|Owner||Los Angeles Interurban Railway (1905–1911)|
Pacific Electric (1911–1953)
Metropolitan Coach Lines (1953–1958)
Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority (1958)
|Line number||11 (to 1958)|
|Locale||Los Angeles, and Orange County, California|
|Termini||Downtown Los Angeles|
Santa Ana, California
Bellflower, California (after 1950)
|Rolling stock||PE 300-400 Class (last used)|
|Opened||November 6, 1905|
|Closed||July 2, 1950 (to Santa Ana)|
May 24, 1958
|Line length||34 mi (55 km)|
|Number of tracks||1–4|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||600 V DC Overhead lines|
The route began operation on November 6, 1905 under the Los Angeles Interurban Railway; Pacific Electric leased the line starting in 1908 and purchased it in 1911 under terms of the Great Merger. The Santa Ana Line was designated as route number 11 during most of its operational life. Santa Ana's status as the county seat and largest city in Orange County at the time allowed for high ridership. The railway built a new station in the city in late 1927, and cars were rerouted to serve it.
Cars ceased running to the Santa Ana Southern Pacific Depot in November 1945. By 1950, service had halved from its peak only five years earlier and the line was cut back to a minor station in Bellflower on July 2, becoming the Bellflower Line. (PE continued to serve the Bellflower to Santa Ana segment with motor coaches.) The service was then disposed of by Pacific Electric, being taken over first by Metropolitan Coach Lines in 1953 before being commuted to the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority in 1958, the same year it was discontinued; the last train ran on May 24, 1958. Bellflower Line service was briefly designated as line 34 for just over a month prior to discontinuance.
The Los Angeles Metro Rail operates a few light rail lines over the former route. The A Line runs over the former Watts Line as far as Watts, and the C Line and Century Freeway were built through Lynwood on the old Pacific Electric right of way.
The West Santa Ana Branch Transit Corridor is a plan to reactivate part of the corridor in Los Angeles County for expanded light rail service. The section between Bellflower station and former Paramount station will be rehabilitated and connected to a new service eventually terminating downtown, though via a different routing than the former Santa Ana Line.
The Santa Ana Line ran from the Pacific Electric Building in Los Angeles to the Southern Pacific depot in Santa Ana, California via the Watts Line and West Santa Ana Branch. The latter segment's diagonal running was a stark contrast to the cardinally-aligned road grid of Los Angeles and Orange Counties.
List of major stationsEdit
- "1981 Inventory of Pacific Electric Routes" (PDF). Caltrans. February 1982. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
- "Santa Ana Line". The Electric Railway Historical Association of Southern California. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
- Crise, Steve; Patris, Michael A. (2011). Pacific Electric Railway. Arcadia Publishing. p. 47. ISBN 9780738575865.
- Veysey, Laurence R. (June 1958). A History Of The Rail Passenger Service Operated By The Pacific Electric Railway Company Since 1911 And By Its Successors Since 1953 (PDF). LACMTA (Report). Los Angeles, California: Interurbans. pp. 75–77. ASIN B0007F8D84.
- Brightwell, Eric (27 August 2014). "Reimagining Garden Grove with Orange County's First Open Streets Event". KCET. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
- "Buses Replace 2 PE Lines' Trolleys". Los Angeles Evening Citizen News. July 3, 1950. p. 9. Retrieved 4 February 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
- Nelson, Laura J. (May 24, 2018). "Metro narrows the options for a light-rail line from downtown L.A. to Artesia". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 8 September 2021.