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San Francisco, Agusan del Sur

San Francisco, officially the Municipality of San Francisco (Cebuano: Lungsod sa San Francisco; Tagalog: Bayan ng San Francisco), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Agusan del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 74,542 people.[3]

San Francisco
Municipality of San Francisco
San Francisco - Montage
San Francisco - Montage
Official seal of San Francisco
Commercial Capital of Agusan del Sur
Map of Agusan del Sur with San Francisco highlighted
Map of Agusan del Sur with San Francisco highlighted
San Francisco is located in Philippines
San Francisco
San Francisco
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 8°31′N 125°59′E / 8.51°N 125.98°E / 8.51; 125.98Coordinates: 8°31′N 125°59′E / 8.51°N 125.98°E / 8.51; 125.98
Country Philippines
RegionCaraga (Region XIII)
ProvinceAgusan del Sur
District2nd District
FoundedJune 21, 1959
Barangays27 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorSolomon T. Rufila
 • Vice MayorBernardino S. Ursos
 • CongressmanAdolph Edward G. Plaza
 • Electorate47,464 voters (2019)
 • Total392.53 km2 (151.56 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total74,542
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence32.22% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue (₱)248,724,165.88 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)85
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Native languagesAgusan language

In 2013, San Francisco topped first as the "Most Competitive Municipality in the Philippines" according to the National Competitiveness Council (NCC) from out of the 163 first-class municipalities covered by their index.[5]

The protected area of the Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary can also be reached in San Francisco thru the Barangays Caimpugan and New Visayas.

The town is known for the gigantic Toog Tree of Alegria, which is the most sacred tribal tree for many of the indigenous peoples of San Francisco. The town is also popular for its Irosin stone crafts, which has been the cottage industry of many indigenous families in the area for hundreds of years. Due to the town's commendable folk arts and crafts made in stone, many scholars have suggested for its nomination in the UNESCO Creative Cities Network.

The town's name is sometimes colloquially shortened to "San Franz" or alternately spelled "San Frans".


The birth of San Francisco is associated with the history of Agusan and Surigao del Sur. Before San Francisco became a municipality, it was part of the District of Gibong, which was then governed by Deputy Governor Francisco Cataylo. During this period, the district comprised the barrios of Santa Ana, Caimpugan, Ebro, Borbon, La Caridad, Prosperidad, Azpetea and Los Arcos, with Santa Ana the seat of government. Like other barrios, Santa Ana comprised several sitios, including Sitio Hagpa, which was the site of the present day San Francisco. Hagpa was coined from a Manobo word for "swampy" as the sitio was a small village nestled along the Adlayan River and inhabited by Manobo tribes.

The opening of the Province of Agusan del Sur to most parts of Mindanao came during the government of President Ramon Magsaysay who ordered the first road survey to be conducted by the Department of Highway in 1952. In early 1954, road construction began paving the way for the institution of public land subdivision and the in-migration of different local tribes and settlers from the various provinces of Mindanao, Visayas and Luzon.

Hagpa was later renamed San Francisco in honor of Deputy District Governor Francisco Cataylo. In early 1955, the first local government was established as San Francisco was created as a Municipal District. Francisca Tesoro Samson was appointed as the first Municipal District Mayor by then Provincial Governor Felixberto Dagani. In June 21, 1959, through Republic Act No. 2518, San Francisco was officially created into a regular municipality of the Province of Agusan.[6] In the same year, the first local officials of the municipality were elected with the Atty. Paquito Fuentes as the first elected municipal mayor, who served for three consecutive terms of office. He was succeeded by his vice mayor, Cresencio Ausmolo who stayed in office by operation of law during the latter half-portion of his last term.

Eight years after its creation as a regular municipality, on June 17, 1967, through Republic Act No. 4979, the Province of Agusan was divided into the Provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur, in which San Francisco was part of the latter.[7] The continued growth of Agusan del Sur also saw the development of the municipality of San Francisco. Its growing population later paved the way for the creation of the municipality of Rosario through Republic Act No. 5760 approved by President Diosdado Macapagal on June 21, 1969, just two years after the creation of Agusan del Sur. As a result, the several barrios of San Francisco including Bayugan III, Wasi-an, Santa Cruz, Cabawan, Cabantao, Marfil and Tagbayagan were incorporated in the newly created municipality.[8] The barrios of Buenasuerte, Caimpogan, Pasta, Lapinigan, Ebro, New Visayas, Bayugan II, Borbon, Tagapua, Pisaan, Santa Ana, Hubang, Alegria, San Isidro, Das-agan, Ladgadan, Lucac, Bitan-agan and Poblacion consisting of five barrios as stated in PD No. 86 dated December 31, 1972, remained to form part of the 39,253-hectare Municipality of San Francisco. The barrios of Rizal, Ormaca, Mate and Karaos were later created and added to form final 27 barangays of the present day San Francisco.


San Francisco is located at 8°31′N 125°59′E / 8.51°N 125.98°E / 8.51; 125.98.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 392.53 square kilometres (151.56 sq mi)[2] constituting 3.93% of the 9,989.52-square-kilometre- (3,856.98 sq mi) total area of Agusan del Sur.


San Francisco is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.[9]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[10]
160308001 Alegria 9.8% 7,310 6,053 3.66%
160308015 Barangay 1 (Poblacion) 7.9% 5,902 4,741 4.26%
160308016 Barangay 2 (Poblacion) 3.4% 2,506 2,993 −3.32%
160308017 Barangay 3 (Poblacion) 4.9% 3,642 3,315 1.81%
160308018 Barangay 4 (Poblacion) 3.9% 2,939 3,250 −1.90%
160308019 Barangay 5 (Poblacion) 7.0% 5,239 4,926 1.18%
160308002 Bayugan 2 6.2% 4,644 4,896 −1.00%
160308025 Bitan-agan 1.4% 1,046 1,079 −0.59%
160308003 Borbon 3.8% 2,850 2,696 1.06%
160308026 Buenasuerte 2.1% 1,566 1,766 −2.26%
160308005 Caimpugan 2.1% 1,590 1,751 −1.82%
160308027 Das-agan 2.4% 1,824 1,803 0.22%
160308006 Ebro 1.8% 1,325 1,496 −2.28%
160308007 Hubang 4.2% 3,166 2,659 3.38%
160308028 Karaus 4.2% 3,148 2,686 3.07%
160308029 Ladgadan 1.3% 981 992 −0.21%
160308008 Lapinigan 6.9% 5,150 4,627 2.06%
160308009 Lucac 1.7% 1,294 966 5.72%
160308010 Mate 2.0% 1,497 1,616 −1.45%
160308011 New Visayas 1.8% 1,334 1,735 −4.88%
160308030 Ormaca 1.1% 805 793 0.29%
160308012 Pasta 4.1% 3,061 3,429 −2.14%
160308013 Pisa-an 4.6% 3,429 2,611 5.33%
160308020 Rizal 1.2% 904 1,331 −7.10%
160308021 San Isidro 5.0% 3,737 3,089 3.69%
160308022 Santa Ana 1.7% 1,256 1,283 −0.40%
160308024 Tagapua 3.2% 2,397 2,404 −0.06%
Total 74,542 99,361 −5.33%


YearPop.±% p.a.
1939 4,156—    
1948 5,434+3.02%
1960 16,535+9.72%
1970 17,636+0.65%
1975 19,097+1.61%
1980 27,153+7.29%
1990 43,878+4.92%
1995 50,844+2.80%
2000 56,968+2.47%
2007 62,881+1.37%
2010 70,986+4.51%
2015 74,542+0.94%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][10][11][12]

In the 2015 census, San Francisco had a population of 74,542.[3] The population density was 190 inhabitants per square kilometre (490/sq mi).


San Francisco is the "Commercial Capital of Agusan del Sur", serving as the primary commercial and service center in the province of Agusan del Sur. Situated within the crossroad leading to other production centers in the region, San Francisco will serve as the primary distribution point of goods and people for the province. The presence of malls, hotels, health institutions, inland resorts, colleges, private/public national, provincial and local offices, restaurants, banks, communication and transportation facilities makes San Francisco the training convention center of the province and a favored place for visitors to stay. Mount Magdiwata adds character to the area.


List of public and private educational institutions:

  • Agusan del Sur National High School
  • Alegria Elementary School
  • AMA Computer College
  • Bayugan 2 National High School (formerly Bayugan 2 Integrated School)
  • Buenasuerte Elementary School
  • Buenasuerte High School
  • Bitan-agan Elementary School
  • Caimpugan Elementary School
  • Bukidnon State University (San Francisco - External Studies Center)
  • Das-agan Elementary School
  • D.O Plaza National High School
  • Divine Mercy Play School (Preschool & Kindergarten)
  • Karaos Elementary School
  • Ladgadan Elementary school
  • Lapinigan Central Elementary School
  • Lapinigan National High School
  • Light and Life Christian Learning Center (Pre-school & Elementary)
  • Mate Elementary School
  • Mount Carmel College (Kindergarten, Elementary, High School & College)
  • New Visayas Elementary School
  • Ong Yiu Memorial Elementary School
  • Ormaca Elementary School
  • Pasta Elementary School
  • Pisaan Elementary School
  • Saint Francis Xavier College
  • San Francisco Colleges (High School & College)
  • San Francisco Pilot Central Elementary School (Kindergarten & Elementary)
  • San Francisco SDA Elementary School (Kindergarten & Elementary)
  • San Francisco SPED Learning Center
  • San Francisco West Central Elementary School (Kindergarten & Elementary)
  • San Isidro Elementary School
  • Southway College of Technology
  • Santa Ana Elementary School
  • STI College
  • Tagapua Elementary School


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Agusan del Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  5. ^ Desiderio, Louella D. (31 July 2013). "CDO tops list of Phl's most competitive cities". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on 30 January 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016. Out of the 163 first-class municipalities covered by the index, Luz said the municipality of San Francisco in Agusan del Sur clinched the top spot.
  6. ^ "Republic Act No. 2518 - an Act Creating the Municipality of San Francisco, Province of Agusan". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 21 June 1959. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Republic Act No. 4979; An Act Creating the Provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. 17 June 1967. Archived from the original on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Republic Act No. 5760; An Act Creating the Municipality of Rosario in the Province of Agusan". The Corpus Juris. 21 June 1969. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Municipal: San Francisco, Agusan del Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  10. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Caraga". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Agusan del Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.