The Sangama dynasty was a dynasty of the Vijayanagara Empire founded in the 14th century by two brothers: Harihara I (also called Vira Harihara or Hakka Raya) and Bukka Raya I. They were the sons of Bhavana Sangama, members of a pastoralist cowherd community that claimed Yadava lineage.
Foundation and early history Edit
Bukka's successor, Harihara II, continued Bukka's campaign through southern India and managed to take control of coastal Andhra between Nellore and Kalinga and conquer the Addanki and Srisailam areas as well as most of the territory between the peninsula to the south of the Krishna River. Harihara II also managed to conquer many Indian ports such as that of Goa, Chaul, and Dabhol.
After Harihara II died the throne was in conflict between Virupaksha Raya, Bukka Raya II, and Deva Raya of which Deva Raya eventually would come out as victor. During his reign, Deva Raya managed to successfully control the vast amount of territory in the empire. The kings after Deva Raya on the other hand did not manage to do anything significant at all for the kingdom. This was until Deva Raya II, who would bring about the golden age of the Sangama Dynasty. Under Deva Raya II's rule, the empire would succeed in completely conquering southern India such as conquering Kondavidu, defeating the ruler of Quilon as well as other chieftains, extending the empire from Odisha to Malabar and from Ceylon to Gulbarga, and also taking over a lot of the major Indian ports. However after Deva Raya II, his incompetent successors would eventually lead to the destruction of the dynasty with the Bahamani Kingdoms continually taking over much of the Vijayanaga territory. Virupaksha Raya II was the last emperor of the dynasty.
List of rulers Edit
- Harihara I (1336–1356 CE), founder of empire and dynasty
- Bukka Raya I (1356–1377 CE), also founder of empire
- Harihara II (1377–1404 CE)
- Virupaksha Raya (1404–1405 CE)
- Bukka Raya II (1405–1406 CE)
- Deva Raya (1406–1422 CE)
- Ramachandra Raya (1422 CE)
- Vira Vijaya Bukka Raya (1422–1424)
- Deva Raya II (1424–1446 CE)
- Mallikarjuna Raya (1446–1465 CE)
- Virupaksha Raya II (1465–1485 CE)
- Praudha Raya (1485 CE), last ruler
See also Edit
- For a map of their territory see: Schwartzberg, Joseph E. (1978). A Historical atlas of South Asia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 147, map XIV.3 (i). ISBN 0226742210.
- Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 103–106. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
- "Short biography of Harihara-I (A.D. 1336—A.D. 1355)".
- Dhere, Ramchandra (2011). Rise of a Folk God: Vitthal of Pandharpur South Asia Research. Oxford University Press, 2011. p. 243. ISBN 9780199777648.
- Ph.D, M. Jankiraman (3 November 2020). Perspectives in Indian History: From the Origins to AD 1857. Notion Press. ISBN 978-1-64983-995-4.