Samuel Hood, 2nd Baron Bridport

Samuel Hood, 2nd Baron Bridport (7 September 1788 – 6 January 1868), of Redlynch House in Wiltshire, of Cricket House at Cricket St Thomas in Somerset, and of 12 Wimpole Street in Westminster,[2] was a British politician and peer.

Samuel Hood, 2nd Baron Bridport, albumen print carte de visite by Camille Silvy, from the album of his friend Col. Thomas-Chaloner Bisse-Challoner.
Arms of Hood, Baron Bridport (1794), Viscount Bridport (1868): Azure, a fret argent on a chief or three crescents sable.[1]

Family backgroundEdit

He was born in 1788, the second son of Henry Hood, 2nd Viscount Hood (1753-1836), Chamberlain of the Household to Queen Caroline, by his wife Jane Wheeler (c.1754-1847), daughter and heiress of Francis Wheeler of Whitley Hall[3] near Coventry in Warwickshire, by his wife Jane Smith, a daughter of the banker Abel Smith I (1686–1756)[4] of Nottingham, a son of Thomas Smith (1631–1699), the founder of Smith's Bank in Nottingham and father of Sir George Smith, 1st Baronet (1713-1769) "of East Stoke in the County of Nottingham" and of Abel Smith II (1717–1788), MP. Members of the Wheeler and Hood families were buried in St Michael's Church in Coventry,[5] elevated to Coventry Cathedral in 1918 and destroyed by German bombing during World War II.

Education and political careerEdit

He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, obtaining an M.A. degree in 1809.[6] He served as a Tory Member of Parliament for Heytesbury in Wiltshire from 1812 to 1818.

Succeeded as Baron BridportEdit

In 1814 he succeeded his childless great-uncle Admiral Alexander Hood, 1st Viscount Bridport, 1st Baron Bridport (1726-1814) as Baron Bridport, under the special remainder of that title in the Peerage of Ireland.

Marriage and issueEdit

 
Arms of William Nelson, 1st Earl Nelson, 2nd Duke of Bronté, being the augmented arms of his younger brother Admiral Horatio Nelson further augmented with a fess wavy azure thereon inscribed the word "Trafalgar" or. Today quartered by Hood, Viscount Bridport, descendants of the 1st Earl's daughter, the 3rd Duchess of Bronté.[7]

On 3 July 1810 in the parish of Marylebone, London, he married Charlotte Mary Nelson (1787–1873), suo jure 3rd Duchess of Bronté in Sicily (an Italian title), only surviving child and heiress of the Rev. William Nelson, 1st Earl Nelson, 2nd Duke of Bronté (1757–1835), Rector of Brandon Parva and later of Hilborough, both in Norfolk, from 1814 seated at Trafalgar Park, Downton in Wiltshire and at nearby Redlynch House in Wiltshire,[8] elder brother and heir of the great Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, 1st Duke of Bronté, the victor of the Battle of Trafalgar. Through his wife he also inherited the Castello di Nelson, a grand manor house built by Horatio Nelson at great expense, and its large estate between Bronte and Maniace in Sicily[9] on the north-west foothills of Mount Etna, held by his descendants until 1982. He found the local inhabitants "turbulent, restless people" troublesome to the management of the estate, and like his brother the Admiral he never set foot in it.[10] By his wife he had nine children.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Montague-Smith, P.W. (ed.), Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, Kelly's Directories Ltd, Kingston-upon-Thames, 1968 , pp.174 (Viscount Bridport).
  2. ^ Thomas Robson, The British Herald, 1830[1]
  3. ^ https://www.coventrysociety.org.uk/coventry-neighbourhoods/whitley.html
  4. ^ http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/hood1796.htm
  5. ^ https://www.coventrysociety.org.uk/coventry-neighbourhoods/whitley.html
  6. ^ "Hood, Samuel; afterwards Baron Bridport (HT805S)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  7. ^ Montague-Smith, P.W. (ed.), Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, Kelly's Directories Ltd, Kingston-upon-Thames, 1968, p.174, Viscount Bridport
  8. ^ "Redlynch House and park, 25 acres, was bought before 1833 by William, Earl Nelson, and used by his son-in-law Samuel Hood, Baron Bridport. It had been sold by 1837 to Thomas William Coventry". (A P Baggs, Elizabeth Crittall, Jane Freeman and Janet H Stevenson, 'Parishes: Downton', in A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 11, Downton Hundred; Elstub and Everleigh Hundred, ed. D A Crowley (London, 1980), pp. 19-77[2])
  9. ^ https://www.icastelli.it/it/sicilia/catania/maniace/castello-di-nelson
  10. ^ The English Duchy ay the foot of Etna[3]

External linksEdit

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Dr Charles Moore
Viscount FitzHarris
Member of Parliament for Heytesbury
1812–1818
With: Charles Duncombe
Succeeded by
George James Welbore Agar-Ellis
William Henry John Scott
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Alexander Hood
Baron Bridport
1814–1868
Succeeded by
Alexander Nelson Hood