San Giorgio in Alga

San Giorgio in Alga (English: "St. George in the seaweed"[1]) is an island of the Venetian lagoon, northern Italy, lying between the Giudecca and Fusina (a frazione of Venice on the coast, near Marghera).

San Giorgio in Alga
San Giorgio In Alga.jpg
The island of San Giorgio in Alga, seen from the lagoon
San Giorgio in Alga is located in Venetian Lagoon
San Giorgio in Alga
San Giorgio in Alga
Geography
Coordinates45°25′30″N 12°17′31″E / 45.425°N 12.291944°E / 45.425; 12.291944Coordinates: 45°25′30″N 12°17′31″E / 45.425°N 12.291944°E / 45.425; 12.291944
Adjacent bodies of waterVenetian Lagoon
Administration
RegionVeneto
ProvinceProvince of Venice

HistoryEdit

After a Benedictine monastery was founded about 1000 AD, more monasteries followed. In 1404, Ludovico Barbo, the commendatory prior of a monastery of Augustinian friars on the island which was almost abandoned, gave the monastery to a small community of canons leading a contemplative life. The canons of the monastery instituted reforms to the canonical life which were quickly adopted in other communities of canons throughout the region. Soon they became the head of a congregation known as the Canons Regular of San Giorgio in Alga.[2] One of Barbo's reforms was to allow the canons to sleep in separate cells to provide more opportunity for solitary prayer.[3]

In 1717 a fire burnt most of the buildings on the island. As of 1799 there was a political prison, but nowadays the island is completely abandoned.

The island was used in 1944 as a secret base for German military personnel training under the auspices of Italian Lt-Cmdr Wolk to master mine laying against Allied ships as free-diving frogmen. To avoid being discovered they practised only at night.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ruskin, John (1853). The Stones of Venice: The Fall. Volume the Third (First ed.). London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 301.
  2. ^ Catholic encyclopedia
  3. ^ The church in Italy in the fifteenth century by Denys Hay 2002 ISBN 0-521-52191-2 page 76

ReferencesEdit

  • Guida d’Italia del Touring Club Italiano, Venice