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Sander (formerly known as Stizostedion) is a genus of fish in the Percidae (perch) family. They are also known as "pike-perch" because of their resemblance to fish in the unrelated Esocidae (pike) family.

Walleye painting.jpg
Walleye (Sander vitreus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percidae
Subfamily: Luciopercinae
Genus: Sander
Oken, 1817
Type species
Perca lucioperca
5, See text.

Local names for the fish have been the basis for many geographical names, like River Suda in Russia or Saunags village on the Baltic coast.


The genus includes the following 5 species:


Phylogenetic relationships of the species of genus Sander based on the concatenated data set of six gene regions and a Bayesian analysis.[1] Romanichthys valsanicola is the nearest living relative of the genus Sander and is used as an outgroup to root the tree.

Romanichthys valsanicola (nearest relative)


Sander canadensis

Sander vitreus

Sander volgensis

Sander lucioperca

Sander marinus


  1. ^ A.E. Haponski and C.A. Stepien (2013). "Phylogenetic and biogeographical relationships of the Sander pikeperches (Percidae: Perciformes): patterns across North America and Eurasia". Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 110: 156–179. doi:10.1111/bij.12114.

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