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The Sanaga River (formerly German: Zannaga) is a river of East Region, Centre Region and Littoral Region of Cameroon. Its length is about 600 kilometres (370 mi).

Sanaga River
River Sanaga.jpg
The Sanaga River after the Edea Hydroelectric Power Station
Sanaga river map.png
Map of the Sanaga River drainage basin
Location
CountryCameroon
RegionsEast Region, Centre Region, Littoral Region
CitiesEdéa, Nanga Eboko, Bélabo
Physical characteristics
SourceConfluence of Djérem River and Lom River[1]
 ⁃ coordinates5°19′26″N 13°23′52″E / 5.323772°N 13.397769°E / 5.323772; 13.397769
 ⁃ elevation628 m (2,060 ft)
MouthBight of Biafra
 ⁃ coordinates
3°33′34″N 9°39′08″E / 3.559338°N 9.652175°E / 3.559338; 9.652175
 ⁃ elevation
0 m
Length582 km (362 mi), with Djérem 976 km (606 mi)
Basin size132,990 km2 (51,348 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ locationEdéa
 ⁃ average1,985 m3/s (70,100 cu ft/s)
 ⁃ minimum234 m3/s (8,300 cu ft/s)
 ⁃ maximum6,950 m3/s (245,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River systemSanaga River
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftLong River, Tete River, Sele River, Mfam River, Ngoba River
 ⁃ rightMbam River, Mbuku River, Ligene River, Djam River, Dorong River, Jape River, Uem River
WaterbodiesSong Loulou Hydroelectric Power Station, Edea Hydroelectric Power Station
BridgesJapoma Bridge

CourseEdit

The Sanaga River has its Source at the Adamawa Plateau.[2] It is formed by the confluence of the Djérem River and Lom River in the north of the East Region. Apart from those originating rivers, its main tributary is the Mbam River.[3]

KlimaEdit

The Sanaga River forms a boundary between two tropical moist forest ecoregions. The Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests lie to the north between the Sanaga River and the Cross River of Nigeria, and the Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests extend south of the river through southwestern Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, the Republic of the Congo, Cabinda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

HydrologyEdit

The flow of the river was measured at Edéa in m³/s[1]

 

Dams and reservoirsEdit

Beginning at the headwaters, there are 2 dams on the Sanaga River:

Dam Nameplate capacity
(MW)
Reservoir Surface area
(km²)
Total capacity
(Mio. m³)
Song Loulou 384 10
Edea 264

TransportEdit

 
Edea bridge on the Sanaga

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c PDF about the Hydrology of Cameroon (french)
  2. ^ Knaap, M. van der (1994). Status of Fish Stocks and Fisheries of Thirteen Medium-sized African Reservoirs. Food & Agriculture Org. p. 11. ISBN 9789251035818.
  3. ^ Runge, Jürgen (2012-05-30). Landscape Evolution, Neotectonics and Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Cameroon: Palaeoecology of Africa Vol. 31, An International Yearbook of Landscape Evolution and Palaeoenvironments. CRC Press. p. 148. ISBN 9780415677356.

Further readingEdit