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Sankt Georgen an der Gusen (also St. Georgen an der Gusen and St. Georgen/Gusen; lit.: "Saint George's Town on the Gusen River") is a small market town in Upper Austria, Austria, between the municipalities of Luftenberg and Langenstein. As of 2015, the town had 3,779 inhabitants.

Sankt Georgen an der Gusen
Parish Church St. Georgen an der Gusen.jpg
Coat of arms of Sankt Georgen an der Gusen
Coat of arms
Sankt Georgen an der Gusen is located in Austria
Sankt Georgen an der Gusen
Sankt Georgen an der Gusen
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°16′18″N 14°26′54″E / 48.27167°N 14.44833°E / 48.27167; 14.44833Coordinates: 48°16′18″N 14°26′54″E / 48.27167°N 14.44833°E / 48.27167; 14.44833
CountryAustria
StateUpper Austria
DistrictPerg
Government
 • MayorErich Wahl (SPÖ)
Area
 • Total7.12 km2 (2.75 sq mi)
Elevation
262 m (860 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total4,119
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
4222, 4223
Area code07237
Vehicle registrationPE
Websitewww.st-georgen-gusen.at

HistoryEdit

During World War II the town was selected to be the DEST-business administration center for exploiting slave labour in the quarries and later the industries of the Gusen concentration camp, a subcamp of the nearby Mauthausen concentration camp. In early 1944 the town became the site of "Gusen II", the most brutal sub-camp of Mauthausen. In roughly 40.000 m² of tunnels and caverns dug beneath St. Georgen for the Messerschmitt company a huge and most modern underground assembly plant for Messerschmitt Me 262 fuselages was operated until May 1945 under the code-name B8 Bergkristall - Esche II.[3] In some trials of the Nuremberg Military Tribunal the relatively unknown term St. Georgen granite works was used to prevent the use of locations like Mauthausen or Gusen.

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
18691,089—    
18801,128+3.6%
18901,129+0.1%
19001,326+17.4%
19101,434+8.1%
19231,324−7.7%
19341,396+5.4%
19391,429+2.4%
19511,795+25.6%
19612,148+19.7%
19712,805+30.6%
19813,093+10.3%
19913,236+4.6%
20013,529+9.1%
20103,619+2.6%
20153,779+4.4%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. ^ Rudolf A. Haunschmied, Jan-Ruth Mills, Siegi Witzany-Durda: St. Georgen-Gusen-Mauthausen - Concentration Camp Mauthausen Reconsidered. BoD, Norderstedt 2008, ISBN 978-3-8334-7610-5