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The Sandinista Renovation Movement (Movimiento Renovador Sandinista or MRS, in Spanish) is a Nicaraguan political party founded on 21 May 1995. It defines itself as a democratic and progressive party, made of women and men, which promotes the construction of a Nicaragua with opportunities, progress, solidarity, democracy and sovereignty.
|President||Suyén Barahona Cuan|
|Founded||18 May 1995|
Left-wing nationalism
|International affiliation||Progressive Alliance|
|Seats in the National Assembly|
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Among its founders were prominent militants of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) who separated from the political party because of disagreements with the leadership under Daniel Ortega. These include former vice president Sergio Ramírez, who served as the first president of the MRS, Dora María Téllez, Luis Carrión Cruz, Luis Felipe Pérez Caldera, Leonor Arguello, Reynaldo Antonio Téfel, and Herty Lewites, who was the presidential candidate of the MRS until his sudden death four months prior to the election.
The constitutive convention of the Movimiento Renovador Sandinista (MRS) was held on 21 May 1995 on the occasion of the centenary of Augusto Sandino (18 May 1895). The convention approved the MRS's foundational documents: Principles, program, statutes, and elected its first national authorities. These foundation documents proceeded to be the guiding principles in this establishment.
From its birth, the founders of the MRS declared their commitment to the postulates of democracy, peace, social equity, and civic struggle.
During 1994 and 1995, the MRS's representatives at the National Assembly participated actively in drafting the constitutional reforms that gave Nicaragua a new legal framework to move towards and to consolidate democracy.
In the presidential and parliamentary elections of 2006, the MRS headed the MRS Alliance, led by the former mayor of Managua, Herty Lewites, who was nominated as a candidate for the presidency with Edmundo Jarquín Calderón as vice-presidential candidate. Polls placed Herty Lewites and the coalition in a solid and growing third place after the FSLN and Alianza Liberal Nicaragüense (ALN).
The MRS Alliance was also known as the Herty 2006 Alliance in allusion to Herty Lewites, and included the Social Christian Party (PSC), Nicaraguan Socialist Party (PSN), Ecologist Green Party of Nicaragua (PVEN), Party for Citizen Action (PAC), the Movement for the Rescue of the Sandinismo and the Change-Reflection-Ethic-Action Movement (CREA),as well as various social groups including the Autonomous Women’s Movement.
In the middle of the electoral campaign, on 2 July 2006, Herty Lewites died. Then, Edmundo Jarquín Calderón became the candidate for the presidency and Carlos Mejía Godoy the candidate for the vice-presidency. Herty Lewites Rodríguez's death greatly affected the possibilities for the MRS Alliance, with Jarquín Calderón polling in third place with between 10% and 15%, but in the end only came fourth with 6.4% of the votes. In the parliamentary election it received nearly 9% of the vote.
On 11 June 2008, in the context of the municipal electoral process for the November 9 elections, the Supreme Electoral Council of Nicaragua (CSE) canceled the legal personality of the MRS, arguing its "self-dissolution". However, only one month earlier, on May 12, the CSE itself had published the final lists of candidates for mayors, deputy mayors, and councilors for all the political parties participating in the elections, including those from the MRS.
In the 2011 national elections, the MRS participated in the UNE alliance (Nicaraguan Unity for the Hope – Spanish: Unidad Nicaragüense por la Esperanza) electoral coalition headed by Fabio Gadea Mantilla of the Independent Liberal Party (PLI), obtaining 2 deputies and 3 substitute deputies in the National Assembly; a deputy owner, and one deputy in the Central American Parliament.
In October 2016, the Broad Front for Democracy (Frente Amplio por la Democracia, FAD) was created. This was an alliance in which the MRS participated together with various political organizations and social movements. FAD's purpose is the establishment of democracy in Nicaragua, through the citizens' civic mobilization.
As a member of the FAD, the MRS is part of the Blue and White National Unity (UNAB), launched on 4 October 2018 as a broad alliance of 43 social and political organizations and movements in opposition to President Ortega.
In the run-up to the 2021 Nicaraguan general election, four MRS leaders were arrested and imprisoned, including party president Suyén Barahona and party founders Dora María Téllez and Hugo Torres Jiménez (aged 65 and 73), as well as Unamos leader Víctor Hugo Tinoco (aged 69), a former assistant foreign minister and former ambassador to the United Nations and Unamos member Tamara Dávila. Tinoco and Dávila were reported by their families to be still imprisoned in September, and kept in isolation. Former Unamos leader Ana Margarita Vijil was also in prison. The five were still imprisoned after 150 days. The reasons issued by the Sandinista government for their detention was for their support and participation in a destabilising exercise against the Sandinista government of Daniel Ortega in 2018. Many of the actions of the insurrectionists are controversially viewed as human rights violations by the Nicaraguan government. Certainly there was a powerful and well orchestrated disinformation campaign against the Ortega government that was contradicted in the mid year national celebrations of 2018 with a record turnout of half a million people demonstrating their support for the government that had survived violent disruptions to civil society.
Presidents of MRSEdit
|Dora María Téllez||1998-2007|
|Ana Margarita Vijil||2012-2017|
- "Historia de la Alianza Movimiento Renovador Sandinista". La prensa. 8 October 2006. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
- "Nicaraguan banker arrested in widening crackdown - Elections News". Al Jazeera. 2021-06-16. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
- "Nicaragua candidate dies suddenly". BBC News. 2006-07-03. Retrieved 2010-05-20.
- "Managua, Nicaragua - Un feo antisomocista y antidanielista". El Nuevo Diario. Archived from the original on 2007-06-10. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "Revista Envío - Herty Lewites: Now a "Spiritual Candidate"". Envio.org.ni. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- "Gadea lanza Unidad Nicaragüense por la Esperanza". Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Blue and white resistance v. the state of exception". Revista Envío. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
- "Fractious Nicaraguan opposition unites to challenge Ortega". Associated Press. 25 June 2020.
- "Nicaragua arrests 7th presidential contender in Nov. 7 vote". ABC News. 2021-07-24. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
- "Nicaragua stages unprecedented roundup of opposition leaders". NBC News. 2021-06-14. Retrieved 2021-11-18.
- "After first visit, family of Nicaraguan detainees describe abuse". France 24. 2021-09-15. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
- "Nicaragua marks 1979 revolution date with opponents jailed". AP NEWS. 2021-07-19. Retrieved 2021-11-17.
- "Dirigentes de Unamos cumplen 150 días detenidos en la DAJ". 10 November 2021.
[] https://www.greenleft.org.au/content/violence-escalates-nicaragua [] [] https://afgj.org/dismissing-the-truth-why-amnesty-international-is-wrong-about-nicaragua https://afgj.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Dismissing-the-Truth-with-links.pdf []