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Samta (pronounced [ʃaːmtaː]) is a village and a gram panchayat in the Howrah district of the Indian state of West Bengal, on the banks of the Rupnarayan River.

Samta panorama from a house's terrace during sunset
Samta panorama from a house's terrace during sunset
Samta is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Samta is located in India
Samta (India)
Coordinates: 22°28′19″N 87°54′29″E / 22.4720338°N 87.90793059999999°E / 22.4720338; 87.90793059999999Coordinates: 22°28′19″N 87°54′29″E / 22.4720338°N 87.90793059999999°E / 22.4720338; 87.90793059999999
Country India
StateWest Bengal
 • Mostly SpokenBengali
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code03214
Lok Sabha constituencyUluberia



Samta's history dates back to centuries. During British Raj Samta was ruled by the Roys, who were the Zamindars of the village, subordinate to the Bardhaman Raj Estate, in turn subordinate to the British Empire.

After India attained independence, Zamindari was abolished and the village was taken over by the Government of India.


Samta is located on the fertile plains of the Rupnarayan River. It is situated about one kilometer (0.62 miles) away from the banks of the river.


The majority of the village's population is Hindu. Festivals such as Dol Jatra, Durga Puja, Bengali New Year, Kali Puja, Neel Shashti, Shivaratri, Shitala Puja, Saraswati Puja, Itu Puja, Janmashtami and other Hindu religious festivals are celebrated with great pomp and show. Gajans are also held in the village.

Madangopal Jiu Temple, a temple built in the 17th century, is situated in Mellock, a nearby village located south of Samta. It is locally known as Gopaler Mondir (meaning, the temple of Gopala). It was erected by Mukundaprasad Roychowdhury, a member of the family of Mellock's Roychowdhury Zamindars.

Madangopal Jiu Temple in its early days standing tall in Samta

An annual fair-Sarat Mela is held in late January in the neighbouring village north of Samta, Panitras, in remembrance of Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, a Bengali novelist and short story writer of the Bengali Renaissance. Sarat Mela was started in 1972.


There are very few schools in Samta such as Samta Sarat Chandra Uccha Balika Bidyalay, Samta Primary School. More schools could be found the neighbouring villages, which includes- Panitras High School (H. S.), Children's Institution and Vivekananda Institution in Panitras. However, no college has been so far established in Samta and its neighbouring villages. The education seekers have to travel to Bagnan to have higher educations.


The village is linked to the NH 6, also known as Mumbai/Bombay Road, through a narrow road known as Sarat Road. The highway links it to other places including Kolkata, the state capital. The roads of the village are unmetalled and are made of bricks. There is also a barrage, a kind of breakwater created to protect the villages from floods. The barrage, the unmetalled roads and the Sarat Road links it to the nearby villages. The Sarat Road further leads to Kalyanpur and Hooghly in the north, called the "Sarat Road".

The census town of Kolaghat, where the Kolaghat Thermal Power Plant is situated,[1] is close to Samta and is linked by NH 6. Other nearby villages to Samta are Mellock, Panitras, Birampur, Gobindopur, Baraberia, Kankte, Mashiara, Kalyanpur, Amrajor, Mankur and Dakaberia.

The local transports exists in the form of rickshaws, rickshaw-vans and trekker (a kind of jeep).

The Deulti Station is one of the oldest stations of the South Eastern railway in India and was built in 1890.

House of Sarat Chandra ChattopadhyayEdit

Sarat Chandra's house at Samta

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, a Bengali novelist and short story writer of the Bengali Renaissance lived in Samta for many years. He was born into poverty in Debanandapur, Hooghly, but he spent the later years of his lifetime in Samta after living in Shibpur. His house in Samta is shown as Sarat Chandra Kuthi, on the map of Samta. He had good bonds with the fishermen and washermen of the village, who were considered to be of low class. So the Zamindar separated him from the village and demarcated the area surrounding his house. And the place where he lived came to be known as Samtaber. However, he was revered by the locals.

Then the banks of the Rupnarayan river used to be very close to his house. But later the river changed its course and moved further away. While living here Sarat Chandra penned up several novels such as Abhagir Swarga, Kamal Lata, Shesh Prashna, Palli Samaj, Ramer Sumati, Pather Dabi and Mahesh.

His two-storied Burmese style house was also home to Sarat Chandra's brother Swami Vedananda, who was a disciple of Belur Math. The trees of bamboo and guava planted by him still stand in the garden of his house. His house draws many tourists every year from places such as Kolkata.[2]

It was declared as a Heritage or Historical Site by the Clause 2 of the West Bengal Heritage Commission Act 2001 (Act IX of 2001).[3][4] In 2009 the whole house underwent renovation and beautification.

Notable peopleEdit

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay (1876 - 1938)
Name Details
Amulla Ghoshal He was a famous science teacher in Samta.
Khagendra Nath Ghoshal He was a social worker and was born and brought up in Samta. The Sarat Road, which leads towards Kalyanpur and Hooghly in the north and NH6 in the south, was built by him after he pawned his wife's ornaments.
Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay Sarat Chandra was a novelist who belonged to period of the Bengali Renaissance and he spent that last years of his life in Samta. He wrote his several acclaimed novels here. He lived here from 1926 until his illness in 1938.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Plants". The West Bengal Power Development Corpn. Ltd. Archived from the original on 21 February 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  2. ^ House of Sarat Chandra Archived 2011-08-23 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Origin of W.B. Heritage Commission
  4. ^ West Bengal Heritage Commission Act 2001 (Act IX of 2001)

External linksEdit