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Samuel Samuel (7 April 1855 – 23 October 1934[1]) was a Baghdadi British businessman and Conservative Party politician. He sat in the House of Commons from 1913 to 1934, and had extensive investments in East Asia. He was the founder of the company that would become Royal Dutch Shell.

Samuel Samuel
Samuel Samuel.png
Born(1855-04-07)April 7, 1855
Baghdad, Iraq
DiedOctober 23, 1934(1934-10-23) (aged 79)
Known forFounder, Samuel Samuel & Co
Founder, The "Shell" Transport and Trading Company
RelativesMarcus Samuel (brother)

BiographyEdit

Samuel, born in Baghdad, Iraq, into a Baghdadi Sephardic Jewish family who settled in the East End of London, founded Samuel Samuel & Co in Yokohama, Japan, in partnership with his elder brother Marcus Samuel, creator of the Shell Transport and Trading company. The opening of this trading company helped pave the way for the industrialization of Japan, and Japan's thirst for fuel.

Samuel unsuccessfully contested Leeds West at the 1906 and January 1910 general elections,[2] and was unsuccessful again in Sunderland at the December 1910 general election.[3]

He was elected as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Wandsworth at a by-election in June 1913, following the resignation of Sir Henry Kimber, Bt.[4] The constituency was divided at the 1918 general election, when he was returned as a Coalition Conservative for the new Putney division of Wandsworth.[5] He held the seat until his death in October 1934, aged 79.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ editores, edited by William D. Rubinstein ; associate; Jolles, Michael A.; Rubinstein, Hilary L. (2011). The Palgrave dictionary of Anglo-Jewish history. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 856. ISBN 9781403939104.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1974]. British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 135. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
  3. ^ Craig, British parliamentary election results 1885–1918, page 197
  4. ^ Craig, British parliamentary election results 1885–1918, page 58
  5. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 58. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

External linksEdit