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Sandy is a small market town and civil parish in Bedfordshire, England. It lies 8 miles (13 km) to the east of Bedford, 18 miles (29 km) to the south west of Cambridge and 43 miles (69 km) north of Central London. The town has a population of around 13,400 based on 2015 estimates.[2]

Sandy
Sandy town sign.jpg
The town sign in Sandy
Sandy is located in Bedfordshire
Sandy
Sandy
Sandy shown within Bedfordshire
Population 11,657 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference TL1649
• London 43 miles (69 km) S
Civil parish
  • Sandy
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SANDY
Postcode district SG19
Dialling code 01767
Police Bedfordshire
Fire Bedfordshire and Luton
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bedfordshire
52°07′52″N 0°17′49″W / 52.131°N 0.297°W / 52.131; -0.297Coordinates: 52°07′52″N 0°17′49″W / 52.131°N 0.297°W / 52.131; -0.297

The A1 road bypasses the town to the west, with the East Coast Main Line running to the east. The area surrounding the town is dominated by a range of low hills known as the Sand Hills with the River Ivel running through the town.

The headquarters of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is on the outskirts of the town, having moved to The Lodge in 1961.[3] The Shuttleworth Collection is also nearby, around 2 miles (3 km) south west of Sandy.

Contents

HistoryEdit

An archaeological dig in May 2006 revealed that the area may have been settled earlier than 250 BC.[4] However Sandy was a Roman settlement and was probably an important trading centre and staging post in the Roman era. An ancient hill fort, now heavily wooded and traditionally known as Caesar's Camp, although more commonly called "the sand hills" or "the lookout", still overlooks the town.

Sandy is referred to in the Domesday Book, as Sandeia, a derivation from the Old English Sandieg, meaning a sand-island. In 1086 Sandy was listed in the Domesday Book as being held by Eudo Fitzhubert, who is likely to have been the tenant. He was probably also known as Eudo Dapifer, who was a high steward for William the Conqueror, and based in Colchester Castle.[5]

In addition there were also two mills listed, and both of these would have been water-powered. There are still references to one of them in the road name Mill Lane which runs along the River Ivel. However the mill has since been replaced by housing. Further down the river from the site where the mill once stood is Sandye Place Academy where it is believed there was a Danish camp which was built to protect the Danelaw in 886.[5] Evidence at the Riddy, a local nature reserve just south of Sandy, shows that mill-building has taken place on this site since at least the time of the Norman era, though the last mill was built here in 1857.[6]

The town expanded rapidly in the 1970s with the development of London overspill housing between Sunderland Road and St Neots Road. This expansion continued into the 1990s with new housing developments at Fallow Field and Ivel Park.

GovernmentEdit

Sandy is governed by two tiers of local government: the town council, and the Unitary Authority of Central Bedfordshire. It is within the Parliamentary constituency of North East Bedfordshire.

GeographyEdit

Sandy is 43 miles (69 km) north of Central London with the county town of Bedford 8 miles (13 km) to the west. St Neots, the largest town in Cambridgeshire, lies 7 miles (11 km) to the north with Biggleswade lying 3 miles (4.8 km) to the south.

The River Ivel, a tributary of the River Great Ouse, runs through the town. Parts of the town and adjoining land are designated as a Flood Warning Area. The Greensand Ridge, an escarpment which runs through Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, and Cambridgeshire, runs to the south of the town.

The Sandy Heath transmitting station, a 244 metre tall television broadcast mast, is located to the east of the town.

TransportEdit

 
Roads layout in Sandy (partial)

RoadEdit

Sandy is situated on the A1 which hugs the western edge of the town. The A603 leads west towards Bedford; the B1042 leads east towards Potton and Cambridge. There are a number of bus routes, principally the 73 from Biggleswade to Bedford.

The A1 bypass was one of the earlier 1950s improvements on the Great North Road. The bypass required a new bridge over the River Ivel, built by Dorman Long.[7] The roundabout (former traffic lights before the late 1970s) is with the A603 for Bedford, to the west and the B1042 into Sandy itself and on to Potton and Cambridge. The former A603, to the east is now the B1042. The former north-south route through the town was over Girtford Bridge, to the west of the current route, and now the A603. There were three separate bypass schemes – the Improvement from Sandy to the junction with A428 (Tempsford and Tempsford Bridge Diversions, began December 1957, finished around 1960), Provision of second carriageway (widening) through Girtford (began 2 January 1961, finished around October 1962), and Biggleswade by-pass to Girtford (Girtford Diversion, which opened on 6 August 1961[8] which included pulverised fuel ash as an embankment infill material). The Girtford Underpass was built in the early 1990s by Kimbell Construction, at the former Varsity Line railway bridge.[9]

RailEdit

Railways in Sandy
     
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Footbridge
Girtford Halt
           
         
Bridleway
         
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Brickhill Road
       
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public Footbridge
 
 
 
 
       
       
         
Sandy
       
     
       
       
       
 
 
 
 
   

Sandy railway station is located on the East Coast Main Line and provides half-hourly trains south to central London and beyond to Horsham, and north to Peterborough. Journey times to London are typically around 40 minutes. The station is managed and served by Thameslink and Great Northern.

 
National Rail signpost at Sandy Railway Station.

Past and future rail linksEdit

The Varsity Line, which connected Oxford to Cambridge, ran through Sandy until 1967, stopping at Girtford Halt at the north end of the bypass. From Bedford to Sandy, the line has been paved over and is now part of the NCR 51 cycle route.

This line is currently being considered for re-introduction as part of the East West rail link.

BusEdit

A regular local bus service, provided by Stagecoach in Bedford, runs between Biggleswade, Sandy and Bedford.

AirEdit

Sandy is around 40 minutes drive from London Luton Airport and a one-hour drive from London Stansted Airport.

Sport and leisureEdit

Sandy has an amateur football team, Sandy F.C., who compete in Division One of the Bedfordshire County Football League.

An athletics track, located at Sandy Upper School, is home to Biggleswade Athletic Club.

EducationEdit

Schools in Sandy are 3 tier (lower, middle and upper) as are the rest of the schools in Central Bedfordshire. However, Robert Peel Lower School, St Swithun's Church of England VC Lower School and Sandy Upper School are in various phases of becoming 2 tier (Robert Peel, St. Swithin's, becoming primary and Sandy Upper becoming Secondary)[10]

In 2016, Kim McCamley was appointed headmistress of Maple Tree Lower School. She is also the principal of Sandye Place Academy.[11]

Schools in SandyEdit

3 Tier System 2 Tier System
Lower Schools Maple Tree Lower School Primary Schools St Swithun’s Church of England VC Primary School
Laburnum Lower School Robert Peel Primary School
Robert Peel Lower School
St Swithin's VC Lower School
Middle School Sandye Place Academy (Formerly Sandye Place Middle School) Secondary School Sandy Secondary School* (From Sept 2018)
Upper School Sandy Upper School *(Changing)

Twinned townsEdit

Sandy has been twinned with the town of Malaunay in France since 1982,[12] as a result of which the Sandy Twinning Association was also established.[13] The association has also recently developed links with the town of Skarszewy in Poland.[14]

CommemorationEdit

Frederick Thomas Bidlake is commemorated by a garden and monument, at Girtford Bridge. It was unveiled on 23 September 1934 as more than 4,000 watched W. P. Cook, president of the Anfield Bicycle Club and the Road Records Association, perform the unveiling ceremony. The rector of Sandy blessed the memorial. The garden is triangular with a wall of local stone on one side. In its centre, a stone reads: "This garden is dedicated to Frederick Thomas Bidlake, a great cyclist, a man of singular charm and character, an untiring worker for cyclists 1867–1933". A sundial in the centre of the garden is marked "He measured time". A facsimile milestone is engraved "F. T. B. Few have known this road as he. London 48 – York 148".[15]

Girtford Bridge itself was built in 1780–82 to the designs of the Rutland architect John Wing (1728–1794) assisted by his son John Wing (1756–1826)[16]

There is a statue of William Peel VC in the south transept of St Swithun's Church.[17] Opposite the church across the High Street stands the Sir William Peel pub.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sandy (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2016.
  2. ^ "Statistics and census information". Central Bedfordshire. Retrieved 26 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Get in touch". RSPB. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
  4. ^ Dig unearths clues to town origins. Comet 24. 1 June 2006. Retrieved 22 February 2009
  5. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 May 2009. Retrieved 9 August 2009.. Sandy town website, History page.
  6. ^ "The Riddy". Sandy Town Council. Archived from the original on 18 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  7. ^ The Times 1 January 1957, page 15
  8. ^ National Archives
  9. ^ Girtford Underpass
  10. ^ local knowledge http://www.stswithunssandy.co.uk/ http://www.robertpeellower.co.uk/ http://sandyupper.net/school/show_page/165
  11. ^ http://www.sandyeplaceacademy.org.uk/news/?pid=3&nid=1&storyid=1
  12. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  13. ^ [1]. Sandy Twinning Association.
  14. ^ [2]. Sandy Twinning Association.
  15. ^ http://www.bidlakememorial.org.uk
  16. ^ John Brushe, 'Girtford Bridge and John Wing 2', Bedfordshire Magazine Vol. 15 (1975), p. 59 ff. See Bedfordshire County Council, Girtford Bridge.
  17. ^ A Brief History of St Swithun's Church

External linksEdit