Samuel (Hebrew: שְׁמוּאֵל Šəmūʾēl, Tiberian: Šămūʾēl)[1] is a male given name and a surname of Hebrew origin. It means "name of God", deriving from the Hebrew Shem (שֵׁם) (which means "name")[2] + ʾĒl (which means "God" or "deity").[3] However, from the explanation given in 1 Samuel 1:20, the name could alternatively come from a contraction of the Hebrew שְׁאִלְתִּיו מֵאֵל (Modern: Šəʾīltīv mēʾĒl, Tiberian: Šĭʾīltīw mēʾĒl), meaning "I have asked/borrowed him from God".[4][5] This is the verse in which the Prophet Samuel's mother Hannah names her son, after praying that she would be able to give birth. Her prayers having been answered, she dedicates the child to God as a Nazirite. Samuel was the last of the ruling judges in the Old Testament. He anointed Saul to be the first King of Israel and later anointed David.

Samuel anointing David
PronunciationEnglish: /ˈsæmjəl, -jəl/
French: [samɥɛl]
Spanish: [saˈmwel]
Portuguese: [sɐmuˈɛl]
German: [ˈzaːmuːʔeːl]
Finnish: [ˈsɑmuel]
Slovak: [ˈsamuel]
MeaningName of God
Other names
Nickname(s)Sam, Sami, Sammie, Sammy
Related namesSam, Sammy, Samantha, Sameth, Samberg, Shmuel

As a Christian name, Samuel came into common use after the Protestant Reformation. Famous bearers include the American inventor Samuel F. B. Morse (1791–1872), the Irish writer Samuel Beckett (1906–89) and the American author Samuel Clemens (1835–1910), who wrote under the pen name Mark Twain.[6]

The name Samuel is popular amongst Black Africans, as well as among African Americans who follow Christianity and Islam alike. It is also widespread amongst the modern Jewish communities, especially Sephardic Jews and Ashkenazi Jews. It is also quite popular in countries that speak English, French, German, Dutch, Spanish, and Portuguese, as well as in Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Scandinavia, Italy, Romania, Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia and Croatia.

Translations edit

Feminine variants edit

  • Samuela
  • Samantha
  • Samuelle
  • Samuella
  • Samanta

Notable people edit

Samuel may refer to: (see also: Sam, Sammy, etc.)

Given name edit

Surname edit

A-C edit

D-I edit

J-P edit

R-X edit

Fictional characters edit

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Khan, Geoffrey (2020). The Tiberian Pronunciation Tradition of Biblical Hebrew, Volume 1. Open Book Publishers. ISBN 978-1783746767.
  2. ^ "Strong's Hebrew Concordance - 7760. shem".
  3. ^ "Strong's Hebrew Concordance - 410. el".
  4. ^ "I Samuel 1:20". Sefaria.
  5. ^ "Radak on Genesis 5:29:1". Sefaria.
  6. ^ Campbell, Mike. "Meaning, origin and history of the name Samuel". Behind the Name. Retrieved 2021-03-11.
  7. ^ "తెలుగు - తెలుగు భాషలో పవిత్ర బైబిల్. ఆడియో వర్ణన తో - Telugu online Bible".