Sandinista Renovation Movement

The Sandinista Renovation Movement (Movimiento Renovador Sandinista or MRS, in Spanish) is a Nicaraguan political party founded on 21 May 1995.[1]

Sandinista Renovation Movement

Movimiento Renovador Sandinista
PresidentSuyén Barahona Cuan
Founded18 May 1995
Split fromFSLN
IdeologySocial democracy
Left-wing nationalism
Political positionCentre-left
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Seats in the National Assembly
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Party flag
MRS flag.png

Among its founders, there are prominent militants of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) group who separated from the political party because of disagreements with the leadership under Daniel Ortega.

Among the founders of the MRS are former vice president Sergio Ramírez, who served as the first president of the group, Dora María Téllez, Luis Carrión Cruz, Luis Felipe Pérez Caldera, Leonor Arguello, and Reynaldo Antonio Téfel.

In 2016 the MRS joined the Progressive Alliance, an international organization composed of more than 130 labor, social democrats, left parties, organisations and movements from around the world.


The constitutive convention of the Movimiento Renovador Sandinista (MRS) was held on 21 May 1995 on the occasion of Augusto C. Sandino's births centenary (18 May 1895). The convention approved the MRS's foundational documents: Principles, program, statutes, and elected its first national authorities.

These foundation documents proceeded to be the guiding principles in this establishment.

From its birth, the founders of the MRS declared their commitment to the postulates of democracy, peace, social equity, and civic struggle.

During 1994 and 1995, the MRS's representatives at the National Assembly participated actively in drafting the constitutional reforms that gave Nicaragua a new legal framework to move towards and to consolidate democracy, in the new context in which both Nicaragua and the world found at that time.

In 1996 the MRS participated in national elections with Sergio Ramírez as a presidential candidate and Leonel Arguello as a candidate for the vice-presidency.

In 2001, based on a programmatic platform with democratic commitments and postulates, the MRS was part of the National Convergence Alliance and through this alliance participated in the presidential elections of that year.

In the presidential and parliamentary elections of 2006, the MRS led the MRS Alliance, led by the former mayor of Managua Herty Lewites, who was nominated as a candidate for the presidency in a formula with Edmundo Jarquín Calderón as vice-presidential candidate.

The MRS Alliance was made up of the MRS and the following parties and movements:

The development of the pre-election campaign presented very favorable possibilities for the MRS Alliance. All the polls placed Herty Lewites and the coalition in a solid and growing third place after the FSLN and Alianza Liberal Nicaragüense (ALN).

In the middle of the electoral campaign, on 2 July 2006, Herty Lewites died. Then, Edmundo Jarquín Calderón became the candidate for the presidency and Carlos Mejía Godoy, a candidate for the vice-presidency.

Herty Lewites Rodríguez (December 24, 1939 – July 2, 2006) sudden death affected the possibilities for the MRS Alliance, which in the end obtained approximately 8% of the votes.

On 11 June 2008, in the context of the municipal electoral process for the November 9 elections, the Supreme Electoral Council of Nicaragua (CSE) - controlled by Daniel Ortega, who took over the government in 2007, canceled the legal personality of the MRS, arguing its "self-dissolution". However, only one month earlier, on May 12, the CSE itself had published the final lists of candidates for mayors, deputy mayors, and councilors for all the political parties participating in the elections, including those from the MRS.

In the 2011 national elections, the MRS participated in the PLI Alianza electoral coalition, obtaining 2 deputies and 3 substitute deputies in the National Assembly; a deputy owner, and one deputy in the Central American Parliament.

In October 2016, the Broad Front for Democracy (Frente Amplio por la Democracia, FAD) was created. This is an alliance in which the MRS participates together with various political organizations and social movements. FAD's purpose is the establishment of democracy in Nicaragua, through the citizens' civic mobilization.

As a member of the FAD, the MRS is part of the Blue and White National Unity, launched on 4 October 2018. The Blue and White National Unity is a broad alliance that brings together the opposition forces to President Daniel Ortega. The Blue and White National Unity is made up of 43 social and political organizations and movements.


The MRS is defined as a democratic and progressive party, made of women and men, which promotes the construction of a Nicaragua with opportunities, progress, solidarity, democracy and sovereignty.

The MRS was born to political life in the struggle to rescue democracy and public institutions currently discredited and without legitimacy in Nicaragua. Likewise, to propose real solutions to the poverty that afflicts the majority of the Nicaraguan people.

National Board of DirectorsEdit

On 18 November 2017, the 8th National Convention of the MRS was held. During this convention, the National Board of Directors was elected.

  • Suyén Barahona Cuan, president
  • Hugo Torres Jímenez, vice-president

Presidents of MRSEdit

President Date
Sergio Ramírez 1995-1998
Dora María Téllez 1998-2007
Enrique Sáenz 2007-2012
Ana Margarita Vijil 2012-2017
Suyén Barahona C. 2017-


  1. ^ "Historia de la Alianza Movimiento Renovador Sandinista". La prensa. Retrieved 9 September 2020.

External linksEdit