San Saba (rione of Rome)
Rione of Rome
The church of San Saba
Position of the rione within the center of the city
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The church of San Saba and the attached monastery, which after the fall of the Roman Empire have been for centuries the only populated settlement in the area, were built by some hermits between 7th and 9th century. The monastery soon became a powerful and lively institution, with many properties and an advanced diplomatic activity that made it influential in Constantinople and among the barbarians.
At the beginning of 20th century the church and the monastery were still surrounded by the countryside, and the 1909 town plan led to the urbanization of the area. Between 1907 and 1914 the Municipality commissioned the construction of a public housing complex for the clerical middle class, between the church and the Aurelian Walls to the Istituto Case Popolari. The planning was entrusted to the young architect Quadrio Pirani and the wide, tree-lined roads were named after prominent architects and artists. The public houses are semi-detached houses and little apartment blocks, with no more than 4 floors, each covered with bricks whose color evokes the ancient walls of the monastery.
Westward, the rione is separated from Testaccio (R. XX) by the portion of Via Marmorata between Piazzale Ostiense and Largo Manlio Gelsomini.
The rione revolves around a principal square Piazza Gian Lorenzo Bernini, which gathers all the elements that characterize an autonomous village, e.g. the elementary school, named after Leopoldo Franchetti, a park, a recreation ground and the nearby church, the market, several stores and a little theatre.
One of the main roads of San Saba is Viale Guido Baccelli, passing through the archaeological zone: it was named after the great physician and politician because of his dedication to the promotion of the archaeological area.
Other roads and squares are mostly named after artists and architects. Street names of the rione can be categorized as follows:
- Local names, such as Via di San Saba, Via di Villa Pepoli and Viale Aventino;
- Names that recall Roman antiquity, e.g. Piazza Remuria, Via Antonina, Via Antoniniana (both named after Antoninus Caracalla), Via Annia Faustina, Via Lucio Fabio Cilone, Via delle Terme di Caracalla;
- Artists and architects, e.g. Leon Battista Alberti, Francesco Borromini, Bramante, Giacomo Della Porta, Giotto, Pirro Ligorio, Carlo Maderno, Andrea Palladio, Baldassarre Peruzzi, Bartolomeo Pinelli, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Baccio Pontelli, Flaminio Ponzio, Ercole Rosa, Federico Zuccari;
- Fallen in the Battle for Rome in 1943, e.g. Largo Bruno Baldinotti and Largo Enzo Fioritto.
Places of interestEdit
Palaces and other buildingsEdit
- FAO Headquarters, in Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
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