Samurzakano (Georgian: სამურზაყანო, Samurzak'ano, Samurzaqano) is a historical region in southeastern Abkhazia,[1] in western Georgia.[2] [3] Populated by Samurzakanians.

Samurzakano Militia standard, 1841
Samurzakano Militia standard, 1841
Samurzakano is located in Abkhazia
Map highlighting the historical region of Samurzakano
Samurzakano is located in Georgia
Samurzakano (Georgia)
Coordinates: 42°41′N 41°39′E / 42.683°N 41.650°E / 42.683; 41.650Coordinates: 42°41′N 41°39′E / 42.683°N 41.650°E / 42.683; 41.650
An approximate geographical area.
Country Georgia


Samurzakano and Abkhazia under the Russian Empire in 1899.
Samurzakano and Abkhazia under the Russian Empire in 1843.

Samurzakano was established as a fief of one of the branches of the Chachba family in the early 18th century. It included the territory of the contemporary Gal district and part of Ochamchira district.

The Georgian Soviet Encyclopaedia wrote "in 1705 three brothers of the Abkhazian ruling family, surnamed Chachba (in Georgian Shervashidze) divided up their territory, one taking the north (from Gagra to the R. Kodor), the second the central Abzhywa region (from the Kodor to the R. Ghalidzga), and the third, Murzaqan, the southern part (from the Ghalidzga to the R. Ingur), and so this province, which was roughly equivalent to the modern Gal District, became known as Samurzaqano."[2][4]




  1. ^ The political status of Abkhazia is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Georgia in 1992, Abkhazia is formally recognised as an independent state by 5 UN member states (two other state recognised it but then withdrew its recognition), while Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own territory, designating it as Russian-occupied territory.
  2. ^ a b Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, v. 9, p. 37, Tb., 1985.
  3. ^ კახა კვაშილავა, ისტორიული სამურზაყანო (XVII-XVIII სს. მიჯნა – 1840 წ.). საკვალიფიკაციო ნაშრომი ისტორიის დოქტორის /Ph.D/ აკადემიური ხარისხის მოსაპოვებლად, თბილისი, 2009
  4. ^ Kakha N. Kvashilava. From the Historical Past of Samurzakano (The Turn of XVII-XVIII Centuries – 1840). Tbilisi, 2011 (in Georgian; Summaries in English and Russian)