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Mount Samsari

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Mount Samsari (Georgian: სამსარი) is a peak of the Abul-Samsari Range in Southern Georgia. The elevation of the mountain is 3,285 metres (10,778 ft) above sea level. Mount Samsari represents a volcanic cone, inside of which lies a caldera with a diameter of 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) with a semicircular ridge surrounding it. The formation of the caldera is linked to local fault systems. The floor of the caldera is lined with rocks and glacial debris as well as small lakes and contains volcanokarst formations. The caldera rim contains traces of previous glaciation, including cirques. The mountain was built up during the late Quaternary period and is made up of andesites, dacites and rhyolites. The slopes of Samsari are mainly devoid of vegetation. The caldera formed roughly 200ka ago.

Mount Samsari (view from Kochio).jpg
Samsari as seen from west
Highest point
Elevation 3,285 m (10,778 ft)
Coordinates 41°32′08″N 43°40′15″E / 41.5356°N 43.6708°E / 41.5356; 43.6708Coordinates: 41°32′08″N 43°40′15″E / 41.5356°N 43.6708°E / 41.5356; 43.6708
Samsari is located in Samtskhe-Javakheti
Location of the mountain
Samsari is located in Georgia
Samsari (Georgia)
Location Georgia
Parent range Abul-Samsari


  • Georgian State (Soviet) Encyclopedia. 1985. Book 9. p. 33.
  • The Structural Position and Conditions of Formation of the Samsari Caldera Volcano (Javakheti Upland, Georgia), Bezhan Tutberidze, Mariam Akhalkatsishvili, Hamlet Salukvadze.
  • The Samsari Volcanic Center as an Example of Recent Volcanism in the Lesser Caucasus: K–Ar Geochronological and Sr–Nd Isotopic Data DOKLADY EARTH SCIENCES Vol. 393A No. 9 2003