.3
(82.9)
27.1
(80.8)
25.5
(77.9)
24.5
(76.1)
23.7
(74.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.6
(76.3)
25.2
(77.4)
26.0
(78.8)
26.8
(80.2)
26.1
(79.0)
25.9
(78.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
18.0
(64.4)
16.8
(62.2)
14.8
(58.6)
13.0
(55.4)
12.4
(54.3)
12.9
(55.2)
14.2
(57.6)
15.5
(59.9)
16.6
(61.9)
17.4
(63.3)
16.0
(60.8)
15.5
(59.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 188
(7.4)
103
(4.1)
125
(4.9)
88
(3.5)
60
(2.4)
36
(1.4)
49
(1.9)
48
(1.9)
66
(2.6)
125
(4.9)
193
(7.6)
209
(8.2)
1,290
(50.8)
Source: Clic RBS (in Portuguese) [4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ Santa Maria de Jetibá realiza a II PomerBR Archived 2017-03-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Santa Maria de Jetibá realiza 23ª Festa Pomerana Archived 2014-03-04 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Climate-data.org "Climatologia de Santa Maria de Jetibá - ES" (in Portuguese). Clic RBS. Retrieved 4 August 2011. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)

External linksEdit