San Saba (rione of Rome)

San Saba is the 21st rione of Rome, identified by the initials R. XXI. It is located within the Municipio I, and takes its name from the Basilica of San Saba, which is located there.

San Saba
Rione of Rome
The church of San Saba
The church of San Saba
Official seal of San Saba
Seal
Position of the rione within the center of the city
Position of the rione within the center of the city
CountryItaly
RegionLatium
ProvinceRome
ComuneRome
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)

HistoryEdit

The church of San Saba and the attached monastery, which after the fall of the Roman Empire have been for centuries the only populated settlement in the area, were built by some hermits between 7th and 9th century. The monastery soon became a powerful and lively institution, with many properties and an advanced diplomatic activity that made it influential in Constantinople and among the barbarians.

 
A view of some ICP houses

At the beginning of 20th century the church and the monastery were still surrounded by the countryside, and the 1909 town plan led to the urbanization of the area. Between 1907 and 1914 the Municipality commissioned the construction of a public housing complex for the clerical middle class, between the church and the Aurelian Walls to the Istituto Case Popolari. The planning was entrusted to the young architect Quadrio Pirani and the wide, tree-lined roads were named after prominent architects and artists. The public houses are semi-detached houses and little apartment blocks, with no more than 4 floors, each covered with bricks whose color evokes the ancient walls of the monastery.

Positioned on the level top of the Aventine hill, the rione is crossed by rises and steps declining to the walls or to Testaccio.

GeographyEdit

BoundariesEdit

Northward, the rione borders with Ripa (R. XII), being delimited by Largo Manlio Gelsomini, Via Manlio Gelsomini, Piazza Albania, Viale Aventino and Piazza di Porta Capena.

Eastward, San Saba is separated from Celio (R. XIX) by Piazza di Porta Capena, Via Valle delle Camene, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, Piazzale Numa Pompilio and Via di Porta San Sebastiano.

To the south, San Saba borders with quartieri Ardeatino (Q. XX) and Ostiense (Q. X): the boundary is marked by the Aurelian Walls, beside Viale di Porta Ardeatina, and by Piazzale Ostiense.

Westward, the rione is separated from Testaccio (R. XX) by the portion of Via Marmorata between Piazzale Ostiense and Largo Manlio Gelsomini.

OdonymyEdit

The rione revolves around a principal square Piazza Gian Lorenzo Bernini, which gathers all the elements that characterize an autonomous village, e.g. the elementary school, named after Leopoldo Franchetti, a park, a recreation ground and the nearby church, the market, several stores and a little theatre.

One of the main roads of San Saba is Viale Guido Baccelli, passing through the archaeological zone: it was named after the great physician and politician because of his dedication to the promotion of the archaeological area.

Other roads and squares are mostly named after artists and architects. Street names of the rione can be categorized as follows:

Places of interestEdit

Palaces and other buildingsEdit

Archaeological sitesEdit

ChurchesEdit

Coordinates: 41°52′44″N 12°29′11″E / 41.879017°N 12.486293°E / 41.879017; 12.486293