Sant State

Santrampur State (Sant State, also spelt Sunth[1] and Soanth[2]) is a former state located in the present-day state of Gujarat, India. It covered an area of approximately 1,367 km2 (528 sq mi) and was bounded on the north by the dominions of Dungarpur and Banswara in Rajputana. On the east was the sub division of Jhalod in the Panch Mahals. On the south it touched the small state of Sanjeli while on the west it was bounded by the State of Lunavada.The State enjoyed a hereditary salute of 9 gun and 11 gun local salute. The rulers of Santrampur are Parmar Rajputs. They claim descent from the Mahipavat branch of the famous Malwa dynasty.

Sant State
1255–1948
Flag of
Flag of the Sant State
Coat of arms of
Coat of arms
Territory of the Sant State in the period 1800-1950
Territory of the Sant State in the period 1800-1950
CapitalSantrampur
GovernmentMonarchy
History 
• Established
1255
1948
Area
1900's1,367 km2 (528 sq mi)
Population
• 1901
59,351
• 1921
70,964
Joravarsingh, ruler of Sunth State c. 1922

HistoryEdit

According to bardic history, the state was founded in c. 1255 by an individual named Sant who had been forced to leave Jhalod upon the military defeat of his father, Jalamsingh.[3][1] Sant's brother, Limdev, founded the nearby state of Kadana.[1]

In 1753, The Maharawal of Banswara State, killed the three sons of Rana Ratansinhjii and tried to capture the throne of Sant State; the fourth son who was an infant named Badansinghji was hidden by Kolis of Malwa and grew up in a Koli family. The Maharawal annexed the Sant State in Banswara State and established his army in Sant. After several years, when Badansinghji reached maturity, the Kolis of Malwa attacked the army of Banswara. The Khant Kolis of Malwa defeated the army of Maharawal and threw it out of Sant state. After that, Kolis of Malwa established Rana Badansinghji Pawar at the throne of Sant State.[4][1]

In 1803, Sant State entered into a defensive treaty with the British Government, but the latter subsequently reneged on the treaty under Lord Cornwallis' policy of not entering alliances with Indian states.[1][2] Thereafter, on 10 August 1819, Sant State was party to an agreement between Scindia and Lunawada mediated by the British, which effectively made the state a British vassal.[1][2] The state was placed under the administration of the Rewa Kantha Rewa Kantha Agency in 1825.[1]

In 1913, the state was rocked by an adivasi (Bhil) uprising led by Govindgiri.[5]

The last ruler of Sant State signed the accession to the Indian Union on 10 June 1948,[citation needed] by which the state ceased to exist and merged into Gujarat, and was assigned a Privy purse of 112,000 Rupees.

RulersEdit

Rulers of Sant belongs to the Mahipavat branch of the Parmar clan of the Rajputs.[6][7][8][9] The state is said to have been founded in the year 1255 by Sunth.[8][9]

The Ruler of Sant is entitled to be received by the His Excellency the Viceroy and Governor-General of India and to be received and visited by the His Excellency the Governor of Bombay.[8]

The ruler of Sant is titled as Maharana with the style of His Highness.[10] His Highness the Maharana of Sant is entitled to a salute of 9 guns.[9][10]

List of RulersEdit

Rulers of Sant were:[11][12]

  • Rana Santji Jalamsinhji.
  • Rana Navghanji Santji.
  • Rana Napaji Navghanji.
  • Rana Prithisinhji Napaji.
  • Rana Surajji Prithisinhji.
  • Rana Jesinhji Surajji.
  • Rana Akherajji Jesinhji.
  • Rana Gajsinhji I Jesinhji.
  • Rana Kumbhkaranaji Jesinhji.
    • Ramsinhji Kumbharanaji.
    • Thakore Jetmalji, Thakore of Hirapur.
  • Rana Ramsinhji Kumbharanaji.
  • Rana Raymalji Ramsinhji.
  • Rana Mandlikji Raymalji.
  • Rana Surajmalji Mandlikji.
    • Ratansinhji Surajmalji.
    • Kumar Shri Vaghsinhji Surajmalji.
      • Prithisinhji Vaghsinhji.
  • Rana Ratansinhji Surajmalji.
  • Rana Prithisinhji Vaghsinhji.
  • Rana Sabalsinhji Prithisinhji.
  • Rana Gajsinhji I Sabalsinhji.
  • Rana Mahusinhji.
  • Rana Prithisinhji Mahusinhji.
  • Rana Ratansinhji Prithisinhji.
  • Rana Badansinhji Ratansinhji.
  • Rana Shri Shivsinhji Badansinhji.
    • Kesrisinhji Shivsinhji.
    • Gajsinhji Kesrisinhji.
  • Maharana Kesrisinhji Shivsinhji.
  • Maharana Gajsinhji Kesrisinhji.
  • Maharana Kalyansinhji Shivsinhji.
  • Maharana Bhawanisinhji Kalyansinhji (b. 1832 – d. 1872).
  • HH Maharana Pratapsinhji Bhawanisinhji (b. 1860 – d. 1896).
  • HH Maharana Jorawarsinhji Pratapsinhji (b. 1881 – d. 1946).[6][7]
  • HH Maharana Pravinsinhji Jorawarsinhji (b. 1907 – d. 1948).
  • HH Maharana Krishnakumarsinhji Pravinsinhji (b. 1938 – d. 1991).
  • Paranjayadityasinhji Krishnakumarsinhji (b. 1969)[11] married Mandakini Kumari Sahiba (daughter of Digvijay Singhji Sahib Bahadur of Raghogarh) one son and a daughter.
    • Kritiranjani Kumari Sahiba of Bhavnagar married Jaiveerraj Singh Sahib of Bhavnagar.[11]
    • Vrisharankadityasinhji Paranjayadityasinhji Parmar.[11]

The line is nominally continued.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Rewa Kántha, Nárukot, Cambay, and Surat states. Government Central Press. 1880.
  2. ^ a b c Aitchison, C.U.; Talbot, A.C (1876). A collection of treaties, engagements, and sunnuds relating to India and neighboring countries. Vol. IV. Calcutta: Foreign Office Press.
  3. ^ List of ruling princes and chiefs in political relations with the Government of Bombay and their leading officials, nobles and personages. Calcutta: Central Publication Branch. 1931.
  4. ^ Solomon, R. V.; Bond, J. W. (2006). Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey. Asian Educational Services. ISBN 9788120619654.
  5. ^ Parmar, Ladhabhai Harji (1922). The Rewakantha Directory. Rajkot: Parmar Press. pp. 53.
  6. ^ a b Sunth State (India, British) (1916). Administration Report of the Sunth State for the year 1914-15 to 1918-19 (bounded together). The Government Central Press (Sunth).
  7. ^ a b Sunth State (India, British) (1912). Administration Report of Sunth State, for the year 1910-1911 to 1913-14 (bounded together). The Government Central Press (Sunth).
  8. ^ a b c Memoranda on Native States in India, Together with a List of Independent Ruling Chiefs, Chiefs of Frontier States, and Other Notables with Their Proper Forms of Address. Superintendent Government Print., India. 1911.
  9. ^ a b c Newul Kishore Press Lucknow (1911). Whos Who In India Vol-ii 1911.
  10. ^ a b Lethbridge, Roper (1893). The golden book of India, a genealogical and biographical dictionary of the ruling princes, chiefs, nobles, and other personages, titled or decorated, of the Indian empire. Robarts - University of Toronto. London Macmillan.
  11. ^ a b c d Rathore, Abhinay. "Sant (Princely State)". Rajput Provinces of India. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  12. ^ "SANT". web.archive.org. 11 July 2018. Retrieved 10 October 2020.

External links and sourcesEdit

Coordinates: 23°11′22″N 73°53′34″E / 23.18947°N 73.8928°E / 23.18947; 73.8928