San Juan River (Nicaragua)

The San Juan River (Spanish: Río San Juan), also known as El Desaguadero ("the drain"), is a 192-kilometre (119 mi) river that flows east out of Lake Nicaragua into the Caribbean Sea. A large section of the border between Nicaragua and Costa Rica runs on the southern bank of the river. It was part, with the lake, of a proposed route for a Nicaragua Canal in the 19th century.[1] The idea of the project has been revived in the last decade, including the possibility of other routes within the country.[citation needed] The Ecocanal project has obtained a Concession from the National Assembly of Nicaragua to re-open the San Juan River to commercial barge traffic.

San Juan River
San Juan River
San Juan River (Nicaragua) is located in Nicaragua
San Juan River (Nicaragua)
Mouth of the river
Native nameRío San Juan (Spanish)
Physical characteristics
 • locationLake Nicaragua
 • location
San Juan Lagoon on the Caribbean Sea
 • coordinates
10°56′23″N 83°41′54″W / 10.93972°N 83.69833°W / 10.93972; -83.69833
Length110 mi (180 km)

The Cañas–Jerez Treaty states that Nicaragua owns the waters of the river and that Costa Rica can only use it for commercial navigation on certain parts of the river at Nicaragua's discretion.

The San Juan River is home to freshwater bull sharks that also go into Lake Nicaragua in addition to a wide array of marine life and biodiversity.

History Edit

Before the Panama Canal, the San Juan River was frequently used as a major part of the route from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. Many people, including African slaves, were transported via this route[citation needed]. During the California Gold Rush, many people from all over the world traveled to California to mine for gold. Tens of thousands took a steamboat that was operated by the Accessory Transit Company and was directed by Cornelius Vanderbilt.[2] The boat travelled up the San Juan River and across Lake Nicaragua; a stagecoach completed the connection to the Pacific coast.

Rapids Edit

As one travels upstream from the Caribbean Sea to Lake Nicaragua, one encounters the following sets of rapids:[3]

  • Raudal de Machuca
  • Raudal del Mico
  • Raudal Los Valos
  • Raudal del Castillo (Raudal del Diablo)
  • Raudal del Toro

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Frank Jacobs (February 28, 2012). "The First Google Maps War". The New York Times.
  2. ^ Greenberg, Amy S. (2005). Manifest manhood and the Antebellum American empire. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-84096-1.
  3. ^ Ephraim George Squier (1852). Nicaragua: its people, scenery, monuments, and the proposed interoceanic canal. Vol. I. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans. pp. 82, 106, 193. Retrieved 2011-04-22.

External links Edit