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San Sebastián Nicananduta is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico. The municipality covers an area of km². It is part of the Teposcolula District in the center of the Mixteca Region

San Sebastián Nicananduta
Municipality and town
San Sebastián Nicananduta is located in Mexico
San Sebastián Nicananduta
San Sebastián Nicananduta
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 17°31′00.1200″N 97°40′59.8800″W / 17.516700000°N 97.683300000°W / 17.516700000; -97.683300000Coordinates: 17°31′00.1200″N 97°40′59.8800″W / 17.516700000°N 97.683300000°W / 17.516700000; -97.683300000
Country Mexico
StateOaxaca
Population
 (2005)
 • Total1,412
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)

As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of .[1]

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The word Nicananduta, comes from Mixtec Nica: "calls or gushes" and ndute: "water" and means "Place where water gushes".[2]

HistoryEdit

This town was founded approximately in the year of 1700, by function of several neighboring towns. This originated from the abundance of springs and some fruit species, such as apple, Peach, tejocote and Capulín; Likewise by the abundance of wood.

The first name of the town was in the 17th century with denomination San Sebastián del Rincón, following its course until 1780, then it was named San Sebastián de Almoloya, later in the year of 1886 was held as a municipality with the name of San Sebastian Nicananduta to the present day.

At the time of the Mexican Revolution this community was the Zapatista Army barracks and was the C. Jerónimo Orlae, Caudillo of the Agraristas as well as the C. Diódoro battle, Antirreleccionista who fought the Porfirismo and was banished, taught to read and write, the people protected him.

Since the founding of the people education was paid with different educators until the year of 1930, then began the federal primary education with the name of José María Morelos Pavón counting on the first teacher named Josefina Solis.

Notable EventsEdit
Year Event
1909 There was an armed conflict against the neighboring town of San Antonino Monteverde, in which they had to sell their goat cattle, 2 bells owned by the people all to raise a certain amount of money to free their prisoners who were transferred to the City of Tlaxiaco
1980 On January 20, there was an explosion of fireworks in one of the classrooms of the primary school where 3 people were severely wounded and burned and later died from their injuries.
1984 There was an explosion in the center of town in the morning around 2am, it is estimated that the amount of explosives that detonated was about 20 boxes. In the explosion 7 people were injured 1 person from the community and the other 6 from the company Hermanos Borgolla.
1999 In the month of June there was an earthquake with a scale of 7on the Richter scale, where several buildings were damaged including the church, and several schools.


GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

It is located in the western part of the Mixteca Region at a height of 2,360 meters above sea level.

It limits to the north with Santa Maria Chilapa de Díaz, to the west with San Antonino Monteverde, San Juan Ñumi and San Pedro Yucuxaco to the south, to the east with San Pedro and San Pablo Teposcolula; its approximate distance to the capital of the state Oaxaca is 135 kilometers.

The total area of the municipality is 45.06 km² and the surface of the municipality in relation to the state is 0.05%.

Towards the south of the population some quite vegetative mountainous hills are located with an altitude approximately of 3,000 meters of height on the level of the sea, towards the northwest side of the population some rather rocky hills with an altitude of approximately 2,500 msnm are located.

Nicananduta is surrounded by two mountains Cerro Ticóndo and Cerro El Tambor.

Cerro TicóndoEdit

The land around Cerro Ticóndo is located mainly in the hills, but to the southwest is the mountain. The surrounding area is at an altitude of 2,989 meters and 2.8 km south of Cerro Ticóndo. Around 9 people per square kilometer around Cerro Ticóndo have a small population. The less densely populated city is San Andrés Dinicuiti, 18.1 km north of Cerro Ticóndo. Almost distributed in the vicinity of the Ticóndo hill. [4] In the region around Cerro Ticóndo, the field is very common.

Cerro El TamborEdit

The terrain around Cerro El Tambor is quite typical of the countryside. The surrounding area has an altitude of 3,046 meters and 1.1 km west of Cerro El Tambor. There are approximately 9 people per square kilometer. around Cerro El Tambor with a small population. The least populated city is San Miguel Monteverde, 13.5 km west of Cerro El Tambor. Almost covered with El Tambor hill and its surroundings. [4] In the region around Cerro El Tambor, the field is very common.

RiversEdit

Towards the south side of the town several springs are located, leading 2 rivers that go to the center of the population in a north direction towards the south side of the mountains, a river is located towards the city of Tlaxiaco.

climateEdit

It is characterized with 3 types of cold climate of the population towards the south, temperate of the population with north direction, warm to the north of the population with direction to the town of Santo Domingo Yodohino.

Flora and FaunaEdit

Nicananduta includes many types of flora and fauna including Trees: Oaks, Montezuma Pine, Madrona, Junipers, Cactus leafs, Agave Americana. Fauna including: Deer, rabbits, coyotes, foxes, birds of different species, armadillos, squirrels, among others.

CultureEdit

Popular FestivitiesEdit

In the town an annual party is celebrated, in honor of the patron saint San Sebastián Mártir, for this reason there is a fair on 19, 20 and 21 January.

TraditionsEdit

Jaripeos (cowboy festivals), basketball games, fireworks, counts and coronation of the village queen and her princess, doing great dances, among other social events.

MusicEdit

There is regional band music and conjunto (small musical group) music.

ArtisansEdit

In the population the weaving of the petate (mats), tenate (baskets), made by women.

GastronomyEdit

The typical and traditional foods of the town are: tamales, mole, pozole, regional sauce and without missing the delicious beef broth.

GovernmentEdit

Main LocalityEdit

The main town is the municipal seat.

Characterization of City HallEdit

  • The mayor
  • A Trustee
  • 3 councilors (Treasury, Works, Health and Education)
     
    Organization and Structure of the Municipal Public Administration

Organization and Structure of the Municipal Public AdministrationEdit

FunctionsEdit

Municipal President: He is in charge of managing the resources that the municipality receives, as well as coping with municipal, state and federal policies.

Municipal Trustee: He is in charge of assisting the public prosecutor in the first steps.

Treasurer: Together with the President, Trustee and Treasurer, they form the Finance Commission and are responsible for administering the municipality's resources.

Board of Education: He is in charge of educational establishments, such as kindergarten, primary and telesecundaria (High School).

Councilor of Works: In charge of public works carried out in the municipality.

Auxiliary AuthoritiesEdit

Delegates of the communities

Political RegionalizationEdit

The municipality belongs to the 3rd federal electoral district and to the 9th local electoral district.

Municipal RegulationEdit

The municipality has Municipal Ordinances.

Chronology of the Municipal PresidentsEdit

Municipal President
Period of government
Anastasio Avendaño
1900
Carlos Pérez
1901
Pedro Avendaño
1902
Pablo Antonio
1903
José Silvestre Martínez
1904
Lorenzo Pérez
1905
Felipe Santos
1906
José Maria Ramos
1907
Mariano Cruz Rosales
1908
Felipe Santos
1909
Francisco Cruz
1910
Felipe Santos
1911
Apolonio Vásquez
1912
Martín Santos
1913
Domingo Reyes
1914
Jacinto Antonio
1915
Victoriano Santos
1916
Miguel Mendoza
1917
Carlos Pérez
1918
Mariano Cruz Rosales
1919
Severiano Santos
1920
José Esteban Santos
1921
Arcadio Santos
1922-1923
Mariano Cruz
1924
Carlos Pérez
1926
Albino Santos
1927
Arcadio Santos
1928
Trinidad Díaz
1929
Manuel Antonio
1930
Jacinto Hernández
1931
Romualdo Avendaño
1932
Severiano Santos
1934
Pablo Santiago
1935
Genaro Santos
1936
Trinidad Díaz
1937
Santiago Ramírez
1938
Francisco Santos
1939
Marcelino Rodríguez
1940
Santiago Ramírez
1941-1942
Pascual Salazar
1943-1944
Félix Santos
1945-1946
Margarito Sánchez
1947-1948
Genaro Santos
1949-1950
Rosario de Jesús
1951-1952
Calixto Hernández
1953-1954
Crescencio Rodríguez
1955
Lorenzo Cruz Rosales
1956
Marcelino Rodríguez
1957-1958
Sebero de Jesús
1959
Plácido Rodríguez Ramírez
1960
Nicolás Cruz Sánchez
1961
Plácido Rodríguez Ramírez
1962
Guadalupe Cruz de Jesús
1963
Daniel Cruz Rosales
1964
Cipriano Vásquez Santos
1965
Sebastián Rodríguez Ramírez
1966
Crescencio Reyes Martínez
1967
Isaac Bautista de Jesús
1968
Andrés Cruz Salazar
1969
Pablo Hernández Antonio
1970
Andrés Cruz Salazar
1971
Marcelino de Jesús Sánchez
1972
Pablo Hernández (Falleció)
1973
Hermelindo Bautista Hernández (Suplió)
1973
Evaristo Santiago Hernández
1974
Apolinar Rodríguez Santos
1975
Pascual Santos Antonio
1976
Fidel Ramos Reyes
1977
Gregorio Bautista Sánchez
1978
Pedro Morales De Jesús
1979
Bruno Bautista Sánchez
1980
Crescencio Reyes Martínez
1981
Daniel Ruíz Resáles
1982
Román de Jesús Santiago
1983
Nemesio de Jesús
1984
Hermelindo Bautista Hernández
1985
Anacleto Martínez Cruz
1986
Sabino Cruz de Jesús
1987
Ceferino Ortiz Hernández
1988
Norberto de Jesús Santos
1989
Florencio Santiago Santos
1990
Pedro Martínez Miranda
1991
Florentino Ramos Cruz
1992
Aurelio Cruz Velásquez
1993
PRI
Leonardo Hernández Rodríguez
1994
PRI
Galdino Rosales Martínez
1995
PRI
Eulogio Rodríguez Ramírez
1996
UYC
Bernardo Santos Sánchez
1997
UYC
Cornelio Cruz de Jesús
1998
UYC
Justino Rodríguez Ramírez
1999
UYC
Fulgencio Cruz de Jesús
2000
UYC
Máximo Pérez Rodríguez
2001
UYC
Felipe de Jesús Cruz 2002-2004 UYC
Gerardo Cruz de Jesús
2005-2007
UYC
Aureliano Bautista Martínez 2008-2010 UYC
Roberto de Jesús Santos 2011-2013 UYC
Lorenzo Martínez Cruz 2013-2014 UYC
Amadeo Ramos Pérez 2015 UYC

Notable PeopleEdit

There was a professor named Antolín Vázquez who taught to read and write to the inhabitants of the community during the year from 1905 to 1930.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "-". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved June 12, 2009.
  2. ^ "OAXACA - San Sebastián Nicananduta". inafed.gob.mx. Retrieved 2019-04-23.