Samuel Provoost (March 11, 1742 – September 6, 1815) was an American Clergyman. He was the first Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New York, as well as the third (possibly the second[clarification needed]) Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, USA. He was consecrated as bishop of New York in 1787 with Bishop William White. He was the first Episcopal Bishop of Dutch and Huguenot ancestry.
|3rd Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church|
|Province||The Episcopal Church|
|Other posts||Bishop of New York|
|Ordination||1766, as priest|
|Consecration||1787, as bishop of New York|
|Born||March 11, 1742|
New York City
|Died||September 6, 1815|
Maria Bousfield (m. 1766)
Samuel Provoost was born in New York City, New York to John Provoost and Eva Rutgers in 26 Feb. 1742. He was baptized in 28 Feb. 1742 (The Roosevelt Genealogy, 1649-1902). He was a descendant of William Provoost, who was of a Huguenot family (some of the early settlers in Quebec). His paternal grandmother was Mary (née Spratt) Alexander (1693–1760).
Samuel was educated at King's College, which is now known as Columbia University. Provoost graduated from King's College in 1758. In 1761 he arrived in England and continued his studies at St. Peter's College, Cambridge. Samuel was fluent in Hebrew, Greek and Latin, and while he was at the College he learned French and Italian gaining the distinction as a linguist. Samuel Provoost also matriculated at the University of Leiden, July 28, 1764.
In 1766, Provoost was ordained a deacon at the Chapel Royal of St James's Palace in Westminster. In September 1766, Provoost sailed to New York with his wife and in December he became an assistant minister of Trinity parish, a post he retained until 1774 when he withdrew. He declined to serve as delegate to the Continental Congress, though his patriotic impulses led him to join his neighbors in their pursuit of the British after the burning of the town of Esopus. He did not resume the active ministry until the close of the war.
In 1784, he became rector of Trinity Church, New York and, in 1785, chaplain of the Continental Congress. Provoost was elected first Bishop of New York at the Diocesan Convention in 1786. A short while later, he was honored with the degree of Doctor of Divinity from the University of Pennsylvania. In 1787, Provoost was consecrated with Dr. William White at Lambeth Place by Dr. John Moore. Provoost was elected Chaplain to the Senate in 1789. Due to health issues, he resigned the rectorship of Trinity in 1800. The following year, Provoost sought to relinquish his episcopal office, but the House of Bishops declined his resignation, instead appointing an Assistant Bishop. Provoost retired in 1801.
On June 8, 1766, he married Maria Bousfield (d. 1799) who was the daughter of Thomas Bousfield, a rich Irish banker and the sister of Benjamin Bousfield, a Sheriff of Cork City. Their children were:
- Maria Provoost (1770–1837), who married Cadwallader D. Colden (1769–1834) in 1793.
- Benjamin Bousfield Provoost (1776–1841), who married Nellie French (d. 1863) in 1803, and had 8 children.
- John Provoost (d. 1800), who died young.
- Susanna Elizabeth Provoost, who married George Rapalje (1771–1885) in 1798. and later Dr. Julian Xavier Charbet (1792–1859).
- John Moore, 88th Archbishop of Canterbury
- William Markham, 77th Archbishop of York
- Charles Moss, Bishop of Bath and Wells
- "Samuel Provoost; American Clergyman" "Encyclopædia Britannica"
- Sprague, William B., "Rt Rev. Samuel Provoost" "Project Canterbury" 2008
- "Provost (or Provoost), Samuel (PRVT761S)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Album Studiosorum Academiae Lugduno Batavae MDLXXV-MDCCCLXXV, kol. 1082.
- Index to English speaking students who have graduated at Leyden university / by Edward Peacock, F.S.A. - London : For the Index society, by Longmans, Green & co. 1883, p. 80, 1082.
- Wilson, James G., "A Sketch of the First Bishop of New York" "Project Canterbury" 2008
- Chorley, E. C., "Samuel Provoost: First Bishop of New York" "Project Canterbury" 2010
- Ryder, George T. (August 21, 1886). "The First Bishop of New York". The Churchman. Churchman Company: 201–202. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Greene, Richard Henry; Stiles, Henry Reed; Dwight, Melatiah Everett; Morrison, George Austin; Mott, Hopper Striker; Totten, John Reynolds; Pitman, Harold Minot; Ditmas, Charles Andrew; Forest, Louis Effingham De; Maynard, Arthur S.; Mann, Conklin (1880). The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Valentine's Manual of Old New York. Valentine's manual, Incorporated. 1916. p. 228. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Whittelsey, Charles Barney (1902). The Roosevelt Genealogy, 1649-1902. Press of J.B. Burr & Company. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Adams, Louisa Catherine (2014). A Traveled First Lady. Harvard University Press. p. 305. ISBN 9780674369276. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Fisher, James (2015). Historical Dictionary of American Theater: Beginnings. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780810878334. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Historical Documents about Provoost from Project Canterbury
- U.S. Senate Chaplains
- Samuel Provoost records at Trinity Wall Street Archives
|Episcopal Church (USA) titles|
| 1st Bishop of New York
| 3rd Presiding Bishop
September 13, 1792 – September 8, 1795
| 1st US Senate Chaplain
April 25, 1789 – December 9, 1790