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Sangerhausen (German pronunciation: [zaŋɐˈhaʊzn̩]) is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, capital of the district of Mansfeld-Südharz. It is situated southeast of the Harz, approx. 35 kilometres (22 miles) east of Nordhausen, and 50 km (31 mi) west of Halle (Saale). About 31,000 people live in Sangerhausen.

Sangerhausen
Sangerhausen
Sangerhausen
Coat of arms of Sangerhausen
Coat of arms
Location of Sangerhausen within Mansfeld-Südharz district
Sangerhausen in MSH.svg
Sangerhausen is located in Germany
Sangerhausen
Sangerhausen
Sangerhausen is located in Saxony-Anhalt
Sangerhausen
Sangerhausen
Coordinates: 51°28′0″N 11°18′0″E / 51.46667°N 11.30000°E / 51.46667; 11.30000Coordinates: 51°28′0″N 11°18′0″E / 51.46667°N 11.30000°E / 51.46667; 11.30000
CountryGermany
StateSaxony-Anhalt
DistrictMansfeld-Südharz
Government
 • MayorSven Strauß (SPD)
Area
 • Total207.64 km2 (80.17 sq mi)
Elevation
154 m (505 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total26,297
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
03464, 034656 (Großleinungen), 034658 (Breitenbach, Horla, Wolfsberg), 034775 (Wippra)
Dialling codes03464
Vehicle registrationMSH, EIL, HET, ML, SGH
Websitewww.sangerhausen.de

HistoryEdit

Historical affiliations
  Margraviate of Meissen 1249–1291

  Margraviate of Brandenburg 1291–1372
  Electorate of Saxony 1372–1806

  Poland-Saxony 1697–1706, 1709–1763

  Kingdom of Saxony 1806–1815
  Kingdom of Prussia 1815–1871
  German Empire 1871–1918
  Weimar Republic 1918–1933
  Nazi Germany 1933–1945
  Allied-occupied Germany 1945–1949
  East Germany 1949–1990

  Federal Republic of Germany 1990–present

Sangerhausen is one of the oldest towns in the historical region of Saxony-Anhalt, being first mentioned in a document created between 780 and 802 in Fulda Abbey.

Sangerhausen is mentioned as the tithable place Sangerhus in Friesenfeld in the Hersfeld Tithe Register, created between 881 and 899.

It is mentioned in a document of 991 as appertaining to the estates of the emperor, as part of Memleben Abbey.

By marriage it passed to the landgrave of Thuringia, and after 1056 it formed for a while an independent country. Having been again part of Thuringia, it fell in 1249 to Meissen, and in 1291 to Brandenburg. In 1372 it passed to the Electorate of Saxony and formed a portion of that territory until 1815, when it became a part of the Prussian Province of Saxony.






Historical PopulationEdit

 
Population development from 1824 to 2017 as in the displayed table
 
Population pyramid for Sangerhausen (Data source: Census 2011[2])
Year Population
1824 4,419
1895 11,414
1946 16,220
1950 16,753
1960 23,778
1981 33,822
1984 33,466
1986 33,064
1995 29,734
1997 27,798
1998 26,917
1999 26,121
2000 25,399
Year Population
2001 24,881
2002 24,337
2003 23,836
2004 23,435
2005 23,261
2006 30,382*
2009 30,063 (21.337)**
2011 29,240
2013 27,830
2015 27,752
2016 27,265
2017 26,798
2018 26,297

* After annexation of neighboring districts

** Population of Sangerhausen town in brackets

MunicipalityEdit

 
Map of the 15 constituent Ortschafte of Sangerhausen (readable when clicked)
 
Ortschaft (village) Rotha

The municipality of Sangerhausen currently includes the town itself plus 14 outlying villages, also called (in German) Ortschafte or Ortsteile. These are Breitenbach, Gonna, Grillenberg, Großleinungen, Horla, Lengefeld, Morungen, Oberröblingen, Obersdorf, Riestedt, Rotha, Wettelrode, Wippra and Wolfsberg.

In 1994, the town of Sangerhausen, at that time still an independent municipality, became part of the so-called Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Sangerhausen, a municipal association consisting of Sangerhausen itself and the two villages/municipalities Edersleben and Oberröblingen. On 29 April 2000 Edersleben left for the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Helme. On 1 January 2005 the villages/municipalities Gonna, Grillenberg, Horla, Lengefeld, Morungen, Obersdorf, Pölsfeld, Rotha and Wettelrode joined the association from the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Südharz which was dissolved. Six months later, on 3 July 2005 Pölsfeld left for the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Allstedt-Kaltenborn.

On 1 Oct. 2005 the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Sangerhausen, consisting then of 10 municipalities was dissolved and turned into the single town/municipality Sangerhausen; which meant that the 9 villages were truly annexed. On the same date Breitenbach, Großleinungen and Wolfsberg also joined, coming from the municipal association Roßla-Südharz. On 1 December 2005 Riestedt followed, coming from the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Allstedt-Kaltenborn. Finally, Wippra was incorporated on 1 January 2008, coming from the Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Wipper-Eine.

Main sightsEdit

  • Altes Rathaus ("Old Town Hall"), erected in 1431-1437 after a previous edifice burned down in 1358.
  • Church of St. Mary (Marienkirche), built in 1350 in Gothic style
  • Church of St. James (Jakobikirche, 1457-1542), a late Gothic hall edifice with a nave and three aisles. It has a 61 m-high, slightly tilting bell tower with a Baroque cover. The interior has a rich decoration painted by Georg Bottschild in 1665, while the choir stalls and the high altar are from an Augustinian monastery closed in 1539. It also houses numerous tombs and effigies. Johann Sebastian Bach applied here in 1702 for the post of organist, but the job went to Johann Augustin Kobelius.
  • Church of St. Ulrich (Ulrichkirche), one of the most interesting Romanesque edifices in Germany. It is a basilica built in 1116-1123, with a bell tower added in the 15th century. It has a nave and two aisles with groin vault. The eastern part has five apses.
  • The Altes Schloss ("Old Castle"), built by the lords of Meissen. Only a tower remains. The New Palace or Neues Schloss was built by Kaspar Tryller, minister of Finances of the Electorate of Saxony, from 1612 to 1622. It is a Renaissance style, and now houses the county court.

In the vicinity are the famous Kyffhäuser Monument and the Barbarossa Cave, the only anhydrite cave in Europe which can be visited by tourists. Sangerhausen is also home to the Europa-Rosarium, the largest collection of roses in the world, created in 1903.

Transport linksEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Sangerhausen is twinned with:

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

 
Julius von Bose

SourcesEdit

  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Sangerhausen". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit